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Noticias de Febrero, 2009
February 2009 News
César Camacho, presidente de la Comisión de Justicia de
México, indicó que "urge combatir el delito de trata de personas"
Tabasco - México - A pesar de reiterados exhortos del Poder
Legislativo, el presidente Felipe Calderón se ha negado a la fecha a
expedir el reglamento de la Ley General para Prevenir y Sancionar la
Trata de Personas, a fin de que se cuente con instrumento normativo
más eficaz en el combate de ese delito, sostuvo el presidente de la
Comisión de Justicia, César Camacho. Así lo denunció en el segundo
seminario internacional "Mejores prácticas para combatir la trata de
personas", donde explicó que con la norma reglamentaria ya debería
estar formada la Comisión Intersecretarial y que también amplía el
instrumental jurídico para que las dependencias del Ejecutivo,
puedan participar como la ley lo ordena.
Camacho puntualizó que el plazo para emitir el reglamento
que crea la Comisión Intersecretarial venció hace 11 meses. "Por lo
que una vez más, con enorme respeto republicano, pero con la firmeza
que el caso demanda, hago desde aquí un llamado a la congruencia y
al cumplimiento de una obligación jurídica para que pronto se expida
César Camacho, president of the Commission on Justice
Affairs in Mexico's Chamber of Deputies, declares an "urgent need to
combat the crime of trafficking in persons"
Tabasco state - According
to congressman Cesar Camacho, [of the PRI- (Institutional
Revolutionary Party), and] the chairman of the Commission on Justice
Affairs in the Chamber of Deputies [lower house of Congress], President
Felipe Calderón has, despite repeated calls from the nation's
Congress, to date refused to issue the regulations that are needed
to put in force the
Law to Prevent and Punish Trafficking.
Camacho presented his views at the second international seminar on
"Best Practices in Combating Trafficking in Persons." Camacho added
that the publication of the federal regulations associated with the
law will allow for the formation of the required Inter-Ministerial
Commission [that will coordinate inter-agency efforts]. Publication
will also extend the legal tools available to the executive branch,
as the law mandates.
Camacho noted that the [President's] deadline for issuing
the regulation establishing the
expired 11 months ago. "So once again, with great respect
to the Republic, but with the firmness that this case demands,
I call, from this place, for [federal] compliance with the legal
obligation to issue such regulations soon."
Camacho added that this is an old
problem with new name. He said that we
should be motivated not only out of general concern, but because
this problem [human trafficking] is the
third most profitable illegal business [globally] after drug
trafficking and arms sales.
He noted that this law must have teeth, stating that the
nation needs an additional [legal] instrument to allow
[anti-trafficking] efforts to become doubly effective.
The President initially showed a great
interest in the issue. Unfortunately, [now] "he seems not to
sympathize with the facts on the ground."
Although [the law] created a special prosecutor for
trafficking, "unfortunately the results have been much less that we
had all hoped for."
Feb. 27, 2009
Más de 20 mil niños vendidos a pedófilos, acusa senadora
Al señalar que en América Latina más de 20
mil niños de los países pobres son vendidos a pedófilos en Estados Unidos,
Canadá y Europa, y que unos 10 mil entre los nueve y 16 años de edad son
destinados a prostíbulos, la senadora priísta María Elena Orantes exigió que se
impulsen campañas contra el maltrato y abuso sexual de los chavos en escuelas
públicas y privadas del nivel preescolar, primaria y secundaria, así como en
guarderías y casas de asistencia.
La legisladora chiapaneca presentó ante el pleno del Senado
un punto de acuerdo en el que se exhorta al presidente Felipe Calderón para que
a través de la Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP), en coordinación con el
Sistema DIF nacional y de las entidades federativas, así como con el Instituto
Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), entre otras dependencias, realicen acciones
para detectar, frenar y prevenir abusos a los menores.
Senator: More than 20,000 children are sold to pedophiles
United States, Canada and Europe
Noting that in Latin America more than
20,000 children from poor countries are sold to pedophiles in the United States,
Canada and Europe, and about 10,000 children between 9 and 16 years of age are
destined to be sold to brothels, Senator Maria Elena Orantes of PRI [the
Institutional Revolutionary party] has demanded that the government engage in
educational campaigns against child sexual abuse in public and private
preschools, elementary and secondary schools and in kindergartens, and in foster
Mexico City - Senator Maria Elena Orantes (PRI) of Chiapas
state has presented to the full Senate a resolution that demands that president
Felipe Calderón begin a campaign to detect, deter and prevent abuse of minors
through the efforts of the Public Education Secretariat (SEP) in coordination
with the national and state DIF social services agencies and the Mexican
Institute of Social Security, among other agencies.
Senator Orantes Lopez asked President
Calderón to expedite the delivery of the [now long-delayed] regulations [that
will put into force] the Law to Prevent and Punish Trafficking in Persons and
the National Program to Prevent and Punish Trafficking in Persons.
The senator emphasized that special attention must be paid to
addressing the problem of [Central and South American] migrant women and
Senator Orantes Lopez explained that the sexual outrages
facing children are becoming worse with every passing day. According to a number
of studies, the [average] victim is between 11 and 15 years of age…
El Sol de Mexico
Feb. 29, 2009
El combate a la trata de personas está rezagado
Aunque a finales de 2007
entró en vigor la Ley para Prevenir y Sancionar la Trata de Personas, expertos
advierten que faltan muchos puntos por cumplirse para combatir el problema. La
ONU ha señalado incluso negligencia oficial
Los “enganchadores” ubican a
las jovencitas más atractivas en centrales camioneras, estaciones del Metro o a
través de internet. Saben aprovecharse de las condiciones de pobreza y exclusión
en las que viven muchas de ellas, por lo que comienzan el engaño ofreciéndoles
trabajo, una relación sentimental o nuevas oportunidades de vida. Sólo es
cuestión de tiempo para que varias terminen siendo explotadas sexualmente.
Aunque a finales de 2007
entró en vigor la Ley para Prevenir y Sancionar la Trata de Personas, expertos
advierten que faltan muchos puntos por cumplirse para combatir el problema. La
ONU ha señalado incluso negligencia oficial.
La incapacidad institucional
para tipificar el delito ha impedido, a niveles federal y local, que miembros de
redes criminales sean procesados y condenados.
against trafficking in persons is lagging
Although by the end of 2007 the Law to Prevent and Punish Trafficking in Persons
came into force, experts warn that many steps that have not been taken to combat
the problem. The United Nations has even called attention to official
"recruiters" locate the most attractive girls in buses, at metro stations and
through the internet. They know how to take advantage of the conditions of
poverty and exclusion that many of these girls live in. So the deception begins
by offering the girl work, a love affair or new opportunities in life. It's just
a matter of time before they end up being sexually exploited.
Law to Prevent and Punish Trafficking in Persons had been passed in 2007
[it is still awaiting published regulations from an unwilling President Calderon
to actually bring it into force], experts warn that many tools are lacking to
effectively combat the problem. United Nations officials have even taken note of
the involvement of 'official negligence.'
institutional inability to define the offense of trafficking has prevented
federal and local governments from prosecuting and convicting members of these
the Special Prosecutor for Crimes of Violence against Women and Trafficking in
Persons (of the Attorney General’s office) investigates only those cases where
organized crime is involved, where the victims were trafficked to another
country, or where public servants are involved in a case.
lacks a comprehensive assessment of the extent, number of victims and social
costs of human trafficking…
Feb. 27 2009
Llaman a romper el silencio de crímenes sexuales cometidos
durante la guerra
Integrantes de diversas organiza-ciones, que velan
por la vigencia de los derechos de las guatemaltecas, hicieron un llamado a la
población para que rompa el silencio que impide que los crímenes sexuales
cometidos durante el conflicto armado interno sean llevados a la justicia.
De acuerdo con un comunicado, 10 años han pasado
desde que la Comisión para el Esclarecimiento Histórico (CEH) presentó el
Informe “Memoria del Silencio”, que documenta las violaciones a los derechos
humanos, entre ellas crímenes sexuales ejecutados por el Ejército y las
patrullas de autodefensa civil, masivamente contra mujeres mayas.
La información señala que la violación sexual fue
sistemáticamente utilizada como arma de guerra en el marco de la política
contrainsurgente del Ejército y como constitutiva del genocidio y el
feminicidio, sin embargo, una cultura de silencio ha rodeado ese tipo de
organizations call on the population to break the wall of silence about sex
crimes committed during the civil war
Guatemala City - Members of human rights organizations have called
upon the people of Guatemala to break the wall of silence that has
prevented discussion of bringing those responsible for sex crimes
committed during the internal armed conflict to justice.
According to a press release, 10 years have passed since the
Commission for Historical Clarification (CEH) presented its report
entitled "Memory of Silence," which documented the human rights
violations perpetrated during the war, including
crimes carried out by Army units and civilian self-defense patrols
directed against Mayan women.
information indicates that rape was systematically used as a weapon
of war under the Army's counterinsurgency policy and as an element
of genocide and femicide. However today, a culture of silence
surrounds these cases.
Despite the gravity of such crimes, the justice system has failed to
address the demands of thousands of victims, and to date not one
trial has been held related to acts of sexual violence carried out
against women during armed conflict…
Center for Legal Action on Human Rights (CALDH), the Women's Earth
Viva (AMTV), the National Union of Guatemalan Women (UNAMG), the
Human Rights Office of the Archbishop (ODHAG), the Maya Waqib ' Kej
National Convergence and the Association of Families of the
Detained and Disappeared of Guatemala (FAMDEGUA), among others,
signed the declaration.
Feb 25, 2009
About the crisis facing indigenous
women and girls in Guatemala
Preocupa a ombudsman tabasqueño incidentes
relacionados con la trata de blancas en las fronteras del país.
80% de migrantes sufren
explotación sexual: CEDH
Villahermosa, Tabasco - La impunidad en
México hace cada vez más grave el problema de la trata de blancas,
aseguró el presidente de la CEDH, Jesús Manuel Argáez de los Santos,
luego de advertir que el 80 por ciento de los migrantes que llegan
al país son capturados para su explotación sexual.
Al respecto, el titular de la Comisión
Estatal de Derechos Humanos (CEDH), se dijo alarmado por la
creciente cifra de incidentes relacionados con la trata de blancas
en las fronteras del país, relacionadas también con violaciones a
los derechos humanos sexuales y económicos.
“Tenemos datos generales sobre el número
aproximado de migrantes que sufren violaciones a sus derechos, tal
parece que el 80 por ciento de los migrantes que vienen de tránsito
por el territorio nacional sufren violaciones de sus derechos
sexuales, agresiones y otras cuestiones, sigue habiendo una frontera
sin control”, expuso el ombudsman tabasqueño.
human rights ombudsman raises alarm about rapid increase in human
trafficking along Mexico’s southern border
According to the state’s human rights commission, 80% of [Central
and South American] migrants suffer sexual exploitation
city, Tabasco state - Impunity in Mexico is adding each day that
goes by to the crisis in human trafficking, according to Jesús
Manuel Argáez, president of the Tabasco Human Rights Commission.
Argáez de los Santos notes that 80% of [female] migrants crossing
into Mexico are captured for purposes of sexual exploitation…
Argáez de los
Santos: "We have data on the approximate number of migrants who
suffer violations of their rights, it seems that 80 percent of
migrants who transit through our territory suffer violations of
their sexual rights, assault and [robbery].
Argáez de los
Santos: "This is not so much about increasing penalties. It is that
there is impunity, which does not penalize those who violate the
rule of law. In this context, we are talking about the victimization
of undocumented migrants - women and children. There are also
thefts, assaults and [exploitation] through offering very low-paying
remember that we always demand that Mexicans who emigrate to the
United States be treated with dignity. We also have an obligation to
offer the same dignity to people who come here from other countries
in the world," Argáez de los Santos said.
Argáez de los
Santos added that the National Migration Institute has carried out
arrests and has reported to the state in regard to some criminal
organizations involved, but unfortunately, the problem is still
occurring along the southern border and is quite serious.
Por: Víctor Esquivel
Feb. 27, 2009
MHS student charged with raping three... girls
Marblehead - An 18-year-old Marblehead High School junior is being
held on $75,000 bail at the Essex House of Correction in Middleton
after being charged Thursday with three counts of rape of a child
with force and two counts of attempting to intimidate a witness.
Joshua Rodriguez, 29 Bennett Road, was
arrested in Marblehead Wednesday afternoon. He pleaded not guilty to
all charges during his bail hearing at Lynn District Court.
According to police reports, Rodriguez
is being charged with raping three Marblehead middle-school-aged
girls who separately reported the assaults to police within the last
The latest incident was reported by one
of the girls during school hours. After telling several friends
about what had happened, she was encouraged to tell her school nurse
that Rodriguez had raped her a week earlier, on Feb. 4...
By Nikki Gamer
Feb 22, 2009
Added: Feb. 26, 2009
Rape suspects Richard Morales-Marin,24, and
Juan Hernandez-Monzavlo,25, have
confessed to raping
an 11-year-old girl.
[Sex worker] raped in house where child was
attacked will not seek charges
prostitute who reported she was raped in the same vacant house where
an 11-year-old Orlando girl was raped last week is declining to
woman, who works along South Orange Blossom Trail, told
investigators "that no one would ever believe a prostitute was
raped," according to an incident report released late Thursday...
men, Richard Morales-Marin, 23, of Guerrero, Mexico, and Juan
Hernandez-Monzalvo, 24, of Hidalgo, Mexico, are being held without
bail on charges of raping the 11-year-old early Feb. 5 in a vacant
pink house at 2506 Rose Blvd. Hernandez-Monzalvo previously lived in
the house, records show…
11-year-old told investigators she was kidnapped on her way to
school by two men in a car as she walked along Lancaster Road near
South Orange Blossom Trail. She said they returned her to the area
after raping her at the Rose Boulevard house…
Morales-Martin has been linked by DNA to the January 2008 rape of a
pregnant teenager near the Florida Mall. Orange County detectives
are looking at other rapes to see whether Morales-Martin and
Hernandez-Monzalvo could be involved, according to sex-crimes Sgt.
Henry Pierson Curtis, Bianca Prieto and Amy L.
Feb. 13, 2009
Added: Feb. 25, 2009
Rescata FBI a 48 menores sometidos a explotación sexual
Oficina Federal de Investigaciones (FBI) informó hoy que rescató a 48 menores de
edad que eran explotados sexualmente en diversas ciudades de Estados Unidos,
donde detuvo a 571 acusados de tráfico y prostitución de menores.
Feb. 23, 2009
Forty-Eight Children Recovered in Operation
Cross Country III
During the past week, the FBI joined its law
enforcement partners in a three-day national enforcement action as
part of the Innocence Lost National Initiative.
This operation, known as Operation Cross Country
III, included enforcement operations in 29 cities across the country
and led to the recovery of 48 children being prostituted
domestically. Additionally, 571 criminals were arrested on a
combination of state and federal charges for the domestic
trafficking of children for prostitution and solicitation.
continue to pursue those who exploit our nation's children,” said
FBI Director Robert S. Mueller, III. “We may not be able to return
their innocence but we can remove them from this cycle of abuse and
...To date, the 32 Innocence Lost Task Forces and
Working Groups have recovered 670 children. The investigations and
subsequent convictions have resulted in lengthy sentences, including
multiple 25-years-to-life sentences and the seizure of more than $3
million in assets.
Feb. 23, 2009
Added: Feb. 22, 2009
Nuevo Laredo, Mexico and
Aflora la explotación sexual infantil en la frontera
Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas.- La delincuencia organizada que
opera en esta frontera, utiliza a menores de edad para el comercio sexual,
principalmente a niñas de entre 12 y 16 años de edad, a las que engañan para
introducirlas en este ilícito negocio del que difícilmente pueden escapar,
reveló Norma Ortiz, coordinadora del programa Menores en Condiciones
Extremadamente Difíciles (Meced), del sistema DIF.
Las víctimas son por lo general, niños y niñas que llegan
solos desde el interior del país para intentar cruzar la frontera y reunirse con
sus familiares que ya viven en Estados Unidos.
Son reclutados cerca de los puentes internacionales al
aceptar regalos y dinero.
flourishes along the Mexico / U.S. border
city, in Tamaulipas state – According to Norma Ortiz, coordinator of the program
Minors in Extremely Difficult Conditions of the government’s DIF social
services agency, organized crime groups operating in this Mexico/U.S. border
city exploit minors, especially girls between 12 and 16 years of age, for the
sex trade. The girls are tricked, and once trapped, they find it difficult to
escape from their captors.
The typical victim
is a youth who arrived alone from the interior of the country, and who is trying
to cross the border to join her relatives already living in the United States.
intercept these youth near the international border crossings, and entice them
with gifts and offers of money...
Last year, the U.S.
Shared Hope International (SHI) revealed that
child prostitution is a market that is driven by men who will pay large sums of
money to have sex with children.
SHI estimates that
up to 50,000 children and youth are victims of sexual exploitation along
Mexico’s border with the U.S.
[Note: much of this
prostitution caters to men from the U.S.]
Last year, Ortiz
found 4 cases of children who were sexually exploited, and managed to rescue and
deliver them to their parents. Due to threats from these crime groups, the
families decided to leave the city without filing criminal complaints.
hard with families and schools to raise awareness of this problem and to provide
greater protection for these children, but much remains to be done," said Ortiz.
Feb. 23, 2009
En Tamaulipas, sigue en aumento niños que viven en la calle
Tamaulipas sees an increasing number of children living on the street
Feb. 02, 2009
Added: Feb. 22, 2009
Congresswoman Hilaria Supa,
gather outside of a govern-ment building in Cusco in October
2008 to raise awareness about the victims of former president
Alberto Fujimori’s 1990's forced indigenous sterilization
of 300,000 forcibly
is re-opened in Peru]
investigation into the forced sterilization of 300,000 indigenous
Peruvian women is being re-opened, according to the Public Ministry of
Peru. This follow-up effort was announced Jan. 7, 2009 and will seek out
the program’s adminis-trators. It had been part of the larger case
against former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori, who is facing other
awaiting the final disposition of his case in which he is being charged
with kidnapping as well as ordering two massacres that resulted in the
deaths of 25 people. If convicted he faces up to 30 years in prison. The
original charges against him involved other human rights violations
including his knowing supervision of the forced sterilization of
indigenous women. The so-called “Voluntary Surgical Contraception”
Program was enacted between 1997 and 2000...
sterilizations focused on poor, indigenous, Quechua-speaking and Aymara
women,” said women’s rights advocate Maria Esther Mogollon. She is a
member of MAM Fundacional, the women’s rights organization that helped a
group of victims present their case to federal authorities.
number came to be 300,000 women and 22,000 men (who received
vasectomies). … the majority of whom did not sign informed consent
statements and were also subjected to threats, coercion and other
“They came for me many times, trying to convince me to
have the operation. They tried to make my husband sign a paper and they
told him it would make me well. But as he was illiterate, he didn’t know
what the document said. Then they threatened my husband that if he
didn’t take me to the clinic the police would take him to prison.
Out of fear my husband asked me to go.”
Indian Country Today
Feb. 20, 2009
congresswoman] Hilaria Supa Huamán Visits
English translation of
Hilaria Supa Huamán's book: Threads of My Life
[Peruvian]government, with the financial assistance of the United States, Japan,
the European Union and the World Bank, started a sterilization campaign, on the
theory that if there were fewer poor, there would be less poverty. 300,000
[indigenous] women and 20,000 men were sterilized, often without consent, during
eye or dental surgery. Many are still in pain and disabled
from these forced surgeries.[Congress-woman Hilaria Supa] was wheelchair
bound for seven years after the birth of her daughter.
Congresswoman Supa went to the city as a young
woman, learned Spanish, worked hard, went to school, and
converted her understanding of life as a poor woman to a life of
organizing and struggle for women and all people. She has been a
force for land reform, for women’s rights and indigenous rights
in Peru. She wrote a book,
"Threads of My Life - The Story of Hilaria Supa Huaman, A
Rural Quechua Woman"
Lehigh Valley Independent Press
April 29, 2008
facing indigenous women in Peru
The crisis of forced
sterilization facing indigenous,
Afro-descendent and Latina women in the
Added: Feb. 18, 2009
En México, “especie de esquizofrenia” frente a
los derechos de las mujeres
Persistencia del femicidio en todo el país; impunidad en Atenco,
donde mujeres fueron torturadas y violadas por policías; asesinato y
hostigamiento judicial contra comunicadoras; impedimento para que
las menores de edad o con deficiencia mental, violadas y por ello
embarazadas, interrumpan la gestación; muerte de mujeres al dar a
luz por falta de servicios médicos; imparable incremento de la trata
de personas, así como la constante amenaza de que el Ejército cometa
más abusos contra mujeres y que no haya castigo, son sólo ejemplos
denunciados por la sociedad civil del incumplimiento del gobierno
federal para proteger los derechos humanos de las mujeres.
The following are observations from the journalists at CIMAC
Noticias, a women’s human rights press agency in Mexico City
[Today we find in Mexico:] the continuation of
femicide across the country; impunity in the [recent negative
Supreme Court ruling in the] case of Atenco, where women were
tortured and raped by policemen; killings and judicial harassment
targeting women journalists; the denial of abortion to underage
girls and mentally handicapped women who have been raped [as in a
recent case involving 8 indigenous women victims]; the deaths of
women during childbirth due to a lack of medical services; an
unstoppable increase in human trafficking; as well as the constant
threat that Army personnel will continue to
[physically and sexually] more women without
are but a few examples of cases where Mexico’s
federal government has failed to protect the human rights of women.
Introduction to a special news
Feb. 17, 2009
Added: Feb. 15, 2009
Updated Feb. 19, 2009
Ambassador Albert R. Ramdin of Suriname,
Assistant Secretary General of the Organization of the American States
OAS heralds a "new moment of change" in the West
From a recent lecture at
the University of the West Indies
...Clearly the world is, as ever, in a state of flux. With regard to the Western
Hemisphere, there are three fundamental changes taking place that I wish to
Firstly, some 30 years ago in Latin America, there were still dictatorships.
Since then Latin America has gone through a democratization process that has
brought to the fore different ideological, political, economic and social
interests within and among countries and sub-regions. Democracy has also created
political space for previously marginalized groups in society, such as women,
youth and indigenous people.
Secondly, more recently, since 2006, we have witnessed a significant turnover,
through democratic means, in the political leadership of the hemisphere, with
more than 20 countries undergoing general elections... During this period,
roughly two-thirds of the peoples of the Americas have been involved in some
sort of electoral process.
Thirdly, although some progress has been made, the Latin American and Caribbean
region, despite reasonable economic growth, continues to have unacceptable high
levels of poverty. Latin America itself has the highest
levels of income inequality in the world and some 220 million people live on
less than US$2 a day. The resulting sense of hopelessness,
marginalization and exclusion is a key contributing factor to insecurity in the
...What is worrying is that the relative political and economic gains over the
last two decades might now be in danger of being dramatically eroded by the
global financial crisis and political differences, as well as by more specific
challenges arising from threats to food and energy security, the environmental
crisis, and the violence associated with organized crime, youth gangs, and the
illegal trade in drugs and firearms...
Indeed, many believe that today Latin America and the Caribbean are marked by
the highest level of tension and insecurity within and between nations since the
end of the Cold War.
More than ever, the origins of these problems are intra-state or domestic. That
is, they are related to social, environmental and economic difficulties, such as
in Haiti; ethnic divisions, such as those arising from the new-found political
power of the indigenous people of Bolivia and conflict with traditional elites;
and the search for a new model of “participatory democracy” as opposed to more
conventional “representative democracy...”
The expectations of the region with regard to US relations with... Latin America
and the Caribbean in general may not be wholly met at the forthcoming [April,
2009] 5th Summit of the Americas. But it is anticipated that the United States
will seize the opportunity to make a major statement on improving relations with
the rest of the hemisphere..., especially on issues such as development and the
fight against poverty, the pending approval of the free trade agreements with
Colombia and Panama, global warming and the effects of climate change, organized
crime, narco-trafficking, the illegal trafficking in arms, deportees and
security in general...
Albert R. Ramdin
OAS Assistant Secretary General
Jan. 29, 2009
Note: The 5th Summit of the Americas
will take place in Trinidad and Tobago on April 17-19, 2009.
enthusias-tically agree with Organization of American States' Assistant
Secretary General, Albert R. Ramdin's comments in regard to the fact that the
election of U.S. President Barak Obama has opened up new opportunities for
progress in the relationship between the United States and the other nations of
We encourage the Obama
Administ-ration to move beyond the political viewpoints that previously
dominated federal agency thinking about responses to human slavery. These
viewpoints had caused the near-disappearance of Latin America from the radar
screen as a recognized and targeted focal point of
in regard to
criminal sex and labor trafficking.
During the past eight years, the
acute severity of the crisis facing at-risk and trafficked women and children in
the region had not been matched by a commensurate level of urgent response from
the U.S. federal government. Non-governmental anti-trafficking groups and
academics had also been slow to respond to this most glaring and well-documented
example of impunity and mass gender violence on the world stage... the
tortured case of Latin America.
The modern anti-trafficking
move-ment grew out of efforts in the 1990's in advanced western nations to
address the plight of sex trafficking victims in Eastern Europe and Russia in
the aftermath of the fall of the Soviet Union. Asia became an additional area of
focus. Both populations, as well as U.S. born trafficking victims (a more recent
priority for the movement) have received well-deserved attention from U.S.
agencies and the many non-governmental organizations that are working to combat
But where has the response been
to the crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean?
We have not seen that response,
a point that is not lost on the traffickers.
Five years ago an
anti-trafficking activist working in Washington, DC insisted during a
conversation with me that no human slavery problem existed in Latin America,
because that is what his women's studies professors had taught him.
That lack of factual information
from academia (and elsewhere), together with the effects of traditional racial
divides in U.S. culture appear to have guided official and NGO strategic
thinking in regard to their failure to create the needed official and NGO
response to the mass victimi-zation of Afro-descendent, indigenous and other
poor women and children across Latin America by the region's well-organized sex
A number of factors have caused
the Japanese Yakuzas (who have sex trafficked in women and girls from Colombia
since the 1980s), the Russian mob, and the multi-billion dollar Colombian and
Mexican drug cartels (who double as extremely well-funded sex trafficking
networks) to expand their criminal operations exponentially across Latin
The key factors that have
facilitated this explosive growth in slavery involve: the continued unequal
status of women and ethnic minorities; the continued acceptance of impunity;
official corruption; low pay, poor training and a resulting indiffer-ence on the
part of law enforcement personnel; extreme poverty that causes young men to join
gangs and mafias that prey on women; the ease with which traffickers can kidnap,
rape and enslave tens of thousands of poor women and girls of all ages with
impunity with absolutely no government response; and the fact that the United
States government has not made combating mass human slavery in the region a
The global anti-trafficking
movement and government agencies under the last U.S. administ-ration did not
demonstrate the required political open-mindedness and agility that was needed
to shift gears and place an urgent emphasis on saving lives in Latin America in
response to this emergency.
For example, during August of
I attended a major
trafficking conference in Washington, DC, where most of the conservative
anti-trafficking thought leaders were present, as well as the U.S. State
Department's head of the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) office, Dr. Mark P. Lagon.
During the entire 5 hour session, the only mention made of Latin America was by
me during the question and answer periods.
In response to a panel discussion at the
conference on anti-trafficking initiatives in the U.S., I mentioned that: 1) an
FBI agent had mentioned to me that a $60,000 a week Latino brothel operation
existed in Langley Park, Maryland, 10 miles directly north of the U.S. Capitol
building, and yet I had never seen any evidence that prosecutions came out of
that surveillance; and 2) that anti-trafficking activists have handed cases to
the FBI on "a silver platter" only to be ignored by agents and prosecutors (This
was told to me by a Ph.D. anti-trafficking special-ist in California, and it has
also been the exper-ience of other activists whom I know in California, who
advocate for Latina victims of trafficking).
I concluded my comments by noting that in a
number of cases, federal prosecutors actually have not taken trafficking cases
to court. A number of people in the audience of 200 applauded what I had said.
During the question and answer
period following Dr. Lagon's remarks at this conference which spoke eloquently
about the problem of trafficking in Eastern Europe, Asia and the U.S. (but
without mention of Latin American issues), I stated in my question
to Dr. Lagon that a U.S. immigration lawyer had been interviewed by a Spanish
language newspaper (in Mexico), and that he had stated that
thousands of Mexican children and underage youth were fleeing from the hundreds
of brothels on the U.S. border, many of them run by the Russian mob.
I stated that when they escape into the U.S. and are caught, they were not being
afforded the 72 hour waiting period required by law and access to a lawyer, as
other arrested migrants, those not from Mexico, are given. I stated that in
violation of the law, these minors were being deported back into Mexico after
only 24 hours.
As the moderator of the event
asked me to get to the question, I simply stated emphatically
What are you going to do about it?
Dr. Lagon responded by stating
that "all immigrants are God's children," but he did not clearly answer the
question, nor did he openly commit the TIP office to doing anything about the
issue. After the event, he did not appear to be too happy that I had raised
these questions during his filmed conference appearance (which is my subjective
I also attended an
anti-trafficking conference of around 400 participants at the U.S. Congress
earlier in the George W, Bush Administration, where then Trafficking in Persons
Ambass-ador John R. Miller was the keynote
speaker. Latin America was not discussed by the panelists, nor did those who
asked questions bring up the subject. However, I did pass out a
flyer regarding the work of
to the attendees.
Whatever the internal politics
were surrounding anti-trafficking policy in the last administration, Latin
America was not a priority for federal authorities.
The most recent U.S.
anti-trafficking legislation passed by Congress, the
William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection
Reauthorization Act of 2008,
does, finally, have 'some' minimal provisions that better protect minor victims
of human trafficking.
Today, Latin America and Asia
both rank in the number one position globally in regard to the severity of their
human trafficking crises. Yet the U.S. response, to a threat that impacts the
U.S. internally, has been minimal.
The lack of action taken during
the past 8 years to address Latin America's emer-gency of sex and labor
trafficking could be compared to the George W. Bush administra-tion's lack of a
timely response to Hurricane Katrina.
We know that in the case of the
femicide in Mayan indigenous dominated
for example, the federal response was one of silence, perhaps because the 1980's
civil war, in which 200,000 people including 50,000 women were murdered by
government forces, and in which almost all Mayan women and girls were raped with
impunity by soldiers, was a war that conservatives in the U.S. supported then,
and, in a historical context, they continue to support.
The femicide today in Guatemala,
with its rate of ten times the numbers of female murders being committed than in
the better-known femicide capitol of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, is an outgrowth of
the 1980's anti-Mayan genocide. Almost nobody is arrested and prosecuted for
kidnapping, raping, torturing and then murdering women in a pattern that exists
across that nation.
The silence on the part of the
last administration in this area gives the appearance that officials simply
preferred not to talk about the topic.
During the early 2000's, when I
participated actively in the listserv of the deservedly well-respected
conservative anti-trafficking pioneer Dr. Donna Hughes, I was literally banned
by her from the listserv when some of the 400 other members, who were mostly
conservative U.S. women activists, started to protest the fact that I was
raising the issue of the femicide and 1980's genocide of Mayan peoples in
Guatemala. It was a taboo subject for them, femicide or not.
Feminists who also participated
in the listserv wrote to me to explain that such censorship of ideas began when
the moderator began writing for the conservative publication National Review
Is a continued denial of the
current femicide and the parallel crisis of the mass sex trafficking of Mayan
women and young girls from Guatemala today really a price that humanity (and
Guatemalan women and children) should pay because ideological differences
make the issue 'politically incorrect' for U.S. conservatives to even mention?
Another act of the
administration of George W. Bush that appears to reinforce our concerns about a
deliberate effort to deny indigenous victims their equal rights centers on the
now infamous firings of 8 honest, hard-working U.S. attorneys by then U.S.
Attorney General Alberto Gonzalez. Five of the eight were members of a committee
that worked to increase the dismal federal prosecution rates in regard to cases
involving indigenous victims of violent crime, especially sexual assault.
Western U.S. states have a long
history of patterns of sexual assaults with impunity targeting indige-nous women
and girls. The firings gave the appear-ance that the U.S. Department of Justice
actually acted to protect the 80% of sexual assailants in these cases who are
white men. (This dynamic of impu-nity in western states also aids and abets the
sexual exploitation of Latina victims).
We also recognize that
progressives have a truly apathetic and disheartening record on
anti-trafficking issues. We commend the conservatives who made trafficking a
priority in the U.S., despite having to hold our nose at the fact that they left
brown Maria in the brothel' out of the picture, and still in the
hands of her brutal enslaver.
Some aspects of the deliberate
omission from discussion of exploited Latin American and expatriate immigrant
communities of women and children may thus be attributed to the dynamics of
certain political ideologies.
That is to say, alliances with
like-minded political forces in Latin America likely lead some conservative U.S.
leaders to sweep glaring examples of corruption and impunity under the carpet.
Certainly there are no visible signs that offending governments were ever
confronted seriously, or threatened with the withholding of U.S. financial
support during this period.
A lack of serious response to
the institutionalized sexism of the conservative administration of President
Felipe Calderon of the Christian Democrat National Action Party (PAN) in Mexico
is one such clear example of the coddling of those who allow
impunity to reign. President Calderon is so bold that he dares (even after 4
warnings from Congress during the last 9 months) to refuse to publish the
regulations needed to put Mexico's first national anti-trafficking law into
It is also certainly possible
that outright racism and classism was being displayed by U.S. officials and
NGOs, targeted at the most vulnerable black, indigenous and other poor
populations of Latina victim communities... during the time when this unofficial
'code of silence' about the horrors taking place in Latin America was being
enforced as behind-the-scenes U.S. policy.
Indeed, the lack of action by
the U.S. could be attributed to all of these above-listed factors.
These acts of omission resulted
in creating the near-invisibility of 'people of color from the Americas' within
U.S. anti-trafficking policy discourse.
At the same time, it is also
under-stood that federal and NGO human trafficking policy and action were then,
as they are today, in an experimental stage of development, and therefore they
had to be expected to go through 'growing pains.'
Nonetheless, it has been our
repeated experience that the formal institutions that fight trafficking have
limited their consideration of the plight of black and brown women in Latin
America and the Caribbean, while emphasizing European, Asian and U.S. issues.
The current gap in policy
content focused on the Latin American and Caribbean crisis also extends
globally. We recognize that virtually the entire anti-trafficking movement has
compiled wish-lists of well-considered recommendations for the Obama
administration, ideas that are designed to address past dificiencies in U.S.
anti-trafficking strategy, tactics and infrastructure development both
domestically and in the global context.
Latina, Caribbean and black and
brown ethnic minority women and children's interests must be represented as the
anti-trafficking movement and its U.S. federal agency allies work to re-align
national policies in collaboration with the newly-inaugurated
administration of Barak Obama.
Simply appointing members of the
traditional Latino political leadership to address these issues is no guarantee
of providing resolution to the problem.
U.S. Latino organizations have
remained silent for the most part about the issue of human trafficking, except
in a few notable cases such as the private efforts of millionaire pop star
In almost all cases, there are
no indige-nous, nor are there Afro-descendent activists represent-ed, a fact
that leaves the process open to the ugly dynamics of 'intra-Latino racism,
sexism and classism' (also known as negative machismo).
The continued exclusion from
anti-trafficking leader-ship roles of ethnic minorities from Latin America will
only delay the true resolution of this crisis, one which affects their
OAS Assistant Secretary
Ramdin's acknow-ledgement that Latin America today has the highest levels of
income inequality in the world, with some 220 million people living on less than
US$2 a day, should make it fairly self-explanatory to all parties that such
acute poverty has combined with criminal
impunity, official corruption and an $11 billion dollar global market for sex
and labor slaves to put virtually all Latin American and Caribbean women and
children at risk of becoming victims of forced prostitution and peonage.
We encourage the Obama Administ-ration and U.S.
Secretary of State Hilary Clinton to develop a strong and creative strategy to
address human trafficking, as a key human rights component of their overall
approach to improving relations with the nations and peoples of the
Within that strategy, the communities who are the
most intensively targeted for enslavement, including all poor Latinas in
general, as well as Afro-descendent and indigenous peoples in particular, must
have an equal seat at the table in the areas of organized policy discussion,
strategic planning and program development. These important activities must take
place to make future prevention and victim rescue and rehabilitation
efforts truly effective.
Today, consistent with the powerful history of
'negative-machismo' based gender, race and class prejudice in the region,
socially marginalized (and thus easily
victim-ized) populations remain not only without a seat at the table of
deliberation, but they are almost never even invited into the room - except,
literally, to serve the food.
That is not a flippant comment, and it is
not an exaggeration. It is just a fact of life that we have lived through
personally, and that we, in this generation, will indeed change. That change
will only come about with popular support from everyone... from
We the people!
Will you join us in that effort?
End impunity now!
Updated Feb. 19, 2009
speaks out and advocates for
Latina women & girl's human rights at a Washington, DC
International Organization for Migration (IOM) conference on
sex trafficking in Latin America and the Caribbean region
attended by non-profits and U.S. State, Justice and Homeland
Dec. 18, 2003
Transition Report for the
Next Presidential Administration
[This document provides an excellent analysis
of policy and organizational change require-ments for
federal anti-trafficking effort improvement, but at the same
time it ignores the issues of racial, ethnic and class
exclusion that haunt current thinking by thought leaders in
The Action Group to End Human Trafficking and
United States: Migration and
Trafficking in Women
Until recently, trafficking of
women in the United States was rarely acknowled-ged. It was
not until Russian and Ukrainian women began to be trafficked
to the United States in the early 1990s that governmental
agencies and many NGOs began to recognize the problem.
As many critics, including us,
have pointed out, Latin American and Asian women were
trafficked into the United States for many years prior to
the influx of Russian traffickers and trafficked women. The
fact that it took blond and blue-eyed victims to draw
governmental and public attention to trafficking in the
United States gives, at least, the appearance of racism...
Coalition Against Trafficking in
Women and Children (CATW)
ONU teme que la crisis financiera agrave la
servidumbre por deudas
UN fears that the global financial crisis is worsening
...The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that at least 1.3
million people are subjected to forced labor in Latin America and the Caribbean,
of which 250,000 are also victims of trafficking.
Latin America suffers the second highest rate of forced labor in the world after
Dec. 10, 2008
People at High Risk
As the world marks the International Day of the
Indigenous People, native peoples continue to be
the victims of human rights violations --
including killings and "disappear-ances" -- in
many parts of the Americas, Amnesty
International said today.
"Intimidation, harassment and violent attacks
against indigenous communities are frequent occurrences in countries
including Honduras, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico and
Venezuela," the organization added, calling on governments
throughout the region to ensure the rights of indigenous people are
of Amnesty International
August 9, 2001
Twelve-year-old virgin Mexican girls,
for example, are sold to brothels in Spain for $25,000, but if a
beautiful young Indigenous girl is being sold, that raises the price
even more because she is 'exotic.'
Teresa Ulloa Latin
American and Caribbean director of the Coalition Against Trafficking in
- La Crónica de Hoy
Oct. 20, 2005
Abuse In Latin America Growing
Child sex abuse
and prostitution are rising in Latin America and children are
most threatened in Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic,
Venezuela and Cuba, United nations officials said Wednesday...
"Poverty and race ... are decisive. It is mainly poor, black
women who suffer the worst abuse."
[U.S. Attorney firings targeted effective
prose-cutors of rape on the reservation]
Crime-victim advocates from
Indian country have focused attention on the
pandemic of rape on Indian lands by whites and other
perpetrators. One in three Indian women will be
raped, and more than 70 percent of the rapists are
At the National Congress of American Indians'
mid-year conference in June , Native women who
have worked for decades to end sexual violence on
Indian lands [discussed] the need for tribal
follow-up on the Adam Walsh Act and other subjects.
The meeting was attended by Margaret Chiara, who was
one of the eight U.S. Attorneys fired by the Bush
administration. Of those eight, she was one of the
five who served on the U.S. Attorneys' subcommittee
for Native issues.
Chiara said her office had increased prosecutions
of... violent crimes and others on the reservations
in her western Michigan district by 85 percent by
dedicating an attorney and one staff to prosecutions
of these cases.
Paul Charlton, the fired U.S. Attorney from Arizona,
said one of two reasons Justice told him he was
being fired was because he'd called on the FBI to
tape confessions. Charlton later said an FBI
policy against taping confessions harms the
prosecution rates of Indian child molestations
because molesters' confessions are often critical to
Majel-Dixon and other Native women leaders say that
sexual predators target Indian lands because they
know that their chances of getting investigated and
prosecuted are slim. If these cases are prosecuted,
it is most likely by a tribal court which, under
federal law, can only impose a one-year sentence
even for the most violent rape by a repeat offender.
Native leaders say white rapists travel from
reservation to reservation offending...
- Indian Country Today
July 06, 2007
...Arlan Melendez, vice president of
the Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada: ''When you see
the Justice Department isn't really interested in
Indian country, and then you see them fire U.S.
attorneys who are taking an interest in Indian
country, you formulate your opinions from that.''
- Indian Country Today
July 20, 2007
The Sex Trafficking of
Children in San Diego, California
Tráfico y explotación sexual
de menores en San Diego
"...The girls that I saw that time
[in the fields] were very young, they were not over
14 years old. they had been sold a lot to 'los
gringos' (American men)." "This area is full of red
necks, they are far right-wing white American men to
whom they sell the virginity of little girls" notes
Patricia [a Latina medical
doctor paid with U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services funds to provide condoms to underage sex
slaves in these child rape camps, but who was
threatened by U.S. HHS if she dared to report the
camps to the press or the public].
I was present many times when these
gringos called Julio [Salazar] asking to be sent a
"cherry girl" (a virgin)...
Jan. 09, 2003
Clinton says U.S. did
wrong in Central American wars
President Clinton admitted... to Guatemalans
that U.S. support for "widespread
repression" in their bloody 36-year civil
war was a mistake.
"For the United States, it is important that
I state clearly that the support for
military forces or intelligence units which
engaged in violent and widespread repression
... was wrong," Clinton said as he began a
round-table discussion on Guatemala's search
As Clinton spoke, several hundred
demonstrators outside Guatemala City's
National Palace could be heard accusing the
United States of complicity in the war, in
which 200,000 people died, mainly Mayan
commission last month told of
state-sponsored genocide and massacres in
one of the harshest rebukes of the horrors
of the conflict between the army and leftist
insurgents, which ended in 1996.
The commission also said U.S. military aid
and Central Intelligence Agency advisers
played a pivotal role in the bloodshed...
Al Menos Dos Millones de Latinoamericanos
son Víctimas del Tráfico de Personas, Dijo
la Organización Internacional para las
International Organization for Migration
(IOM): At least 2 million Latin Americans
are victims of trafficking each year.
mostly indigenous persons are enslaved
as agricultural and mining laborers,
primarily in Brazil, Peru y Bolivia.
Posted on Alianza Por Tus
En desventaja, niños mexicanos indocumentados
Mexico's undocumented migrant children are at a
disadvant-age for refugee benefits
Thousands of children cross alone
into the U.S. each year to escape child sex trafficking networks.
Many of the 80,000 Mexican children who cross from Mexico into the U.S. alone,
as undocumented immigrants, are fleeing abuse at home, or are escaping from
child prostitution rings. As such, they would possibly qualify for permission to
stay in the United States.
These children would be able to avail themselves of this opportunity if U.S.
Border Patrol officers would provide them with the appropriate interview form,
as federal law requires. Instead, these minors are typically deported in less
than 24 hours after their arrests.
July 3, 2008
Beyond Machismo - A Cuban Case Study
...All too often, we who are Hispanic
ethicists tend to identify oppressive structures of the dominant
Eurocentric culture while overlooking repression conducted within
our own community. I suggest that within the marginalized space of
the Latino/a community there exists intra-structures of oppression
along gender, race and class lines, creating the need for an ethical
initiative to move beyond, what Edward Said terms, "the rhetoric of
theologian and ethicist
Dr. Miguel de la Torre
Seis millones de niños muestran el rostro de
la violencia latinoamericana
Sumergida en la violencia la juventud latinoamericana·
Aproximadamente 80.000 pierden la vida por causa de ésta cada año
San José, Puerto Rico - El director regional para América
Latina y el Caribe de la Unicef, Nils Kastberg, manifestó en la
conferencia sobre Cultura de Paz y Prevención de la Violencia Juvenil
realizada en Costa Rica que, según estudios realizados en 17 países
latinoamericanos, "el 65 por ciento de los adolescentes se encuentran en
situación de violencia".
Six million children and youth live with
violence in Latin America
region’s youth are submerged in violence
Approximately 80,000 young people loose their lives to violence each
UNICEF’s regional director for Latin America and
the Caribbean, Nils Kastberg, said at a Costa Rican conference on
developing a culture of peace and preventing youth violence… that
studies conducted in 17 Latin American countries show that "65 percent
of adolescents live in situations of violence."
…Statistics show that about two million children
are sexually exploited in the region, and in half the cases, the abusers
are living with them, while 75 per cent of all abusers are relatives of
More than 5.7 million children between five and
14 years are economically active and approximately two million are
engaged in domestic service [a job where child sexual abuse is a
'traditional' and expected outcome.]
Latin America and the Caribbean… rank first [in the world]
in their rates of homicide impacting young people between the ages of 15 and 17. The rate is 37.7
per 100,000 for young men, and 6.5 young women per 100,000 inhabitants.
PrimeraHora.com / ADNmundo.com
Nov. 19, 2007
More than 500,000 cases of human trafficking exist
in Mexico - Teresa Ulloa
Mexico City - According to a report by the [Latin
American and Caribbean branch of the] Coalition Against Trafficking in
Women and Girls (CATW-LAC), more than five million women and girls are
victims of human trafficking in Latin America and the Caribbean, said
Teresa Ulloa Ziaurriz, director of the CATW-LAC. She added that… more
than 500,000 of these cases take place in Mexico…
[Note: These numbers take into account the seldom
discussed reality that annual figures of victims trafficked add to a
cumulative total... a population that never goes away, until they die an
early death from the diseases and torture that go with sexual
Colombia, according to official sources, is considered to
be the Latin American country most commonly used as a transit point for
women who were abducted for purposes of sexual exploitation in the
neighboring countries Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia…
According to specialists at End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography
and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT)
over 21,000 victims from Central America, for the most part children,
are forced into prostitution in 1,552 brothels and bars in the border
city of Tapachula, in Mexico's [southern] Chiapas state...
These girls are sold for a few dollars by traffickers, as outlined in
[an article in] Mexico's Contralínea magazine, which also
documented the fact that these mafia networks operate under the
protection of corrupt local and federal authorities...
Something similar happens in Argentina, where... the northwest of the
country is full of brothels that exploit young women held against their
will. The victims are subjected not only to sexual humiliation to
extreme violence, but also to being forced to take toxic substances to
make them more “agreeable” with the clients...
Jan. 11, 2008
An estimated 500,000 girls younger than 16 are in
prostitution in the northeast states of Argentina.
Report - The Protection Project, Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced
Trafficking in Colombian women to the Asian
continent has become “a true
threat for thousands of Colombian women who end up as slaves in Japan
and other countries
Trafficking in Colombian women to Japan began in the
1980s, when the Japanese
Mafia began to make incursions in Colombian territory and decided to set
up their center of operations in certain regions of the country...
Jan. 11, 2008
Expert: More than one million minors are sexually
exploited in Central Mexico
Tlaxcala city, in Tlaxcala state - Around 1.5 million
people in the central region of Mexico are engaged in prostitution, and
some 75% of them are between 12 and 13 years of age, reported Teresa
Ulloa, director of the Regional Coalition Against Trafficking in Women
and Girls in Latin America and the Caribbean.
During an international seminar in the city of Tlaxcala,
Ulloa noted that, due to the conditions of marginalization in which they
live, at least 50 million women and children in Latin America are at
risk of being recruited for sexual exploitation.
La Jornada de Oriente
Sep. 26, 2007
Impunity Fuels Violence Against Women
"Unfortunately, in Guatemala,
killing a woman is like killing a fly; no importance is assigned to it,"
complained local activist Hilda Morales, who argued that "the
perpetrators are encouraged to continue beating, abusing and killing
because they know that nothing will happen, that they won't be
Inter-Press Service (IPS)
Nov. 24, 2007
Surely, in the midst's of this chaos, in
an environment that is fomenting a continuous and growing wave of mass
sexual atrocities against women and children, the modern
anti-trafficking movement, with its hundreds of millions of dollars in
U.S. federal funding, can stand up and address Latin America as a
Level One Emergency among its vast
list of priorities.
End impunity now!
Added: Feb. 13, 2009
Magdalena García Durán
is a defender of indigenous rights. Like many members of the Other
Campaign, she went to Atenco May 4th, 2006 to show her support for
the People’s Front for the Defense of the Land (FPDT), the organization
under attack for courageously (and successfully) defending their lands
against a major airport expropriation and for defending the right of
flower vendors to work in [the city of] Texcoco.
Magdalena is one of the 214 people who were cruelly
tortured, raped, and arrested without a warrant by... police... that
Resolución de SCJN legitima Estado policíaco: FPDT
Otorga impunidad a agresores
Las y los ministros de la Suprema Corte de Justicia
de la Nación (SCJN) tuvieron en sus manos la oportunidad histórica de hacer
justicia a un pueblo donde se violaron de manera grave los derechos humanos y
las garantías individuales, durante el operativo policíaco del 3 y 4 de mayo de
2006, pero su resolución sobre el Caso Atenco no responsabiliza al gobernador
del Estado de México, Enrique Peña Nieto; a Eduardo Medina Mora, Miguel Ángel
Yunes, responsables de dichas acciones.
Así resume el Frente de Pueblos en
Defensa de la Tierra la resolución tomada hoy por la Corte, después
de 4 días de sesión, donde se discutió un dictamen elaborado por el
Quien pierde, dice el Frente en un
comunicado, es el pueblo de México, porque su resolución sólo otorga
impunidad a los represores y viene a legitimar la instauración de un
Estado policíaco, “tal como lo vemos en el uso recurrente del
Ejército Mexicano y de las fuerza pública en la llamada lucha contra
el crimen, así como en la confrontación con el movimiento social,
utilizando estrategias de contrainsurgencia para controlar a la
población y querer exterminar a las organizaciones como el Frente de
Pueblos en Defensa de la Tierra en Atenco”.
FPDT: Most Recent
Supreme Court resolution legitimizes 'police state' tactics
The Court's decision
grants impunity to the perpetrators
During its recent judicial review of the
of the case of Atenco, where on May 3rd and 4th of 2006, serious
violations of human rights and individual guarantees occurred
[perpetrated by police forces who beat and raped dozens of peaceful
female protesters during a demonstration and march], the Supreme
Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) had a historic opportunity to
bring justice [to the victims]. Instead, the Court decided to
exonerate the governor of the state of Mexico, Enrique Peña Nieto,
as well as federal Attorney General Eduardo Medina Mora and Miguel
Angel Yunes, head of Mexico's internal security apparatus. These
officials [in control of the local, state and federal police forces
involved] were responsible for the actions of their police agents
during the Atenco march.
This is the view that was recently
communicated in a press release from the People's Front for the
Defense of the Land [FPDT], in response to the Court's decision in
the Atenco case after four days of deliberation. [An FPDT protest
march was attacked during the events at Atenco].
The FPDT believes that in this Court
decision, the people of Mexico have lost, because the result
legitimizes the use of impunity in the establishment of a police
state... "as we have seen in the recurrent use of the Mexican Army
in the so-called fight against crime, as well as in its efforts to
confront social movements by using counter-insurgency strategies to
control the population. They want to wipe out organiza-tions like
the FPDT in Atenco."
The FPDT believes that the gross
violations of human rights that occurred at Atenco were not just
individual actions [by rogue policemen], but were part of official
...The FPDT: "This Supreme Court has
mocked the victims and Mexican history..."
Feb. 12, 2009
Atenco: Mexican police rape and assault women at street
Cobertura especial - Las Mujeres de Atenco -
una collecion de 48 articulos
CIMAC's collection of 48 articles from 2006 on
the violations of women's integrity and human rights at Atenco (in
Washington, DC, USA
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton Vows to Strengthen State
Dept. Anti-Slavery Efforts
Secretary of State nominee Hillary
Clinton pledged in her confirmation hearing that U.S.
anti-slavery efforts would be strengthened in the incoming Obama
This is welcome news for modern-day
abolitionists who believe America’s leadership in the
anti-slavery arena could lead other governments - eager to court
favor with the new Administration - to more aggressively step up
their efforts to go after human traffickers.
Clinton pledged in her testimony to
bring onboard a senior State Department official to head up
anti-slavery efforts. This official, she said, would be situated
nearby her own office - a seemingly minor point but to
anti-trafficking leaders, a decision of great significance.
Under President Bush, the State Dept. Office to Monitor and
Combat Trafficking in Persons (created in 2000) operated out of
a nondescript office building blocks away from the State
Department’s Foggy Bottom headquarters. Although Bush appointees
to the post of anti-trafficking “czar” received generally high
marks for raising the profile of anti-trafficking programs, most
observers felt that U.S. efforts to combat modern forms of
slavery were under-funded and well down the list of
Jan. 14th, 2009
The World /
Antonio Maria Costa
ONU: Muchas naciones carecen de medios
para combatir el tráfico de personas
A pesar de que más
países adoptaron leyes contra el este delito, 61 de las 155
naciones monitoreadas no registraron ni una condena sobre el
Un gran número de países en todo el
mundo carace aún de las herramientas necesarias para
identificar, reportar y perseguir el tráfico de personas,
denuncia un informe de las Naciones Unidas que será publicado
oficialmente este jueves.
A pesar de que más países adoptaron
leyes contra el tráfico de personas entre 2003 y 2008, 61 de las
155 naciones monitoreadas no han registrado ni una sola condena
en relación, señaló la Oficina contra la Droga y el Delito
(ONUDD) de las Naciones Unidas en su "Informe global de la trata
"O bien están ciegos ante el
problema, o están mal equipados para enfrentarlo", dice el
director ejecutivo de ONUDD Antonio Maria Costa en el informe...
Feb. 02, 2009
UN Says Human Trafficking Appears To Be Worsening
Three-quarters of those
exploited as modern-day slaves work in the sex industry.
In a new report, the United Nations says
human trafficking for the sex trade or forced labor market appears
to be getting worse, not better, because many countries aren't
paying attention to it.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and
Crime (UNODC) surveyed 155 countries for its report on modern-day
slavery, but didn't say how many people it believes are victims of
human trafficking. Estimates range from 800,000 new victims each
year, according to the U.S. State Department, to 2.5 million,
according to the International Labor Organization.
UNODC chief Antonio Maria Costa told a
news conference at UN headquarters in New York that
40 percent of the countries where the problem
exists have not convicted one person of trafficking charges.
percentage of the perpetrators of human trafficking are women, UNODC
chief Antonio Maria Costa says...
"According to the statistics, about 80
percent of these crimes are concentrated on sexual exploitation,"
Seventy-nine percent of slavery is for
sex, according to the UNODC, while about 18 percent is for forced
labor, forced marriages, or forced organ donation. And although the
victims of sex trafficking are usually women and girls, those in
charge of the trafficking are women, too.
February 13, 2009
Cuatro guatemaltecos y un mexicano culpables
de trata de personas
Cuatro [personas] fueron encontrados
culpables en Estados Unidos de tráfico de mujeres centroamericanas
para forzarlas a ser prostitutas en Los Angeles, y podrían recibir
sentencias de hasta cadena perpetua, informó el jueves el
Departamento de Justicia.
Las cinco personas, miembros de la misma
familia o vinculadas a ella, fueron encontradas culpables el
miércoles de conspiración, tráfico sexual por la fuerza, fraude o
coerción e importación de extranjeros con fines de prostitución,
indicó el comunicado del departamento.
Los acusados ofrecían a mujeres y niñas
pobres e indocumentadas en Centroamérica empleos en Estados Unidos,
y una vez en este país usaban amenazas, violencia física y hasta
violaciones para obligarlas a ejercer la prostitución. Controlaban a
las mujeres bajo amenaza de golpizas y de matar a familiares en sus
países de origen, y a algunas las encerraban bajo llave por las
Diario Las Americas
February 02, 2009
5 defendants convicted of sex trafficking for
forcing Guatemalan girls and women into prostitution
Los Angeles - Five defendants, all
members or associates of an extended family, face potential life
prison sentences after being found guilty this afternoon of
international sex trafficking for participating in a scheme that
lured young Central American women and girls into the Los Angeles
area and forced them into prostitution.
The case, which was prosecuted by the
Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division and the U.S.
Attorney's Office for the Central District of California, resulted
from a joint investigation by U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (ICE), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the
U.S. Department of Labor, Office of the Inspector General.
The defendants, four Guatemalan
nationals and one Mexican national, were convicted of conspiracy;
sex trafficking by force, fraud, or coercion; and importation of
aliens for purposes of prostitution. The jury in the case was unable
to reach unanimous verdicts on additional charges...
February 11, 2009
Tlaxcala: OSC exigen publicación de estudio que revela
Las organizaciones impulsoras de la Iniciativa Popular en Tlaxcala contra la
trata de personas manifestaron su indignación por las recientes declaraciones
del rector de la Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, autoridades de Tenancingo y
la Presidenta de la Comisión Estatal de Derechos Humanos en torno al delito de
Trata de Mujeres para la Prostitución en Tlaxcala, pues niegan que ocurra en la
por ello que sea publicado el Estudio sobre Trata de Mujeres en Tlaxcala,
entregado en diciembre pasado al Instituto Nacional de las Mujeres (Inmujeres) y
llevado a cabo bajo la coordinación de la doctora Patricia Olamendi, en el cual
se documenta la existencia del problema de trata en la entidad.
Tlaxcala: Anti-trafficking groups demand the public release of study and state
and local governments deny the existence of major sex trafficking networks
group of non profit organizations who created the
against trafficking in
state has expressed their outrage at recent statements by the rector of the
Autonomous University of Tlaxcala, government authorities in the city of
Tenancingo, and by the president of the Tlaxcala State Human Rights Commission.
These officials have all publicly denied that human trafficking exists in the
state Tlaxcala [state is a major center for child and adult sex trafficking in
The community activists demanded that officials release a study coordinated by
Dr. Patricia Olamendi, completed in December of 2008, in which the existence of
trafficking in the state was documented.
At the end of 2008 the president of the Federal District [Mexico City] Human
Rights Commission (CDHDF), Emilio Álvarez, attended a conference at the Center
for Continuing and Distance Education of Tlaxcala, part of the National
Polytechnic Institute. During a speech at the event, Álvarez stated that a study
by the CDHDF in regard to the commercial sexual exploitation of children in
Mexico City found that sex trafficking networks from the city of Tenancingo in
Tlaxcala were actively trafficking children into the capitol city.
In response, the Governor of Tlaxcala
Israel Ortiz Ortiz, a law professor at the Autonomous University of Tlaxcala]
dismissed the statements by chairman Álvarez of the CDHDF as being partisan in
nature. Recently the rector of the Autonomous University of Tlaxcala has
requested that the state human rights commission prove that high levels of sex
trafficking exist in the entity.
Local organizations working against sex trafficking point to the fact that the
president of the state human rights commission has publicly acknowledged the
problem, but she has blamed the victims for
the justice system’s failure to act in the matter.
In addition, the mayor of Tenancingo and coordinator of DIF [local branch of the
national social services agency] have both told the press that there is no
trafficking in their municipality, and that criminal prosecutions of the
are the result of slander and injustice.
[LibertadLatina note: The Tlaxcala-based Carreto Family was previously one of
the largest sex trafficking networks in Mexico]…
In response to these conflicting accounts of conditions in the state, non
governmental organization have demanded that the local authorities publicly
release the study by Dr. Olamendi.
They also demand that officials from state and local government cease their
attempts to minimize or even deny the existence and severity of the problem of
the trafficking in women for sexual exploitation in Tlaxcala, and that these
officials stop blaming trafficking victims for the lack of action by the
criminal justice system.
El Blog de Frida
La situación de trata de personas es cada vez mas evidente, uno foco rojo como
ya lo habíamos comentado con anterioridad es Tlaxcala, donde la trata de
personas y la prostitución infantil esta a la orden del día, la situación es que
si realmente alguno de los gobernantes o quienes pretenden llegar a tomar ese
poder estuvieran en la disposición de ayudar realmente a su pueblo pondrían ojos
en esos temas, pero es demasiado, es ir contra muchos intereses que sabemos les
perjudicarían a muchos, ¿incluidos a ellos?....
El Blog de
About the Carreto family
family sex-trafficking ring operated between Tenancingo, Tlaxcala, Mexico, and
Queens, New York, from 1991 to 2004 and involved brothels in the New York
metropolitan area. ICE began its investigation in December 2003 after the mother
of a trafficking victim reported to the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City that her
daughter had been kidnapped and was being held against her will in New York.
ICE discovered that
male members of the Flores-Carreto family romantically lured young Mexican women
to the United States, where they were forced into prostitution through beatings
and threats against their children, who were residing with the traffickers'
mother in México. Victims who became pregnant were forced to have abortions. In
April 2005, Josue Flores-Carreto, Gerardo Flores-Carreto and Daniel Perez
Alfonso, a brothel manager, were sentenced to 50, 50, and 25 years imprisonment
respectively, for multiple offenses related to forced prostitution.
In January 2007,
Mexico extradited Consuelo Carreto Valencia, the mother of the Carreto brothers,
to the United States, where she was charged with conspiring on sex trafficking
and related offenses. On July 22, 2008, she pled guilty to sex trafficking and
is pending sentencing for that crime...
Mexican woman [Consuelo
Carreto Valencia] pleads guilty to sex trafficking
- U.S. ICE
July 22, 2008
Sex Slavery Investigation in
New York City Nets Human Traffickers
Jim Kouri, CPP
April 24, 2005
Carreto Family Suspects Plead Guilty to All 27 Counts in New York City
Department of Homeland Security
April 5, 2005
Dirty Little Secret in
New York Daily News
April 4, 2005
Mexican Women Set to Testify
Against Alleged [Carreto] Sex Traffickers
The Associated Press
April 3, 2005
Rescued From The Shadows
Peter Van Sant
Feb. 23, 2005
Mexican officials arrest
suspects in New York-linked sex slavery ring
Feb. 23, 2004
The Girls Next Door
extensive article covering the brutal methods used by family-run Mexican Sex
Trafficking mafias, including the Carreto Family].
the Mexican traffickers abduct or seduce the women and young girls, it's not
other men who first indoctrinate them into sexual slavery but other women….
are the ones who exert violent force and psychological torture..."
- New York Times
Jan. 25, 2004
The actions of state and city officials in Tlaxcala state, of
denying the existence of human trafficking (and most importantly the
trafficking of children into forced prostitution) is reprehensible.
We look forward to the creative diplomatic efforts of U.S. President
Barak Obama, and Secretary of State Hilary Clinton in bringing about
real, practical protections for women and children facing rape,
kidnapping and sexual slavery with impunity.
The world's one surviving super-power cannot sit-by and let this
continue to happen in silence.
Those who deny this crisis in such an epicenter of child trafficking
as is Tlaxcala are behaving with the same rationale that Holocaust
deniers use. Only in the case of Mexico it is called femicide, and
it deserves to be called genocide against indigenous peoples with
Those at risk await our effective efforts to protect them from
End impunity now!
Global destinations for Dominican women
Nuevos destinos, según la Organización para las
Organización Internacional de las Migraciones (OIM), se estima que
aproximadamente 192 millones de personas viven fuera de su país de origen, lo
que indica que una de cada 35 personas en el mundo es migrante.
De acuerdo con la OIM, República Dominicana se ha convertido en un lugar de
origen, tránsito y destino para migrantes. Aproximadamente un millón y medio de
dominicanos viven en el exterior. Estados Unidos, Puerto Rico, España, Francia,
Italia, Alemania y Holanda siguen siendo los destinos favoritos y los mayores
receptores de legales criollos que emigran, en su mayoría, en procura de mejores
En los últimos años, sin embargo, se ha registrado un aumento considerable de
dominicanos que viajan legalmente a otros destinos considerados “no
tradicionales” en cuanto al número de residentes, entre ellos las islas del
Caribe (Curazao, San Martin, Antigua, Saint Thomas, Martinica, Guadalupe), Costa
Rica, Haití, Suiza, Argentina, Austria, Grecia, Israel y Brasil.
Lamentablemente, estos destinos “no tradicionales” llegan cargados de una
característica que no siempre le garantiza al migrante su sueño laboral. Y las
mujeres son las más afectadas.
Los datos de la OIM indican que República Dominicana ocupa el cuarto lugar entre
los diez países con mayor número de mujeres en el exterior, sólo superado por
Tailandia, Filipinas y Brasil, y según las últimas investigaciones del Centro de
Orientación e investigación Integral (COIN, 2008), “por lo menos una tercera
parte de las migrantes dominicanas en Europa, el Caribe y algunos países de
Latinoamérica ha sido víctimas de trata para fines de trabajo doméstico,
matrimonios serviles o explotación sexual”.
Dominican women seek to migrate and succeed
According to the International Organization
for Migration (IOM), an estimated 192 million people live outside
their country of origin, indicating that one in every 35 people in
the world is a migrant.
Santo Domingo - According to IOM, the Dominican Republic has become
a point of origin, transit and destination for migrants.
Approximately 1.5 million Dominicans live abroad. United States,
Puerto Rico, Spain, France, Italy, Germany and the Netherlands
remain the favorite destinations and the largest recipients of legal
Dominican migrants, who are for the most part migrating in search of
better economic conditions...
IOM data indicates that the Dominican Republic ranks fourth among
the ten countries with the highest numbers of women living abroad,
surpassed only by Thailand, the Philippines and Brazil. According to
recent research from the Center for Integral Orientation and
Investigation (COIN, 2008), "at least a third of Dominican migrants
in Europe, the Caribbean and some Latin American countries have been
trafficked for purposes of domestic labor, servile marriage or
This is not prostitution[but sexual exploitation]
Gina Gallardo, an educator and researcher at the IOM, finds it
appropriate to qualify the issue of prostitution when talking about
women who leave to work abroad.
Gallardo: "These women do not leave expecting to work as
prostitutes. Often they leave with a job offer from a supermarket or
a salon, for example. Ninety nine percent of these women do not
leave the country as a victim of trafficking. Trafficking is the end
result of this deception, and we should speak of sexual exploitation
instead of [intentional] prostitution...
...Although it may seen hard to believe, many young people from
remote [rural] provinces are easily deceived.
Gallardo: "The country is full of people wanting to improve their
economic situation. They cannot verify [whether a potential employer
is really planning to exploit them, or not]. Some women know that
they will be migrating for purposes of prostitution, but they don’t
know that they will be exploited [forced to work for free].”
Full English Translation
Feb. 06, 2009
30,000 Dominican women were tricked and forced into
30 mil Dominicanas viajaron engañadas
Marcos Gambibia, a Swiss Investigator for the International
Organization for Migration (IOM) has released a study that describes details of
sex trafficking from the Latin American country with the highest number of women
working in prostitution overseas...
The IOM study indicates that 29% of the 100,000 Dominican women
who engage in prostitution in Europe were actually offered legitimate jobs, were
then sent to Europe, and when they arrived they were forced into prostitution...
Sep. 14, 2005
least 50,000 Dominican women work as prostitutes abroad
EFE News Service
November 1, 2002
Congressional Deputy / Diputada
Guillermina López Balbuena
is a member of the Indigenous Affairs, Gender and
Equality and Migratory Affairs committees, and
the Special Committee on Discrimination [against new
populations of victims - addressing gay rights, etcetera.]
Cecilia Landerreche Gómez Morin,
head of Mexico's National System for Integral Family Develop-ment (DIF) -
Titular del DIF
Bio in English
En México 20 mil niños y adolescentes son víctimas de
Guillermina López Balbuena presentó una iniciativa de ley en la cámara baja para
hacer frente a la trata de personas y los delitos de explotación sexual en
20 mil adolescentes y niños son víctimas de explotación sexual
comercial en México, según datos del Sistema Nacional de Desarrollo Integral de
la Familia presentados hoy por la Cámara de los Diputados.
En un comunicado, el organismo informó hoy de que la diputada
Guillermina López Balbuena presentó una iniciativa de ley en la cámara baja para
hacer frente a la trata de personas y los delitos de explotación sexual con
menores y jóvenes.
La iniciativa pretende reformar dos leyes relacionadas con la
trata de personas y los derechos de los niños, e introducir cambios al Código
Penal Federal para hacer frente a esos delitos…
Datos de la Red por los Derechos de la Infancia en México citados en el boletín
indican que en este país existen 3.5 millones de niños trabajadores, de los
cuales 170 mil viven y trabajan en las calles.
La misma organización sostiene que, entre ellos, hay unos 16
mil que viven en zonas indígenas que son explotados sexual y comercialmente.
Otro estudio de la Coalición Regional contra el Tráfico de
Mujeres y Niñas en América Latina y el Caribe indica que un total de 250
mil mujeres y niñas ejercen la prostitución en la capital mexicana, el 82 por
ciento de las cuales son analfabetas…
In Mexico, 20 thousand children and adolescents
are victims of sexual exploitation
Congressional Deputy Guillermina López
Balbuena has introduced a bill in the lower house to deal with human trafficking
and crimes of sexual exploitation in Mexico
An estimated 20,000 children and adolescents are victims of
commercial sexual exploitation in Mexico, according to data from the National
System for Integral Family Development [the DIF federal social services agency]
presented today by the Chamber of Deputies [equivalent of the U.S. House of
In a press release, the DIF reported today that Deputy
Guillermina López Balbuena [representing part of Puebla state in the PRI Party]
has introduced a bill in the lower house to deal with human trafficking and
sexual exploitation offenses involving minors and youth.
The initiative seeks to amend two existing laws related to
trafficking and child rights, and changes the Federal Penal Code to deal with
The Network for the Rights of Children in Mexico stated that
there are 3.5 million child workers in the nation, of whom 170,000 are living
and working in the streets.
The DIF analysis also shows that there are approximately 16,000
children living in indigenous areas who are subject to sexual and labor
Another study, by the Regional Coalition Against Trafficking in
Women and Girls in Latin America and the Caribbean (CATW), indicates that a
total of 250,000 women and girls survive through
prostitution in Mexico City. Some 82% of them are illiterate.
Congressional members stated that many of these people arrive in
the capital city through "deception, fraud, sale, coercion, force and abduction
(kidnapping)." The majority of them are from the states of Puebla, Tlaxcala,
Veracruz, Chiapas and Oaxaca [all heavily indigenous
EFE / El Universal
Feb. 07, 2009
See also / Vea
Sufren explotación sexual 20 mil niños y
adolescentes en el DF
a related article on the same press conference:
nine percent of prostituted women and girls in Mexico City started
at the ages of 12 or 13. Some 88% of them are from outside
Feb. 07, 2009
This 7-year-old indigenous girl from Mexico
is today being sold in prostitution by her own mother
Notes from an
anti-trafficking activist and minister working in Mexico.
"I was finally able to confront a mom who is allowing/
encouraging her 7 year old daughter to give oral sex for 100
pesos or $10...I would love to bring justice to the mom and
I promised her if I ever saw it again I would. I don't know
that was enough to end it but it was enough to send them
both home on a bus today."
Sep. 8, 2008
Mexican society has condoned the criminal sexual exploitation of
indigenous women and children for five centuries. The rape and even
the murder of an indigenous woman or child carries with it little or
no legal penalty in Mexico, or, for that matter, across much of
Latin America. For that reason, rapists, kidnappers and organized
sex traffickers find easy targets among the women and girls of this
Today, billion dollar drug cartels, Japanese yakuzas and youth gangs
kidnap, rape and sell into sexual slavery thousands of indigenous
women, girls and boys.
The victim community extends beyond the indigenous population, but
rest assured that in the few cases where the laws against
exploitation are enforced, those acts do not benefit indigenous
We applaud federal Deputy Guillermina López Balbuena
for introducing legislation to fix deficiencies in the current
anti-trafficking law, a groundbreaking federal act that President
Felipe Calderón has refused, (despite four warnings from Congress
since the summer of 2008) to implement, by his withholding of the
publishing of the required regulations.
We also salute Cecilia Landerreche Gómez Morin,
director of the federal DIF social services agency, for highlighting
the plight of indigenous children, in a Mexican society that today
ignores and exploits them in unspeakable ways.
¡Basta ya con la corupcion y la
Enough with corruption... end impunity
Teen's arranged marriage is allowed in native Mexico
A Monterey County father who allegedly tried to
collect a dowry of beer, cash and meat for his 14-year-old daughter's wedding
was following the custom of the Triqui people, police say.
The police in Greenfield, a Monterey County farm
town, had heard the rumors before: Migrant workers from rural Mexico were
marrying off daughters as young as 12 and receiving sizable dowries...
Marcelino de Jesus MartinezMarcelino de Jesus
Martinez, 36, is in Monterey County Jail, charged with crimes related to an
alleged attempt to set up a marriage for his 14-year-old daughter. According to
police, he complained to them when the 18-year-old would-be groom failed to come
up with the $16,000, 100 cases of beer, meat and other items he promised as a
The case has generated headlines worldwide -- "Man
Sells Daughter for Beer!" -- and raised the blood pressure of activists on all
sides of the immigration debate.
In Greenfield, Police Chief Joe Grebmeier has been
swamped, explaining to reporters from Australia to Croatia that his initial
description of the incident as "human trafficking" was ill-advised.
"There was no force, fear or coercion," he said.
"What we're dealing with now is a difference in cultures. All of this would have
been perfectly legal where they came from."
The people involved are Mexican immigrants from
rural Oaxaca. They are members of a tight-knit indigenous group called the
Triqui, several thousand of whom live in Greenfield, depending on the season.
But culture clash or not, Grebmeier said, he was
compelled to enforce the law. He said he had appeared at community meetings to
warn recent immigrants against pursuing underage marriages. And when his
department looked into reports about the 14-year-old girl, finding a matchmaker
and "documents used in the negotiation," he acted.
"I'm tasked with protecting my community, and
14-year-old girls need a lot of protection," he said.
Whether 14-year-olds can legally marry in Oaxaca --
or whether young girls would have a real choice -- is an open question.
UCLA sociologist Gaspar Rivera, a native of Oaxaca,
said he believed the legal age of consent is 16, but he has heard of girls as
young as 12 being wed. He doubted that underage unions in isolated communities
would be prosecuted.
"There would be no legal ramifications as long as
all parties are in consent," said Rivera, project director for UCLA's Center for
Labor Research and Education. "The villages have a high degree of autonomy, with
little or no intervention from state and federal authorities.
...However, Andres Garcia, a fieldworker who lives
in Greenfield, said he knew of several arranged Triqui marriages involving 16-
and 17-year-olds in the last five years. The food and drink included in dowries
is generally for the wedding celebration, and cash is intended to support any
children if the bridegroom leaves...
Johnson said her office was weighing statutory rape
charges against the daughter's boyfriend, Margarito de Jesus Galindo of
The girl had moved in with him before her father
allegedly complained to authorities about the dowry, police said. The age of
consent in California is 18.
In the end, no marriage was performed, lawyers on
both sides say.
Ruben Vives Contributing
Los Angeles Times
Jan. 15, 2009
/ Vea tambien:
Arranged marriages of underage girls, beginning at age 11, are
commonplace in southern Mexico's indigenous regions, including the
adjoining states of Puebla, Oaxaca, Guerrero and Chiapas. These
areas of the nation are also centers for mass-migration from South
and Central America, and are focal points for Mexico's vast
international child sex trafficking 'industry' that relies upon
kidnapping and deceit to obtain the 'raw materials' for its
lucrative product line of young women and underage girls.
Sex trafficking gangs routinely 'marry' very young girls and then
sell them to brothels and international human slavery operations for
'export' to the United States, Japan and Europe.
Migrant men from these regions, working as farm laborers across
California, are also major exploiters of underage sex trafficking
victims [some as young as age 7] who are kidnapped and brought into
San Diego County and other rural areas to 'serve' this population
(while having their own human lives degraded and shortened).
Sex Trafficking of Children in San Diego County, California
Reyna began revealing her
story. She was from Puebla, Mexico. She had barely finished
second grade. Her mother died when she was seven years old.
Reyna was then supported by her grandmother, who also died.
After that, her father was left in charge of her. One day,
when she was 11, her own father gave her as a gift to a
local police chief who raped her without end.
After having been so neglected,
and with a baby now in her arms, Reyna met Arturo Lopez,
from the town of Atlixco in the state of Puebla. Arturo,
after pretending to fall in love with her, convinced Reyna
to work as a servant in the United States, for which Arturo
recommended that she leave her baby with some of his
relatives. Reyna had no other options, so she accepted the
Reyna was taken to Tijuana, and
while she waited to be crossed over the border, she was
forced, with threats that her baby would be killed, to
prostitute herself in the red zone known as "la Coahuila."
She was finally transported across the U.S. border by a
coyote, Alonso Sapien, also known as "El Chivero."
In San Diego, Reyna came to
live in a neighborhood in Vista where she found other girls
like her. A week later she found herself in the sexual
exploitation camps for farm workers.
"The real horror is in the
sheer number of men that, at the age of 15, Reyna was forced
to serve as a prostitute. In one hour she had to serve 20
men, and they made her work from 8 AM until 2 in the
Jan. 12, 2003
Ejecutarán Plan cantonal contra trata 2009-02-03
Se firmó un convenio de cooperación internacional entre la Organización
Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM) y el Consejo Cantonal de la Niñez y
Este acuerdo tiene la finalidad de que se haga
efectivo y ejecute el Plan cantonal contra la explotación sexual, comercial y
trata de niños, niñas y adolescentes que se aprobó en Cuenca, informó Catalina
Mendoza, secretaria ejecutiva del Consejo de la Niñez.
El convenio tiene cuatro ejes de acción, el primero
es realizar una investigación sobre los factores que impulsan la demanda de
trata de personas.
Este delito está configurado por una serie de
situaciones como la explotación sexual comercial, explotación laboral,
utilización para mendicidad, extracción de órganos para venta ilegal, y
utilización de seres humanos para la explotación y servidumbre, indica.
Todas estas situaciones configuran lo que el Código
Penal determina como delito de trata de personas.
Ecuador and IOM develop county-based anti-trafficking effort
An agreement to
fight human trafficking has been signed
between the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and
Ecuador's Counties Council for Childhood and Adolescence.
According to Catalina Mendoza, Ecuador's Executive Secretary of the
Child, the agreement aims to work at the county level against the
commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking of children and
adolescents. The pact was signed in the city of Cuenca.
agreement has four main areas of action. The initial step will
involve a research investigation into the factors that are driving
the demand for trafficking.
Catalina Mendoza stated that the criminal code defines human
trafficking as including situations that involve commercial sexual
exploitation, labor exploitation, using a person for begging, organ
extraction and the illegal sale and use of human beings for
exploitation and servitude.
Feb. 04, 2009
Rodrigo Johanning Quesada
En Fuga Abogado Costarricense Condenado A 10 Años De Prision
Delitos: Tráfico de personas menores de edad, Delitos de Carácter Internacional
y Tenencia Ilegítima de menores para adopción.
Rodrigo Johanning Quesada, abogado costarricense,
que fue condenado en el año 2006 y cuya sentencia quedó en firme el 1 de abril
del 2008 ha sido declarado en fuga por las autoridades costarricenses.
Johanning fue sentenciado junto a Carlos Hernán
Robles por los delitos de Tráfico de personas menores de edad, Delitos de
Carácter Internacional y Tenencia Ilegítima de menores para adopción, delitos
por los que debería de descontar 10 años de prisión, sin embargo esto no ha
sucedido porque el sujeto está libre.
En el mes de Setiembre del año 2003 se realizo un
allanamiento en una casa-cuna en San José donde las autoridades encontraron 9
niños, de origen guatemalteco, quienes iban a ser dados en adopción de manera
Man sentenced to 10 years in prison
has become a fugitive
Rodrigo Johanning Quesada, a Costa Rican lawyer who
was convicted in 2006 and whose sentence was pronounced on April 1, 2008 has
been declared a fugitive by Costa Rican authorities.
Johanning was sentenced along with Carlos Hernan
Robles for the crimes of trafficking of minors, international crimes and illegal
possession of children for adoption, for which crimes he was sentenced to 10
years in prison.
In September 2003 police conducted a raid on a 'crib
house' [a house where kidnapped... especially Mayan
children are literally "fatted-up" before being sold to foreigners in adoption]
in San Jose where authorities found 9 children of Guatemalan origin, who were to
be given up for adoption erratically.
Alianza Por Tus Derechos (Alliance for Your
Feb. 04, 2009
En Tamaulipas, sigue en aumento niños que viven en la calle
Aunque aún no se ha dado a conocer el resultado del estudio de las 100 ciudades,
el número de menores en circunstancias especialmente difíciles en tres años aquí
en Tamaulipas ha tenido un aumento de seis mil 800 niños.
Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas - Tita Eugenia Pérez
Montemayor, coordinadora del programa Meced del sistema DIF Tamaulipas, dio a
conocer que dicho aumento ha pasado de diez mil 700 menores, en 2005, a más de
17 mil 500 del año pasado.
Señaló que la atención va en aumento y paralelamente el DIF Tamaulipas, ha
tratado cada año de abarcar a más menores, “porque a lo mejor los menores
estaban desde 2005, pero se está tratando en ampliar la cobertura y cada vez
proponer estrategias más a doc. (Sic) a lo que ellos necesitan”.
Pérez-Montemayor apuntó que quizá en la frontera y en el sur hay mayor
incidencia de menores en calle que en el centro del estado.
Tamaulipas sees an increasing number
of children living on the street
Although the results of a recent
survey have not been formally released, the number of children living in
especially difficult circumstances in three years here in Tamaulipas has grown
Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas - Tita Eugenia Perez
Montemayor, coordinator for the MECED program of the Tamaulipas DIF [government
social services] system, has announced an increase in the numbers of children
who are facing severe poverty, from 10,700 children in 2005 to over 17,500 last
Perez Montemayor noted that levels of services are
increasing and parallel with the increase. DIF Tamaulipas has attempted to cover
more children each year...
Perez-Montemayor said that it is likely that there
is a greater incidence of street children at the [U.S.] border and in the south,
than in the center of the state.
Feb. 02, 2009
The Mexican Gulf Coast state of
Tamaulipas includes the city of Matamoras, at the U.S. border
crossing of Brownsville, Texas. Matamoros is a known center for
child sex trafficking, were U.S. male sex tourists cross the border
to exploit poor children.
Feb. 06, 2009
Solapada por policías, florece en Matamoros la
Los menores se hacen pasar por vendedores o
limpiaparabrisas; la tarifa, de $50 a 30 dólares
"A cambio de unos pesos" permiten a
niños trabajar la calle; extranjeros, principales clientes
Matamoros, Tams., 1º de septiembre. Niños de la calle que se
hacen pasar por limpiavidrios, vendedores de flores o mendigos se prostituyen en
los cruceros de esta ciudad, donde ofrecen sus servicios sexuales, sobre todo a
Shielded by the police, child prostitution
flourishes in Matamoros
Minors at U.S. border crossings pretend to
work as car window washers, and charge $30 to $50 for sex. [U.S.] foreigners are
their main customers.
Boys and girls between the ages of 9 and 14 sell sex near
border with Texas to large numbers of older men from the U.S. Local
police collect bribes from the children, while courts allow arrested 'johns' to
pay a fine when they are caught.
Some of these
children engage in prostitution to support their families, others do
it to support drug habits.
Julia Antonieta Le Duc
Sep. 02, 2005
Crece Sin Control la Prostitución Infantil en
Child Prostitution Grows Out of Control
In parts of the city where one would not imagine it being, in
dark alleys and along downtown streets, be it morning or afternoon, child
prostitution is increasing. This is occurring while government agencies do
nothing to recognize the seriousness of the problem, and nobody punishes those
responsible for the increased sexual exploitation of girls and boys in this
Julia Antonieta Le Duc
April 03, 2005
Capturada por trata de personas
Estaba condenada a 13 años de
En la carrera 21 con calle 26 de Armenia agentes del
grupo de capturas del Cuerpo Técnico de Investigación, CTI, de la fiscalía,
capturaron a Rosa Elvira Ardila Álvarez, de 32 años de edad, quien se encontraba
solicitada por la justicia mediante orden de captura vigente...
“Ardila Álvarez se encontraba solicitada por el
Juzgado Segundo de Ejecución de Penas y Medidas de Aseguramiento de Armenia para
que cumpliera una condenada a 13 años de prisión que le habían impuesto por el
delito de trata de personas”, aseguraron fuentes de la fuerza pública.
Convicted human trafficker is
Agents of the Technical Investigation Corps have
arrested Rosa Elvira Ardila Alvarez, age 32, on an outstanding warrant.
Ardila Alvarez had been sought by the Second Court
of Execution of Sentences in Armenia, so that she could begin serving a 13 year
prison sentence for human trafficking.
Feb. 04, 2009
Sentenciado a 30 años de prisión por pornografía infantil
El puertorriqueño Mariano Claudio, de 50 años, fue sentenciado a 30 años de
prisión por posesión y producción de pornografía infantil, informó hoy el
Servicio de Inmigración y Aduanas (ICE) de EE.UU. en San Juan.
Claudio había sido arrestado por agentes del ICE en
noviembre de 2006 después de que se encontraran en su residencia de Bayamón,
ciudad aledaña a San Juan, numerosos discos duros de computadora que contenían
"imágenes explícitas de pornografía infantil".
Puerto Rican man sentenced to 30
years in prison for possession and production of child porn
San Juan - A 50-year-old
predator was sentenced in federal court to 30 years
in prison for possession and production of child
pornography following a U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (ICE) investigation.
Mariano Claudio, of
Bayamon, Puerto Rico, was arrested by ICE special
agents in November 2006 after a search of his
residence resulted in the seizure of several
computer hard disks and other electronic storage
media devices containing explicit images of child
According to the
indictment, Claudio persuaded, induced and enticed a
14-year-old female minor to engage in sexually
explicit conduct, specifically, lascivious
exhibition of the genital and pubic areas for the
purpose of producing a visual depiction of such
conduct. He pleaded guilty to the possession
and production of child pornography charges in
Feb. 02, 2009
Seguirá la investigación de la trata de personas
El megaoperativo contra la prostitución realizado el
fin de semana en Rincón de los Sauces sería el puntapié inicial de una
investigación judicial más profunda sobre la trata de personas en la provincia,
un fenómeno que hasta el gobierno admite que existe.
El equipo de fiscales encabezados por Sandra
González Taboada sigue en Rincón, donde desembarcó el sábado pasado con el apoyo
de al menos 300 policías de toda la provincia para allanar los centros de
diversión nocturna de la localidad.
Una decena de cabarets, pubs y confiterías fueron
allanados entre las 22 del sábado y la tarde del domingo. Los procedimientos
incluyeron varias viviendas de personas involucradas con la prostitución.
Investigations will continue in
human trafficking case
A large-scale police operation against prostitution
conducted this past weekend in Rincon de los Sauces was the kick-off of a deeper
investigation on human trafficking in the province, a phenomenon that even the
government admits exists.
A team of prosecutors headed by Sandra Gonzalez
Taboada remains in Rincon, where they arrived last Saturday with the support of
at least 300 police officers from across the province to raid the nightlife
Ten cabarets, pubs and tearooms were among the 22
locations raided on Saturday and Sunday afternoon. Raids were also conducted at
the homes of suspects.
Feb. 04, 2009
Menor condenado por difusión de pornografía
Mostró video porno a dos niños
Un adolescente fue condenado por difusión de
pornografía, según el fallo del Juzgado Penal Juvenil de San José.
El menor no irá a prisión, pero deberá someterse a
un programa de rehabilitación que ofrece Adaptación Social, del Ministerio de
Justicia, para menores infractores.
La información fue confirmada ayer por la periodista
María Isabel Hernández, de la oficina de prensa del Poder Judicial. No se reveló
la identidad del condenado por tratarse de un menor.
El delito atribuido al adolescente fue cometido en
perjuicio de dos niños de siete y nueve años.
Underage teen is convicted of
distributing child pornography
Teen showed a pornographic
video to two young children
Maria Isabel Hernandez, the press officer of the
Judiciary in the capitol city, has announced that the Juvenile Court in San Jose
has convicted a teenager for disseminating child pornography.
The minor will not go to jail but must undergo a
rehabilitation program that offered by the social rehabilitation program for
juvenile offenders, offered by the Ministry of Justice
The crime involved two children, ages seven and
Feb. 04, 2009
New York, USA
Cops on hunt for suspect in brutal rape in East Harlem
Cops are hunting for a brutal rapist who stalked an
East Harlem laundermat employee into her workplace and attacked her, police
The 38-year-old victim was working alone in the
laundermat and did not notice when a man followed her inside the empty store at
7:15 a.m. Tuesday, police said...
The video shows that the victim was screaming and
struggling until a customer walked into the Second Ave. laundermat with a bag of
clothes, scaring off the rapist. The attacker then ran from the store...
East Harlem residents were shaken up to learn of the
"It makes me nervous to hear something like that,"
said Denise Rivera, 44. "I hope they catch the person ... it scares me to think
they have a rapist running around over here."
"Nothing like that ever happens around here," said
Mercedes Torres, 80. "I'm scared, very scared to hear that."
Images of the suspect - a Latino man in his 30s
wearing a black jacket, blue jeans, gray hat and white, hooded sweatshirt - were
captured on the video and released to the public.
Alison Gendar and Jonathan Lemire
New York Daily News
Feb. 4, 2009
Barrendero acusado de pornografía infantil
La colonia Ampliación San Francisco destaca por su pobreza. El hombre tenía
material en video y fotografías al lado de las menores, a las cuales también
captaba drogándose. Imprimía las fotos en un laboratorio del bulevar López
Un barrendero de 62 años de edad, vecino de la
colonia Ampliación San Francisco, fue detenido por agentes de la Procuraduría de
Justicia del Estado acusado de pornografía infantil.
De acuerdo con indagatorias, a cada una de sus
víctimas, todas ellas menores de 13 a 15 años de edad vecinas de la misma
colonia, presuntamente les pagaba desde 100 pesos por tener relaciones sexuales
con él, las fotografiaba en el acto y las drogaba.
“Estamos hablando de al menos diez víctimas menores
de edad, él declaró que lo hacía desde hace varios años, y que como él les
pagaba no creía que fuera un delito”, dijo el Subprocurador Carlos Zamarripa.
Street sweeper charged with child
The neighborhood of San
Francisco colony is notable for its poverty. The man had photographs and video
of him with underage girls.
A 62-year-old street sweeper has been arrested by
State's Attorney's agents and is being charged with crimes involving child
According to investigations, each of the victims,
all of them girls between 13 to 15, was allegedly paid at least 100 pesos to
have sex with the defendant. He photographed them in the act, as well as in the
act of taking drugs.
"We are talking about at least ten victims who are
minors. The accused stated that he had engaged in this type activity for several
years, and thought that because he paid the girls, his acts were not criminal,"
said Deputy prosecutor Carlos Zamarripa.
Feb. 04, 2009
Send us an...
Insiste México en negar justicia a víctimas de
violación en Atenco
Pide a la CIDH
que no admita 11 casos de 26 mujeres violadas
México, DF - El gobierno mexicano pidió a la
Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
(CIDH), que no admita el caso de 11 de las 26
mujeres, que fueron víctimas de violación
sexual, durante los operativos del 3 y 4 de mayo
de 2006 en Texcoco y San Salvador Atenco, porque
las instancias nacionales "aún lo están
Además insistió en que las peticionarias han
tenido diversas vías y recursos legales para
acceder a la justicia. Con esta respuesta, el
Estado mexicano no reconoce los hechos ocurridos
hace cuatro años y tampoco acepta su
responsabilidad en ellos, dijo en conferencia de
prensa, Jaqueline Sáenz, abogada del Centro de
Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez
(Centro Prodh), asociación que lleva estros
casos ante el sistema interamericano.
Aunque en febrero de 2009, la Suprema Corte de
Justicia de la Nación (SCJN), reconoció que en
los operativos de 2006, se cometieron graves
violaciones a derechos humanos; y pese a que el
30 de junio de este año, este mismo tribunal
ordenó la liberación de 12 presos políticos que
participaron en esos hechos, el Estado mexicano
sigue negando la justicia para 11 mujeres
Mexico insists upon
denying justice to the victims of rape at Atenco
Mexico City - The government of Mexico has asked
the Inter-American Human Rights Commission
(IAHRC) to reject consideration of the case of
11 women [from among a total of 26 women
victims] who were raped or otherwise sexually
assaulted by police officers during a law
enforcement operation carried out on May 3rd and
4th of 2006 in the adjoining cities of Texcoco
and San Salvador de Atenco, in the state of
Mexico. The federal government of Mexico cites
the fact that it is still investigating the case
[4 years after the events occurred] as the
justification for requesting that the IAHRC deny
the petition by the victims and their attorneys.
In addition, Mexican officials insisted that the
petitioners have had access to a range of legal
avenues within Mexico.
According to Jaqueline Sáenz, a lawyer with the
Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Human Rights Center
(ProDH), which represents the victims, the
government of Mexico has, through its response
to the IAHRC, refused to acknowledge or accept
any responsibility for the events that occurred
four years ago in Atenco.
Mexico takes this position despite the fact that
the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation
(SCJN) has recognized that grave human rights
violations that occurred during the 2006 police
operation, and has acted to free 12 political
prisoners who participated in protest activities
at the event. Nonetheless, Mexico's federal
government continues to deny justice for the 11
women sexual assault victims who were willing to
seek justice in this case.
Following public protests resulting from a local
government ban on allowing flower vendors to
work on city streets, a confrontation erupted
between protesters and a combined force of
federal and state police. The conflict resulted
in 211 protesters being detained. Some 47 of
those arrested were women. Twenty six women were
raped or sexually abused by police officers. Of
that group, 13 filed formal complaints, and 11
victims were willing to proceed with the case
that is now being considered by the IAHRC.
Sáenz stated that, after seeing that the federal
investigation into victim's legal complaints was
not progressing, the 11 victims of sexual
torture, accompanied by lawyers from ProDH and
the International Center for Justice and the
Rule of Law (CEJIL), decided to petition the
IAHRC on April 29, 2008.
The IAHRC forwarded the petition to the
government of Mexico, and allowed for a two
month response period. Mexico did not respond
within the time limit, and requested an
extension. They finally submitted their response
on July 23, 2010.
Mexico's response to the petition, which was
received by the ProDH Center on September 1,
2010, stated that the investigation into the
Atenco case was still open. In addition, the
response completely absolved the five policemen
who were accused of abuse of authority, despite
the fact that the victim's petition before the
IAHRC accuses the five men of torture.
Sáenz noted that, consistent with their response
to the IAHRC, Mexico denies that any human
rights violations occurred at Atenco in their
discussions with international organizations.
Since July of 2009, when the federal Special
Prosecutor's Office for Violent Crimes Against
Women and Human Trafficking (FEVIMTRA), declined
to investigate the case, referring it instead to
the Attorney General of Mexico State [were
Texcoco and Atenco are located], no follow-up
action has been taken by authorities, because
the preliminary investigation file was quite
large, and it is still being revised.
Mexico's response to the IAHRC petition by the
victims included a list upcoming investigatory
activities that the Mexico State prosecutors
will carry out. The list includes a plan to
solicit interviews with the victims, despite the
fact that the victims have been adequately
interviewed in the past. State prosecutors also
plan to evaluate the case in the context of the
Istanbul Protocol on Torture [to evaluate
whether the case meets the Istanbul standard for
torture], despite the fact that this process ahs
already been completed, and the results indicate
that the case does meet the Istanbul criteria
for defining acts of torture.
On October 1, 2010, Sáenz declared, the ProDH
Center and CEJIL submitted a document to the
IAHRC in which they provide their observations
in regard to Mexico's response to the Atenco
case petition. They state, among other things,
that although they have not exhausted all legal
avenues available within Mexico, it is also true
that Mexico is not conducting a serious and
impartial investigation, and that therefore, the
Atenco petition should be admitted before the
In response to this series of events, Bárbara
Italia Méndez, one of the victims and a
petitioner in the case, observed that the
Mexican government response to the petition was
a slap in the face to the victims. In addition,
she said, the response shows the lack of justice
involved, given that the five accused assailants
were absolved of any wrongdoing.
Italia Méndez added that she will continue
participating in the case, although she knows
that the road will be a long one, thanks to the
fact that "the responsible authorities continue
to lie," and especially the governor of Mexico
State, who had ordered the police crackdown on
protesters, and who, after the assaults took
place, declared that he would repeat his actions
if he had to do it again.
For the victims of sexual torture, the most
recent ray of hope has been the Inter-American
Court of Human Rights decision in favor of
indigenous women Valentina Rosendo Cantú and
Inés Fernández Ortega, who were raped by Mexican
Army soldiers [in 2002]. That decision, she
said, puts the issue of sexual violence against
women back on the table.
Oct. 07, 2010
May 16, 2009
Mujeres de Atenco, tortura
sexual e impunidad
México DF - El Estado mexicano violó sus
garantías individuales. Fueron agredidas con
golpes en todo el cuerpo, despojadas de su ropa,
violentadas sexualmente, mordidas, pellizcadas…
les cubrieron el rostro, les introdujeron dedos
y objetos anal y vaginalmente, las violaron, las
humillaron, las insultaron, las amenazaron de
muerte y finalmente se les negó la asistencia
ginecológica para que no pudieran demostrar la
Women of Atenco - sexual
torture and impunity
...Of the 20 accused policemen, none has been
sent to prison. Only officer Doroteo Blas
Marcelo, a rapist, was convicted for "libidinous
Ana Maria Rodriguez
Velasco, was forced to perform oral sex. She was
able to recognize her torturer because when he
finished, he yanked her by the hair, looked in
her face, and said: “Now swallow it, bitch!”
Judge Tomás Santana Malvaez sentenced officer Blas Marcelo to pay a fine
of only 1,877 Mexican pesos (US $142 dollars).
The judge pardoned Blas Marcelo from paying
reparations to the victim...
Full English Translation
News for Women
May 12, 2009
Rape and Assault
Women at Street Protest in the city of San
Ulloa, director of the Coalition
Against Trafficking in Women and
Girls for Latin America and the
a la cabeza en lucha contra trata de personas:
El Distrito Federal va a la cabeza en la lucha
contra la trata de personas en el país, pues ha
dado pasos importantes como los últimos rescates
de mujeres y niñas de hoteles donde eran
explotadas sexualmente, reconoció Teresa Ulloa.
La directora regional de la Coalición Contra el
Tráfico de Mujeres y Niñas para América Latina y
el Caribe (CATWLAC, por sus siglas en inglés)
afirmó en entrevista que la ciudad de México
también cuenta con un plan que integra políticas
públicas en la materia.
La activista, nominada al Premio de Derechos
Humanos de las Naciones Unidas 2005 y al Premio
de Derechos Humanos del gobierno de Suiza,
indicó que en los últimos tres años la capital
del país ha mostrado un esfuerzo y se ha
preocupado más por atacar la trata de
Mexico City's government
leads the way in Mexico's fight against human
According to Teresa Ulloa, director of the
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women and Girls
for Latin America and the Caribbean, the local
government of Mexico City has taken the
initiative to become the nation's leader in
taking action to combat modern human slavery. In
recent months, city police and prosecutors have
raided a number of hotels that were fronts for
sex trafficking rings that exploited women and
During an interview Ulloa said that Mexico City
has also developed an integrated plan of action
to address the problem of trafficking. She added
that during the past three years, the city's
leaders have shown that they are willing to
aggressively confront traffickers. City
prosecutors have committed to bringing
trafficking cases to court. However, [the
attitudes of] judges continue to be a major
obstacle to their success.
Ulloa added that Mexico City is a major transit
and distribution center for trafficked women and
girls. Sex tourism exists, but is completely
clandestine. Sexual services are sold in
'packages' on the Internet.
The trafficking law that was passed by the
Legislative Assembly of the Federal District
[Mexico City] has flaws, and is not consistent
with international protocols against human
trafficking, especially in the area of criminal
prosecution, said Ulloa. It is seen as being of
limited effectiveness because of these flaws.
Ulloa declared that both Mexico City and Mexico
as a whole have yet to come to understand that
human trafficking involves a multi-faceted set
of crimes that express themselves in diverse
Ulloa noted that human trafficking networks in
Mexico are moving fast to adapt to change, and
are always one step ahead of society's attempts
to implement policies and actions to combat
The Mexico City government has made tremendous
efforts to fight trafficking, said Ulloa, but
they have been hampered in their efforts at
prosecution by inadequate laws. Nonetheless,
city prosecutors has won four convictions
against trafficking defendants, while the
federal government has achieved only one
conviction at the national level.
Mexico City's trafficking law "is not very good,
it requires modification, but in general it has
allowed authorities to rescue women and girls,
and it is being enforced by officials who are
motivated to combat trafficking" said Ulloa.
Ulloa stated that, at the federal level, a need
exists to establish effective, integrated
strategies in regard to prevention, victim
assistance and the prosecution of traffickers.
She warned that Mexico is just one step away
from becoming a child sex trafficking center at
the level of Thailand.
Ulloa concluded by observing that sex
trafficking in Mexico has now displaced
narcotrafficking in profitability for criminal
organizations, and is fighting for first place
with illicit arms trafficking. At the same time,
she emphasized, poverty and impunity have become
the best allies of traffickers in women and
Oct. 03, 2010
City Attorney General Miguel Ángel
Detalla PGJDF acciones para combatir la trata de
El procurador general de justicia capitalino,
Miguel Ángel Mancera, detalló frente a sus
homólogos de la zona Centro del país las
acciones emprendidas en la Ciudad de México
contra el delito de trata de personas.
Durante la Segunda Sesión 2010 de la Conferencia
de Procuradores Generales de Justicia de la Zona
Centro, Mancera Espinosa señaló que el Gobierno
del Distrito Federal ha impulsado una serie de
acciones de prevención y persecución para
erradicar este delito.
En una sesión de trabajo de esta reunión
celebrada el pasado viernes en la ciudad de
Puebla, el abogado de la ciudad reconoció que
pese a los esfuerzos para erradicar ese acto
ilícito, el crimen organizado usa otros medios
delincuenciales para eludir la acción de la
Para contrarrestar las artimañas de los
delincuentes, el gobierno capitalino tiene como
prioridad establecer políticas públicas en la
materia que permitan desactivar y desalentar las
conductas delictivas de los individuos...
Mexico City prosecutors
details actions to fight human trafficking
During a recent presentation before fellow local
prosecutors at the Second Conference of Attorney
Generals of the Central Zone of Mexico, Mexico
City Attorney General Miguel Ángel Mancera
presented his city's actions to fight human
Mancera detailed to his colleagues how Mexico
City has initiated a series of efforts to
address prevention and prosecution of
trafficking crimes. He admitted that going after
trafficking networks was difficult work, given
that organized crime changes its modus operandi
to evade detention and prosecution.
To counteract the evasive actions of
traffickers, Mexico City considers its number
one priority to be the implementation of public
policies that will allow prosecutors to
disable and discourage the criminal behavior of
noted that, among the actions taken by Mexico
City was the implementation in October of 2008
of the Law to Prevent and Eradicate Human
Trafficking, Sexual Abuse and the Commercial
Sexual Exploitation of Children.
Mancera added that the city created a
specialized agency to address human trafficking
crimes, and developed both a telephone hotline
and a web page to assist in crime prevention and
the reporting of cases by the public.
Currently, the Mexico City Attorney General's
Office is in the process of formalizing a
relationship with the Special Prosecutors Office
for Crimes of Violence Against Women and
Children, which is a division of the federal
Attorney General of the Republic...
The conference was attended by the attorney
generals of Hidalgo, Morelos, Tlaxcala, Puebla
states, as well as by officials from Baja
California, Sur, Baja California, Guerrero and
Oct. 03, 2010
Human trafficking alleged in Durham
Durham - A grand jury has indicted Ivan
Cervantes Damian on charges he held a
15-year-old girl captive for more than 18 months
and forced her to have sex.
Damian, 30, faces charges of first-degree
statutory sex offense, human trafficking and
forcing a child into sexual servitude.
Authorities accuse Damian of having sex with the
teenage girl between December 2008 and August
2009. They also accuse him of holding the victim
in servitude from December 2008 to July 2010.
"He alienated her from society," said Durham
Police Cpl. Marty Walkowe.
Walkowe said the relationship began as a
voluntary one while the couple was still living
in Mexico. When they immigrated a couple of
years ago, Walkowe said, Damian violated North
Carolina's human trafficking law by bringing a
minor from another nation into the state.
"Even though his girlfriend left voluntarily,
because she was a minor, it's human
trafficking," Walkowe said. "It sounds like a
big organized thing, but it was actually just
her voluntarily coming from Mexico with him to
Walkowe said the victim reported Damian to
police after their relationship soured and she
wanted to leave.
Damian is being held at the Durham County
Detention Center on $250,000 bail. The federal
Immigration and Customs
Oct. 06, 2010
Alert Driver Saves Kidnapped Girl
Fresno - An 8-year-old girl who was abducted by
a stranger while playing outside a Fresno home
escaped from her captor Tuesday morning after a
driver recognized the suspect's vehicle and cut
it off, police said.
The child was found in Fresno about 11 hours
after she disappeared around 8:30 p.m. Monday,
triggering a statewide Amber Alert. Police
arrested Gregorio Gonzalez, 24, who they said
was a member of the Bulldogs street gang.
Fresno Police Chief Jerry Dyer said the driver
recognized the red pickup truck from media
reports that showed surveillance video of the
When the driver saw a girl's head in the window,
he cut the truck off and forced it to stop, Dyer
said. The suspect pushed the girl out of the
car, and she ran to safety, he said.
The girl was taken to a hospital in good
condition, but Dyer later confirmed she had been
sexually assaulted. The police chief described
her as "frightened, traumatized." ...
"I was at the same time happy and grateful that
my daughter had been brought home," the girl's
mother told a news conference. "During the
night, the hours seemed very long."
Police said quick action by Fresno resident
Victor Perez helped the girl escape...
Oct. 05, 2010
Another Wall Blocks Route to U.S.
Guatemala City - Travelling without documents to
the United States from Latin America can turn
into an odyssey, in which migrants have to elude
common criminals and drug traffickers along the
way, not to mention the laws on migration. But
now another obstacle is emerging: a wall between
Guatemala and Mexico.
According to the head of customs for Mexico's
tax administration, Raúl Díaz, in order to stop
boats carrying contraband, the southern Mexican
state of Chiapas is building a wall along the
border river Suchiate, similar to the one the
United States is building along its southern
border with Mexico.
"It could also prevent the free passage of
illegal immigrants," admitted the Mexican
Smugglers use the Suchiate River to move
products across an international border without
paying duty taxes, but at the same time,
thousands of Central and South Americans cross
the river in their attempts to reach the United
States in search of opportunity -- and without
the required documents.
Some 500,000 migrants cross Mexican territory
without permission each year, according to
Mexico's National Commission on Human Rights
The intention to build a border wall has
triggered a wave of opposition from civil
society and government organizations, with
charges that it is a "senseless" measure that
will not succeed in preventing undocumented
migrants from crossing the border on their way
The cruelty to which undocumented migrants are
often subjected was laid bare Aug. 23, when 72
people coming from Guatemala, as well as El
Salvador, Honduras, Ecuador and Brazil, were
brutally murdered in San Fernando, a town in the
eastern Mexican state of Tamaulipas. They were
presumably killed by the Los Zetas drug cartel,
which is also involved in kidnapping and
In addition, a total of 9,758 kidnappings of
migrants were reported in Mexico from September
2008 to February 2009, according to the CNDH.
Putting up a wall on the Guatemala-Mexico border
"is going to make the migrants' situation worse,
because to meet their needs they are always
going to find blind points where there are no
migration or security controls, which implies
greater risks," said Maldonado...
Sep. 15 , 2010
Police search for man in California girl's
Authorities early Tuesday were searching for a
man they said snatched an 8-year-old girl from a
central California neighborhood and took off
with her in his pickup.
Police said the mother was close by and got into
a car and frantically tried to chase down the
truck but was not able to catch up with the
[The girl] was last seen wearing bluejeans and a
purple sweater with "Winnie the Pooh" on the
front, Fresno police said.
Police said the suspect, described as a
6-foot-tall, thin man with slicked-back hair,
drove to the Fresno neighborhood in an older
reddish-brown Ford truck. The man drove up to
six children about 8:30 p.m. Monday.
The man spoke in Spanish and told the children
that he would take them to the Dollar Store and
buy them toys if they got into his car, CNN
affiliate KFSN-TV in Fresno reported.
The man then pulled the victim into his car and
sped away, authorities said.
Police told the TV station they had received
reports earlier of a man with a similar
description and vehicle exposing himself to
young girls blocks away from where the abduction
Fresno police said 100 officers were searching
for the girl and the suspect, KFSN reported.
Oct. 05, 2010
Inés Fernández and
Comunicado: Las sentencias de la CoIDH
permitirán a Inés y Valentina acceder a la
justicia negada en México.
Inter-American Court of Human RIghts Decision
Allows Inés and Valentina Access to Justice in
• Valentina Rosendo Cantú narró lo que el fallo
del Tribunal significa para ella, su familia y
• Cejil y Tlachinollan explicaron los alcances y
el impacto de estas sentencias; Emilio Álvarez
Icaza abundó en la relevancia que tienen para el
• Valentina y sus representantes reiteran su
exigencia de seguridad para Inés y Valentina
México, D.F., a 4 de octubre de 2010.- Valentina
Rosendo Cantú y sus representantes -las
organizaciones civiles CEJIL y Tlachinollan-
detallaron en conferencia de prensa los
contenidos y alcances de las sentencias de los
casos de las indígenas me´phaa Inés Fernández
Ortega y Valentina Rosendo Cantú que fueron
notificadas por la Corte Interamericana de
Derechos Humanos (CoIDH) el pasado viernes 1 de
octubre. Esta mañana, en la conferencia, estuvo
presente también el ex ombudsman capitalino,
Emilio Álvarez Icaza y el abogado Mario Patrón.
Valentina Rosendo Cantú explicó su sentir en
este momento en que después de más de ocho años
de búsqueda de justicia, vividos en condiciones
de adversidad y de riesgo, finalmente la CoIDH
le ha dado la razón, estableciendo como un hecho
incontrovertible que fue violada sexualmente y
torturada por soldados mexicanos. “Por fin se
reconoció que siempre dijimos la verdad”, dijo
la mujer Me’phaa. Rosendo Cantú también externó
algunas de sus más sentidas preocupaciones,
compartidas tanto por ella como por Inés
Fernández Ortega, y señaló: “Ya que por fin se
demostró que siempre dijimos la verdad porque no
sabemos mentir, para nosotras y nuestras
familias lo más importante ahorita es que nos
dejen vivir en paz, con tranquilidad”...
Valentina Rosendo Cantú and her representatives
- the organizations CEJIL and the Tlachinollan
Human Rights Center, explained during a press
conference the details of the October 1, 2010
decision by the Inter-American Court of Human
Rights (IACHR) in the cases of Rosendo Cantu and
Inés Fernández Ortega. Emilio Álvarez Icaza,
former director of the Human Rights Commission
for Mexico City, and lawyer Mario Patrón were
present at the event.
Valentina Rosendo Cantú said that, after 8 years
of seeking justice in her case [in which Mexican
soldiers raped her], years that involved
adversity and risks [due to repeated death
threats and acts of retaliation against the
victims and their families], the IACHR has
finally vindicated us.
Justice for Inés
Oct. 04, 2010
director of the Tlachinollan Center
(left) joins Alejandra Nuño,
Central American director for CEJIL;
Valentina Rosendo Cantú, and Emilio
Álvarez Icaza, former president of
theMexico City Human Rights
Commission - at press conference.
The banner says: "Break Through the
Walls of Impunity."
Human Rights Court: Mexico responsible for rapes
Mexico City - The Inter-American Court of Human
Rights condemned Mexico on Monday for failing to
protect the rights of two indigenous women who
were raped by soldiers in 2002.
In two separate rulings, the Costa Rica-based
court said Mexico failed to guarantee the rights
to personal integrity, dignity and legal
protection of Valentina Rosendo and Ines
Fernandez, both of southern Guerrero state.
Mexico must publicly acknowledge its
responsibility and called for a civilian
investigation into the crimes, rather than the
military one, which resulted in no charges,
according to the ruling. The government also
must compensate both women and publish the court
rulings in Spanish and the women's indigenous
The government said will follow the rulings, the
Interior Department said in a statement.
"The government of Mexico reiterates its full
commitment to the promotion and protection of
human rights, in particular to combat violence
against women and girls," the statement said.
It was the fourth condemnation of Mexico from
the court, which previously issued rulings
against the government for the unsolved killings
of women in the border city of Cuidad Juarez in
the 1990s and for the country's "dirty war" in
Rosendo called on the government to publicly
recognize that it wrongly accused her of lying
about being assaulted.
"If the government has a little bit of dignity,
it should accept they were mistaken so I can go
on with my life," she said tearfully at a news
conference. "They didn't want to hear me in my
Rosendo, then 17, was washing clothes in a river
in February of 2002 when eight soldiers came up
and asked her about the whereabouts of a masked
suspect. When she said she didn't know anything,
she was beaten and raped.
A month later, in another indigenous community
in Guerrero, at least 11 soldiers approached
Fernandez in her house and asked for her
husband. She didn't respond because she didn't
speak Spanish, and the soldiers raped her.
No one was punished in either case.
Oct. 04, 2010
Cantú at the Inter-American Court
session where she presented of her
case on May 28, 2010
Mexico Ordered to Pay Damages to Women Raped by
San Jose - The Inter-American Court of Human
Rights ordered the Mexican government to pay
damages to two indigenous women raped by
soldiers in 2002.
The Costa Rica-based court, a body of the
Organization of American States, on Monday
published on its Web page rulings against Mexico
for the rapes of the Indian women Me’phaa
Valentina Rosendo Cantu and Ines Fernandez
Ortega, as well as for the lack of investigation
by the authorities in both cases.
The court’s rulings are binding on OAS members.
Mexico was found to have violated the rights and
personal integrity, dignity and autonomy of the
two indigenous women, who lived in the
municipality of Ayutla de Los Libres, in the
southern state of Guerrero.
In both cases, the Court ordered Mexico to
guarantee that the investigations would be
conducted “with the knowledge of the civil
jurisdiction” and “under no circumstances under
military jurisdiction,” and that those found to
be responsible would be punished.
In the case of Rosendo Cantu, the Court set at a
total of $100,500 the indemnity to which she
would be entitled for material damages,
immaterial damages and trial costs, while the
figure established was $128,000 in the case of
The Court also ordered Mexico “to modernize its
legislation” so that human rights violations
will not fall under military jurisdiction and so
that “people affected by the intervention of
military jurisdiction may have effective
recourse to challenge it.”
The state also must take public action to
acknowledge its international responsibility,
authorize study scholarships for the victims and
their children, and ensure that services to care
for female victims of sexual violence “are
provided by the designated institutions,” among
Oct. 04, 2010
Mexico Ordered To Pay Damages To Two Indigenous
Women Raped By Soldiers
In two separate rulings, the Inter-American
Court of Human Rights condemned the Mexican
government and ordered it to pay damages to two
indigenous women who were raped in 2002 by
The court said that Mexico failed to guarantee
the rights to personal integrity, dignity and
legal protection of Ines Fernandez and Valentina
Rosendo, both from the southern Mexican state of
Mexico, which has to publicly acknowledge its
responsibility, must also compensate both women
and publish the court rulings in Spanish and the
women’s indigenous language, Me’phaa. The
Mexican government promised to fulfill the
demands of the court ruling.
“The government of Mexico reiterates its full
commitment to the promotion and protection of
human rights, in particular to combat violence
against women and girls,” according to a
statement released by Mexico’s Interior
Department, the Associated Press reports...
Oct. 05, 2010
Mexico / The
human rights activist Abel Barrera
Hernandez, the founder and director
of the Tlachinollan Human Rights
Mexican Activist Wins Prestigious Robert F.
Kennedy Human Rights Award
Washington, DC / Mexico City - An anthropologist
and human rights defender who has worked for
years with the indigenous people in one of
Mexico's poorest and most marginalized regions
has been awarded one of the world's most
important human rights prizes.
Abel Barrera Hernandez, the founder and director
of the Tlachinollan Human Rights Centre of the
Montana in the state of Guerrero, will receive
this year's Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award
in recognition of his efforts to end abuses
committed by the military and police against the
local population, the RFK Center for Justice and
Human Rights announced here Thursday.
"Our friends at the Tlachinollah Centre
represent true courage in their struggle to
expose and confront ongoing human rights
abuses," said Claudio Grossman, the dean of the
Washington College of Law at American University
and a member of the five-person jury that
decided on this year's winner.
"By standing with the most vulnerable
communities, Abel Barrera Hernandez and his
colleagues are at great personal risk, and we
are proud to recognize their work with this
prestigious award," added Grossman, who also
served as a member of the Inter-American
Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) from 1993 to
The prize, which will be presented here in
November, was praised by a number of rights
activists who noted that the RFK Center has a
well-established reputation for maintaining
material and political support for its awardees
for many years after the honor is received.
"I think that this prize comes at an especially
important moment because of the tremendous
increase in human rights violations in the
context of the drug war," said Laura Carlsen,
the Mexico-based director of the Americas
Program of the Center for International Policy.
"Last year, human rights groups reported a
six-fold rise in complaints against the army,
and the indigenous populations are suffering the
most. They require the most vigilance from civil
society," she added.
"The centre works in a very difficult and
dangerous situation at the heart of one of the
most marginalized communities in the country,"
said Maureen Meyer, a Mexico specialist at the
Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), which
gave the centre its annual human rights award
In 2002, the centre brought the case of Inés
Fernández and Valentina Rosendo, two indigenous
women allegedly raped by soldiers in Guerrero in
2002, to the IACHR, which referred it to the
Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which is
set to hand down a sentence.
In 2005, it defended the right to education for
people of two towns that had been abandoned by
their overworked teaching staff for an entire
year. After filing complaints with the
Department of Education, lobbying state
representatives, and gaining the attention of
national and international media, the Centre
succeeded in obtaining 14 state-appointed
teachers and four additional classrooms.
In the same year, it launched a successful
campaign to formally criminalize forced
disappearances in Guerrero while carrying out
numerous investigations that exposed military
abuses, including torture, disappearance, rape
of indigenous women, arbitrary detentions and
interrogations, intimidation, and dispossession
It has also taken up the cases of two human
rights defenders from the Organization of the
Future of the Mixtec People who had been
arrested and later found dead with signs of
torture in February 2009. Those cases resulted
in a new round of threats to centre staff which,
in turn, spurred the IACHR to issue new
The IACHR has issued more than 100 orders to
protect human rights defenders in Guerrero.
The award "represents a shield, from an
organization with great prestige, for a region
that is terribly vulnerable and unprotected, and
where human rights are a dead letter," Barrera
told IPS. "It brings visibility to what the
authorities wish would remain invisible. They
don't want to see the tragedy, the poverty, the
"May justice flourish in the mountain, where it
has been suffocated by impunity, by corruption,
by endemic violence, and by the age-old neglect
of the local peoples," he said...
Barrera: "We see the war on drugs in our state
as a war against the poor; there is cruelty
against the indigenous peoples that have been
driven to plant poppies in ravines as a last
measure to ensure their survival," he said.
Jim Lobe and
Sep. 23, 2010
Mexico / The
Abel Barrera Hernandez
speaks about his role in founding the
Tlachinollan Human Rights Centre of the Montana
in the state of Guerrero.
with English subtitles)
Sep. 23, 2010
Mexico / The
Mexico has failed to prosecute violations,
The US government significantly strengthened its
partnership with Mexico in combating organized
crime in 2007 when it announced the Merida
Initiative, a multi-year US security assistance
package for Mexico. To date, the US government
has allocated roughly $1.5 billion in Merida
funding to Mexico. From the outset, the US
Congress recognized the importance of ensuring
that the Mexican government respect human rights
in its public security efforts, mandating by law
that 15 percent of select Merida funds be
withheld until the State Department issued a
report to the US Congress which showed that
Mexico had demonstrated it was meeting four
human rights requirements.
On September 2, 2010, the State Department
issued its second report to Congress concluding
that Mexico is meeting the Merida Initiative's
human rights requirements, and it stated its
intention to obligate roughly $36 million in
security assistance that had been withheld from
the 2009 supplemental and the 2010 omnibus
However, research conducted by our respective
organizations, Mexico's National Human Rights
Commission, and even the State Department's own
reports, demonstrates conclusively that Mexico
has failed to meet the four human rights
requirements set out by law. As a result,
Congress should not release these select Merida
funds. Releasing these funds would send the
message that the United States condones the
grave human rights violations committed in
Mexico, including torture, rape, killings, and
We recognize that Mexico is facing a severe
public security crisis, and that the United
States can play a constructive role in
strengthening Mexico's ability to confront
organized crime in an effective manner. However,
human rights violations committed by Mexican
security forces are not only deplorable in their
own right, but also significantly undermine the
effectiveness of Mexico's public security
Sep. 14, 2010
Added: Dec. 4, 2010
to Speak up on Military Abuse in Mexico
Vivanco, Director - Americas Division - HRW
May 17, 2010
North Alabama man convicted in sex trafficking
of an underage girl
A 31-year-old Florence man was convicted today
of sex trafficking involving an underage girl.
Manuel Enrique Zelaya-Rodriguez was also
convicted in the trial in Huntsville of coercing
a minor to engage in prostitution, harboring an
illegal alien, and failing to file a report with
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement about
an illegal alien in his employment.
Zelaya--Rodriguez will be sentenced by U.S.
District Judge C. Lynwood Smith in a Jan. 19
hearing in Huntsville. He could face a sentence
of up to life in prison.
The case against Zelaya-Rodriguez began Sept. 8,
2009 when he was driving a car that was stopped
by Florence police at a trailer park, according
to court documents. An officer was responding to
complaints about prostitution when he stopped
Inside the car was a 15-year-old girl who told
police that Zelaya-Rodriguez was prostituting
her, according to court documents. Condoms and
business cards were found inside the car.
The unidentified girl was born in Veracruz,
Mexico, in September 1993, according to a trial
memorandum from prosecutors. The girl became
pregnant when she was 13 years old and later
crossed the border into the U.S. "so that she
could work and send money back to her mother to
care for the victim's baby," according to the
The girl started work in Atlanta as a
prostitute, but fled there after pimps became
violent with her, according to the court
document. The girl got the name of
Zelaya-Rodriguez from another prostitute,
according to the court document filed before the
"The victim had been with the defendant for
approximately two weeks, and during that time
the victim had engaged in commercial sex acts
with approximately forty and fifty men,"
according to the trial memorandum.
"We have shut down this particular trafficker
and, hopefully, given pause to others who would
commit the same morally reprehensible crime,"
U.S. Attorney Joyce White Vance said in a press
statement after the jury returned its verdict
"Human trafficking for purposes of sexual
exploitation and forced labor is a growing
problem in North Alabama and across the country
and is a grave concern of the Department of
Justice," she said. "We want a zero-tolerance
policy on this crime."
Florence police, the FBI, and ICE investigated
"The FBI is committed to working with ICE and
our other law enforcement partners to combat
human trafficking, which is modern day slavery,
and bring to justice those who would deny
individuals of their fundamental right to
freedom," Patrick Maley, special agent in charge
of the FBI's Birmingham office, said in the
Sep. 22, 2010
Added: Dec. 4, 2010
arrested in sex case involving Encinitas teen
Girl had made
up story she was gang-raped; authorities say she
had sex with 20-year-old she met on Internet
Encinitas - Sheriff’s detectives have arrested a
20-year-old Vista man who they say had sex with
a 15-year-old Encinitas girl, authorities said
The teen initially told authorities she was
raped by three men rather than admit to her
mother she had gone off with a man she met on
Jose Adrian Cano was arrested Tuesday night and
booked on suspicion of unlawful intercourse with
a minor, lewd acts with a 15-year-old, and
contacting a minor online with intent to commit
a sex crime.
Investigators say they have evidence of three
more under-age victims and want any others to
come forward to report contact with Cano.
He is being held in the Vista jail without bail
because federal immigration authorities have put
a hold on him. Lauren Mack, Immigration and
Customs Enforcement spokeswoman, said Cano is
listed in the agency’s records as Cano-Cid and
is suspected of being in the United States
Mack said Cano was arrested earlier this year by
a police agency in San Diego County and federal
officials returned him to Mexico without a
The San Diego
Sep. 29, 2010
Tries to Kidnap Teen Girl Walking to School
San Jacinto - Police in Riverside County are
searching for a man who tried to kidnap a
15-year-old girl as she was walking to school.
The attempted kidnapping happened just after 6
a.m. Thursday on Lyon Avenue, south of Merlot
Place, in San Jacinto.
Police say the suspect approached the girl from
behind and grabbed her arm, but she was able to
fight him off.
A passing driver saw the struggle and called
911, and the suspect ran from the area.
The suspect is described as a Hispanic man,
about 19- or 20-years-old, and 5'9" tall. He has
a thin build, short "spiked" brown hair and
brown eyes. The man was last seen wearing blue
jeans and a white t-shirt.
Anyone with information about the suspect is
asked to call San Jacinto Police at
Oct. 1, 2010
director of Mexico's National
Institute for Migration Cecilia
Cecilia Romero sale de Migración
fue notificada que sería removida, por lo que
elaboró una carta de despedida para sus
colaboradores; en el último mes su posición en
el cargo se vio debilitada por la masacre de 72
migrantes en Tamaulipas
El gobierno federal confirmó que Cecilia Romero
dejó a partir de hoy el cargo como comisionada
del Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) luego
de la matanza de 72 migrantes de distintas
nacionalidades en el estado de Tamaulipas.
De acuerdo con fuentes gubernamentales, Romero
fue notificada este lunes que sería removida de
esa posición, por lo que la funcionaria elaboró
una carta de despedida que circuló de manera
interna en el INM por el sistema de intranet.
En el texto, Romero agradeció el "trabajo,
saludo, apoyo y sonrisa" de sus colaboradores,
con quienes se reunió por la mañana para revisar
temas pendientes de la agenda migratoria y los
exhortó a seguir adelante porque dicha labor no
es una moda y parte de una época, sino de una
institución, las cuales perduran por encima de
En agosto pasado un inmigrante de origen
ecuatoriano acudió a una caseta naval para
denunciar la ejecución de personas en un rancho
ubicado en el estado de Tamaulipas, hecho que
permitió conocer la noticia de 72 víctimas que
habrían caído abatidas presuntamente a manos de
Funcionarios federales definirán en las próximas
horas la vía institucional para dar a conocer el
cambio de Romero, el cual puede formalizarse en
Los Pinos o la Secretaría de Gobernación
Sep. 14, 2010
Migration-Mexico: Crisis Sparked by Massacre
Spurs Demands for In-depth Changes
Organizations working for the rights of
undocumented immigrants are using the crisis
triggered by the massacre of 72 migrants a few
weeks ago near the U.S. border to press for
in-depth changes in Mexico.
'The migration authorities do not have a human
rights perspective, and their position is
inconsistent with the reality of migration in
this country,' Diana Martínez, assistant
coordinator of advocacy at Sin Fronteras, a
non-governmental organization (NGO) that
promotes the rights of migrants and provides
them with legal advice, told IPS.
The killing of the undocumented migrants from
several Latin American countries, whose bound,
blindfolded bodies were found Aug. 24 on a
remote ranch in San Fernando, in the
northeastern Mexican state of Tamaulipas,
unleashed the worst ever migration-related
crisis in this country.
The mass murder, which was survived by at least
one man from Ecuador, one from Honduras and one
from El Salvador, brought down National
Migration Institute (INM) Commissioner Cecilia
Romero, who resigned Tuesday Sept. 14.
Romero, a former senator for the governing
National Action Party (PAN), had ridden out
earlier rumors that she would leave the top job
at the INM, which she held since December 2006.
But the heat and pressure generated by the
shocking event made her position untenable...
An estimated 500,000 Latin Americans a year
cross Mexico heading for the United States,
according to experts and NGOs. Along the way
they face arbitrary arrest, extortion, robbery,
rape and kidnapping, especially at the hands of
Los Zetas, a criminal organization that
dominates the kidnapping of undocumented
'The Mexican state must design a truly
comprehensive state policy on migration that is
not limited to managing migratory flows, but is
centrally focused on the human rights of
migrants,' said Martínez of Sin Fronteras...
Migrant protection organizations have urged the
Mexican state to issue an official invitation to
Felipe González, rapporteur on the rights of
migrant workers and their families for the
Washington-based Inter-American Commission on
Human Rights (IACHR), part of the Organisation
of American States (OAS) human rights system.
In his March 2009 report, the United Nations
Special Rapporteur on the human rights of
migrants, Jorge Bustamante, recommended
legislative reforms to combat the impunity
surrounding human rights abuses in this
Sep. 16, 2010
Mexican immigration official quits after
Mexico - Mexico's top immigration official
resigned Monday in the wake of a massacre of 72
migrants that exposed how brutally drug cartels
have come to control human smuggling routes in
Cecilia Romero stepped down as head of the
National Institute of Migration, a post she had
held since the beginning of President Felipe
Calderon's term in December 2006, the Interior
Department said in a statement.
The statement gave no reason for her
resignation, only praising Romero's efforts to
modernize the Mexico's immigration system and
improve the treatment of migrants. It did not
name her replacement.
A government official, who spoke on condition of
anonymity because he was not authorized to speak
publicly about the issue, said the government
was looking for someone with more experience in
security to head the institute.
The official said the massacre three weeks ago
highlighted how intertwined drug trafficking and
illegal immigration have become in Mexico.
"She's revamped the institute and made it a more
human and respectful place," the official said.
"Given that organized crime has gotten into the
business, we need a different type of head with
a different type of background."
The bodies of the 72 Central and South American
migrants were found Aug. 24 at a ranch about 100
miles (80 kilometers) south of Brownsville,
Drug cartels have long controlled migration
corridors in Mexico, demanding that migrants pay
for passage through their territory. Now,
Mexican authorities say drug cartels are
increasingly trying to recruit vulnerable
migrants to smuggle drugs.
Romero, a former congresswoman who steadily rose
up in Calderon's National Action Party, revamped
migrant holding centers across the country and
ensured that immigration agents were trained in
human rights, the Interior Department said in
...The government has come under intense
criticism for continuing abuses against
migrants, who are constantly kidnapped and
assaulted as they pass through Mexico — often
with the collusion of corrupt police or
Hours before Romero's resignation was announced,
Mexico's Congress summoned her to a hearing to
explain what the government was doing to protect
Opposition legislators warned Mexico was losing
its moral right to demand better treatment for
immigrants in the United States.
The massacre "is the tip of the iceberg that
revealed the neglect of Mexican authorities, who
are incapable of meeting its responsibilities in
human rights," said Sen. Ricardo Monreal Avila
of the Workers' Party.
Sep. 14, 2010
Romero leaves the INM
Mexico City – For reasons unknown, Cecilia
Romero, commissioner of the National Migration
Institute (INM), announced on Tuesday that she
is leaving her job.
“Today is my last day as commissioner of the
INM. I thank each and every one of you for your
work, effort and participation during the
transformation of the INM,” Romero said to INM
members during her farewell message. She did not
say whether she quit or was fired and did not
give any reasons for leaving her position.
Her departure is taking place three weeks after
the Navy found the bodies of 72 illegal
immigrants in the state of Tamaulipas in
northeastern Mexico. Romero recently said it was
“natural” that there were several rumors of her
leaving after the tragedy in Tamaulipas. “I
think it is only natural that there are rumors
like this when there is a crisis as big as this
one, of national security and of organized
crime,” she said...
Sep. 15, 2010
Added: Oct. 1, 2010
Evalúa Segob trabajo de Romero en Migración
Department to investigate the work of National
Institute for Migration director Cecilia Romero
La lupa está
sobre migración despues de la masacre de 72
migrantes en Tamaulipas
El secretario de Gobernación, José Francisco
Blake Mora, reveló que al interior de su
dependencia están evaluando el trabajo de la
titular de migración, Cecilia Romero.
Ante las versiones de que habría renunciado el
encargado de la política interior del país, dijo
que sólo están revisando como en todas las
acciones del gobierno su actuación y en su
momento vendrán definiciones
Entrevistado al participar en el IV Informe de
Gobierno de Felipe Calderón, Blake Mora, dijo
que se enfocará en la evaluación al trabajo de
Cecilia Romero después de la masacre de 72
migrantes en Tamaulipas, hace unos días.
¿Se queda la titular de migración en su cargo?,
se le preguntó
- Estamos revisando, estamos evaluando como en
todas las acciones del gobierno que tienen que
ser evaluadas, ya en su oportunidad tomaremos
¿Para cuándo las conclusiones?
-Voy a trabajar y cuando las tenga seguramente
se las informo.
Sep. 02, 2010
June 28, 2009
head of Mexico's national
immigration service, says that
sex tourism and pedophile
networks are "inevitable."
turismo sexual es inevitable"
- Cecilia Romero del Instituto
Nacional de Migración de México
the Human Rights Crisis at Mexico's Southern
Border is Unacceptable
Our current series of articles covering the
human rights emergency facing women and girl
migrants at Mexico's southern border
responds directly to the recent comments of
Cecilia Romero, head of Mexico's national
immigration service (the National Institute
for Migration - INM).
Director Romero stated in a press interview
with El Universal, a major Mexico City daily
paper, that human trafficking is
"inevitable", and that, "the existence of
the smuggling of migrants, human
trafficking, pedophile networks, and the
kidnappings and the violence that affect
thousands of migrants are only "evils of
mankind" that Mexico cannot eradicate.
We strongly disagree with
Director Romero and others in the leadership
of Mexico's National Action Party, who
habitually dismiss critical women's rights
issues, including the femicide murders in
Ciudad Juarez, as being the inevitable, and
'normal' results of male human behavior.
Nothing could be further from
The citizens of Mexico,
Mexico's Congress and the international
community need to hold the government of
President Felipe Calderón accountable for
the fact that he is allowing a steady stream
of unending mass gender atrocities to
occur on Mexico's southern border with
Guatemala and Belize.
In that hell-on-earth, an
estimated 450 to 600 migrant women and girls
are sexually assaulted each day, according
to the International Organization for
Migration. Police response is almost
non-existent. At times police officers are
complicit in this criminal violence.
Mexico's southern border is
also the largest zone on earth for the
commercial sexual exploitation of children
(CSEC), according to Save the Children.
As Father Luis Nieto
states in an article about Salvadoran
mothers who must come to Mexico's border to
grieve for their raped and murdered
daughters, "We cannot
keep quiet, we cannot be complicit in this."
We strongly agree with that
sentiment. Silence is also violence.
The federal government of
Mexico is not ignorant in regard to this
ongoing human catastrophe. The United
Nations, the International Organization for
Migration, Save the Children, elements of
the Catholic Church, the National Human
Rights Commission (CNDH) and many members of
Congress have, for the past several years,
demanded action to end these atrocities.
Although INM director Cecilia
Romero promised in February of 2007 that she
eliminate this terrible situation,"
no visible action has been taken to do
so as of June of 2009, 16 months after she
made that promise.
With the current economic
slowdown and the expansion of global
criminal sex trafficking operations, the
rapes, kidnappings and brutal sexual
enslavement of innocent migrants on that
border is increasing with no end in sight.
As the United States Congress
prepares to send over $400 million dollars
in largely military aid to Mexico as part of
the Merida Initiative to combat the drug
cartels, we insist that human rights
conditions be placed on those and other U.S.
foreign aid funds that are headed to Mexico.
Mexico must close down the
mass rape, kidnapping, murder and
child sex trafficking gauntlet that exists
with total impunity on its southern border.
We also want to see the
estimated 4,000 mostly Mayan indigenous
children who were kidnapped by the Yakuza
mafias from this region and sold to brothels
in Tokyo, and also the uncounted thousands
of other indigenous child victims who have
been sold to brothels in New York and Madrid
rescued, repatriated and then truly cared
Do you need money, President
Calderón, to get these things done? Or is a
misogynist, 'socially conservative' ideology
that is resurgent in Mexico, and that has as
its strongest voice the PAN political party,
the real problem here?
barbarie no será perdonado por Dios!
barbarity will not be pardoned by God!
If Mexico does not have
control over this part of its own territory,
or if, as actually appears to be the
case, the PAN's socially conservative agenda
won't allow it to defend innocent and
vulnerable women and children in crisis,
consistent with their apathetic reaction to
the femicide murders in Ciudad Juarez, then
perhaps an international force organized by
the Organization of American States, or by
the United Nations needs to step up to the
plate, offer to help Mexico, and take
control of the situation.
This crisis in Mexico is the
best example in the Americas of why a new
Global Plan of Action, as proposed by
Ecuadorian Minister of
Justice and Human Rights (Attorney General)
Néstor Arbito Chica
and diplomats gathered at the
United Nations on May 13, 2009, is needed to
get around this impasse.
Somehow, the fact that the
government of Mexico is a signatory to the
and the fact that Mexico passed its 2009
U.S. Department of State Trafficking in
Persons Report evaluation with a relatively
positive Level 2 Rating (as we also
acknowledge State's strong critique of
corruption in Mexico), misses the point.
New and out-of-the box
strategies are needed to oblige Mexico to
fulfill its international obligations to
end this ongoing mass gender atrocity
once and for all.
It is not an impossible task.
The status quo today is...
End impunity now!
June 28, 2009
Updated Oct. 2, 2010
The city of Tapachula,
located in Chiapas state near Mexico's border
is one of the largest and most lawless child sex
trafficking markets in all of Latin America.
Our news section on Tapachula tracks
events related to this hell-on-earth, where over
half of the estimated 21,000 sex slaves and
other sex workers are underage, and where
especially migrant women and girls from Central
and South America, who seek to migrate to the
United States, have their freedom taken from
them, to become a money-making commodity for
gangs of violent criminals.
A 2007 study by the international organization
[End Child Prostitution and Trafficking]...
revealed that over 21,000 Central Americans,
mostly children, are prostituted in 1,552 bars
and brothels in Tapachula.
- Chuck Goolsby
trata de personas no se persigue en el país.
Apenas seis entidades
soslayan la trata de personas
...La trata de personas no se persigue en el
país. Apenas seis entidades —Chiapas, Distrito
Federal, Nuevo León, Tabasco y Tlaxcala, además
de Hidalgo que ayer la aprobó—, tienen
legislación sobre la materia. El resto a
excepción de Campeche y Tamaulipas tipificaron
el delito en sus códigos penales. Sin embargo,
sólo 12 estados cuentan con una legislación
armonizada con el Protocolo de Palermo.
Organismos civiles ubican a Puebla y Tlaxcala
dentro de los cinco principales “corredores” de
traslado de personas que son explotadas sexual y
laboralmente. Se estima que de 60 municipios que
integran el estado de Tlaxcala en al menos 26 se
han establecido redes de tratantes.
overlooks modern slavery
trafficking is not being fought in Mexico
Tenancingo [a major city in Tlaxcala state] -
The streets here are different from those in any
other region of rural Tlaxcala state. The city's
population does not live by farming, nor do they
live in humble dwellings. From the time you
enter the city, the air is tense. The
ostentatious two-to-four floor houses become
Luxury Mustangs, Corvettes and Dodge trucks with
tinted windows line the cobblestone streets.
Chatting with people is almost impossible for
outsiders. Locals immediately know who is a
stranger. They seem to alert everyone about the
presence of outsiders. The
based sex trafficking mafias] are there. At Noon
they stop to eat pork quesadillas. It's their
About 30 miles south of Tlaxcala, in the city of
Puebla, two men descend from a fancy Mustang
blaring reggaeton music. Their imposing presence
makes it hard to look at them face-to-face. Each
of them is wearing three gold chains and
sportswear made by international companies.
The municipal police look at them with the
familiarity that is just part of the daily
rhythm of life. The same is true of the mothers
of children returning to school. The locals are
watched and subdued. Within minutes, a group of
students questions the reason for my visit. They
say that it would be better for me to leave
their neighborhood in the company of the Mexican
Army troops stationed nearby.
On Wednesday night, federal forces besieged a
residential street in the City, presumably in
search of a sexual exploitation network. The
outcome of their effort is unknown. There were
no arrests. Seven soldiers without identifying
clothing remain on guard outside the house. They
call upon the reporters present to leave. They
claim that "no operation ever took place," and
say that in Tenancingo, "everything is normal,"
although the place is known internationally as a
center for sex trafficking.
Human trafficking is not being pursued in this
country. Only the Federal District [Mexico City]
and six states, Chiapas, Nuevo León,
Tabasco, Tlaxcala and Hidalgo have passed
legislation to govern human trafficking. The
remaining states, with the exception of Campeche
and Tamaulipas, have specified the crime in
their penal codes. However, only 12 states have
harmonized their state legislation with the
Non-governmental organizations located in Puebla
and Tlaxcala call the region one of the top five
"corridors" in Mexico for trafficking in persons
who are exploited for sex and labor. It is
estimated that human trafficking networks
operate in at least 26 of the 60 municipalities
in the state of Tlaxcala....
Tlaxcala ranks sixth nationally in human
trafficking as a result of its environment of
violence, a lax criminal justice system and poor
security. Puebla state holds 5th place...
Sep. 24, 2010
Mexico's Chiapas state, together
with the IOM, launch a major media
campaign against human trafficking
Emprenden Gobierno de Chiapas y OIM campaña
contra la trata de personas
Con el objetivo de proteger a los grupos más
vulnerables, el gobierno de Chiapas, a través de
la Secretaría para el Desarrollo de la Frontera
Sur y Enlace para la Cooperación Internacional,
une esfuerzos a la Organización Internacional
para las Migraciones para combatir la trata de
personas mediante una amplia campaña mediática.
Siendo Chiapas un estado de tránsito de
migrantes, es prioritario que ellos sepan que
hacerlo indocumentadamente no es sinónimo de
indefensión, sino por el contrario, en Chiapas
se comprende el sentido de su viaje en búsqueda
de una mejora calidad de vida y la
vulnerabilidad con la que lo efectúan. Es por
eso que el gobierno de Chiapas, encabezado por
Juan Sabines Guerrero, trabaja en transformar la
frontera sur de México en una frontera amiga y
de oportunidades y que no escatima esfuerzos en
llevarlo a cabo.
Bajo el slogan “No permitas que destruyan tu
vida”, se lanza el día de hoy una ambiciosa
campaña en medios masivos como la televisión y
radio, así como espectaculares, pantallas de
proyección, material impreso e internet, con lo
que se pretende concientizar a la ciudadanía de
que la trata de personas es evitable y se
combate con la denuncia; además de que tengan la
seguridad de que recibirán todo el apoyo,
asistencia y protección en caso de ser víctimas
de este flagelo. Es importante destacar que la
parte medular de la campaña se concentra en la
posibilidad de hacer una denuncia anónima y sin
costo al 018007152000...
The state government of
Chiapas and the International Organization for
Migration launch media campaign against human
Seeking to protect the most vulnerable groups in
society, the government of the southern Mexican
state of Chiapas, through its Secretary for the
Development of the Southern Frontier and its
Network for International Cooperation, has
joined forces with the [United Nations
affiliated] International Organization for
Migration to present a new and large scale media
campaign to educate the public about the dangers
of human trafficking.
Given that Chiapas state is a [major] transit
point for migrants [it is the bottleneck point
for almost all Central and South American
migration to the U.S.], the campaign's priority
to let migrants know that their state of being
undocumented does not mean that they are
defenseless. To the contrary, the campaign
stated, Chiapas understands the motives that
cause people to migrate in search of a better
life, as well as the vulnerabilities that go
along with migration. For these reasons, the
government of Chiapas state, headed by governor
Juan Sabines Guerrero, is dedicating significant
resources to achieve the goal of transforming
the southern border of Mexico into a friendly
frontier of opportunities.
Using the slogan "Don't Allow Them to Destroy
Your Life," the ambitious media campaign is
being launched today through public service
advertising on television, radio, and through
materials presented at major public events and
on the Internet. The campaign will raise public
awareness about human trafficking, and will
drive home the point that becoming a victim of
trafficking is avoidable. The campaign
emphasizes that victims will receive every form
of assistance and protection. An anonymous
hotline, at telephone number 018007152000, has
also been opened...
Sep. 27, 2010
Human trafficking slur on Commonwealth Games
The jinxed Commonwealth Games could have done
without this. After being troubled by brittle
infrastructure, CWG 2010 has now been blamed for
a jump in trafficking of women and children from
the Northeast. The accusation has come from
Meghalaya People’s Human Rights Council (MPHRC)
general secretary Dino D.G. Dympep. The platform
he chose on Tuesday was the general debate
discussion on racism, discrimination, xenophobia
and other intolerance at the 15th Human Rights
Council Session at the UN headquarters in
“The human rights situation of indigenous
peoples living in Northeast India is
deteriorating,” Dympep said, adding New Delhi
has chose to be indifferent to human trafficking
of and racial discrimination toward these
“What worries the indigenous peoples now apart
from racial and gender-based violence is the
fear of alleged human trafficking for flesh
trade.” The number of indigenous women and
children trafficked particularly for the
upcoming CGW could be 15,000, he said.
The rights activist also underscored the racial
profiling of people from the Northeast on the
basis of their ethnicity, linguistic, religious,
cultural and geographical backgrounds.
Dympep also pointed out 86 per cent of
indigenous peoples studying or working away from
their native places face racial discrimination
in various forms such as sexual abuses, rapes,
physical attacks and economic exploitation.
“The UN has condemned India's caste system and
termed it worse than racism. The racism faced by
indigenous peoples of the Northeast is
definitely the outcome of the caste system. Such
negative attitude as ignoring the region will
only lead to deeper self-alienation by the
indigenous peoples, which comes in the way of
integration in India,” he said.
Sep. 28, 2010
Indigenous peoples across the
world face the problem of being marginalized by
the dominant societies that surround them. They
become the easiest targets for human traffickers
because the larger society will not stand up to
defend their basic human rights. Exploiting the
lives and the sexuality of indigenous women is a
key aspect of this dynamic of oppression.
denounce all forms of exploitation. We call the
world's attention to the fact that tens of
thousands of indigenous peoples in the Americas,
and most especially women and girls in Guatemala
and Mexico, are routinely being kidnapped or
cajoled into becoming victims of human
For 5 centuries, the economies of
Latin America have relied upon the forced labor
and sexual exploitation of the region's
indigenous peoples as a cornerstone of their
economic and social lives. Mexico, with an
indigenous population that comprises 30% of the
nation, is a glaring example of this dynamic of
racial, ethnic and gender (machismo) based
oppression. In Mexico, indigenous victims are
not 'visible' to the authorities, and are on
nobody's list of social groups who need to be
assisted to defend themselves against the
criminal impunity of the sex and labor
For Mexico to arrive in the 21st
Century community of nations, it must begin the
process of ending these feudal-era traditions.
End impunity now!
Police warn of man exposing himself near
Portland - A man was spotted exposing himself
near a Southeast Portland school Monday morning
and now police are warning people to beware of
the lurking sex offender.
“A subject was observed openly masturbating in
his vehicle parked near Southeast 26th Avenue
and Grant Street in view of the public. Four
female students from Hosford Middle School
walked past his vehicle on their way to school
and he soon started his car, followed them for
about a block and pulled over next to them as if
to make contact with them while still
masturbating,” said Lt. Kelli Sheffer with the
Portland Police Bureau.
Then, just a few minutes later, Sheffer said the
suspect contacted a different female student in
the same area, telling her he liked her shirt.
At one point, the man got out of the car and
walked after a student, police said.
The suspect was described as a Hispanic man in
his 20's to late 30's, about 5'2 and 150 pounds,
with very short dark hair, wearing a
light-colored shirt and dark pants or jeans.
Police said his head was almost shaved and he
had a mustache and a goatee.
His vehicle was described as an older model,
white 4-door smaller car, possibly a Pontiac,
with a dent on one of the front fenders,
possibly black wheels and black bumpers, with
black scratches on the rear passenger side
Anyone with information about the suspect was
urged to call 9-1-1.
Sep. 28, 2010
Arrested for Peeping in School Bathroom
Covina - Police have arrested a suspect accused
of peeping at a student in a bathroom stall at
Las Palmas Middle School in Covina.
The suspect, who told police his name was
Cristian Estrada Diaz, was arrested Tuesday
morning. His fingerprints, however, identified
him as Juan Hernandez, 31, according to Covina
Sgt. Dave Foster. Detectives are trying to
determine his true identity.
Foster says the man is a Covina resident. He
does not speak English and had no identification
on him, according to Foster.
The man was arrested on suspicion of making
contact with a minor with intent to commit a
The suspect is accused of entering the girls'
bathroom on Friday and crawling on his knees
under a bathroom stall to spy on a girl. He ran
when another student walked in and noticed him.
He fled on a blue bike...
Detectives are trying to figure out if the man
is responsible for other similar cases in the
Anyone with information is asked to call the
Covina Police Department at (626) 384-5808.
Sep. 28, 2010
We present full
bilingual coverage of the
American Congress on Human Trafficking
Buscaremos romper el cerco de los “guardianes
El delito de trata de personas es tan complejo,
que el discutir próximamente sobre el acceso a
la justicia y restitución de derechos para las
víctimas, permitirá a quienes estamos luchando
contra éste, homogeneizar criterios y exigir con
mejores herramientas a las autoridades
judiciales de Latinoamericana, que cumplan con
La directora Regional de la Coalición contra la
Trata y Tráfico de Mujeres y Niñas en América
Latina y el Caribe, Asociación Civil (CATW-LAC),
Teresa Ulloa Ziaurriz,
dijo a Cimacnoticias que la complejidad del
delito de trata, ha impedido su tipificación, y
por ende demostrarlo, para lograr sentenciar a
Al cierre del II Congreso Latinoamericano contra
la Trata y Tráfico de Personas: Migración,
Género y Derechos Humanos que se realizó en esta
ciudad, dijo que una vez que ya se conoce la
agenda del próximo Congreso a efectuarse en Perú
en 2012; el intercambio de ideas entre la
academia, organizaciones de la sociedad civil e
incluso con autoridades, generará ideas más
claras sobre cómo resolver la problemática.
Reconoció que en América Latina se ha avanzado
en la elaboración de leyes, pero no se ha
logrado que sean efectivas, que haya sentencias,
“ y yo coincido con lo que dicen las españolas
que los jueces son los guardianes más celosos
del patriarcado y eso es lo que tenemos que
We Seek to Break the Ring
of the Guardians of Patriarchy
The crime of human trafficking is hugely
complex. Therefore, during the next Congress on
Human Trafficking in Latin America, to be held
in Lima, Peru in 2012, the event will focus its
attentions on developing strategies to resolve
one of the largest problems that we face,
gaining access to equal justice and restitution
for victims. The 2012 Congress will allow those
who are fighting against modern human slavery to
collaborate to create a common legal framework
to address human trafficking and to demand
improved legal tools from Latin America's
judicial institutions. The Congress will also
insist that the region's governments must comply
with the laws governing these crimes.
Teresa Ulloa Ziaurriz,
director of the Coalition Against Trafficking of
Women and Girls for Latin America and the
[and a veteran women's rights lawyer in Mexico],
told the CIMAC News that the complexity of this
crime has impeded its classification [in the
criminal code] and use in sentencing traffickers
At the close of the Second Congress on Human
Trafficking, Migration, Gender and Human Rights,
held from Sep. 21 to 24, 2010 in Puebla, Mexico,
Ulloa declared that once the agenda for the 2012
Congress is determined, the mechanisms will be
in place that will allow for an exchange of
ideas between academics, civil society and
government officials, to generate clear
strategies in regard to what needs to be done to
effectively address this problem.
Ulloa recognized that laws have advanced across
Latin America. However those laws are not
enforced, resulting in a lack of the actual
sentencing of convicted traffickers. Ulloa, "I
agree with the what people say in Spain, that
judges are the most jealous guardians of
patriarchy. That [ring of power - old boy's
club] is what we have to break through..."
Sep. 27, 2010
Academic Secretary of the Second
Latin American Congress on Human
Trafficking, in a photo from an
earlier anti-trafficking press
Condena unánime contra migración forzada y
aumento de trata en AL
Pronunciamiento del II Congreso Latinoamericano
Puebla, Puebla - Con una condena a las
autoridades de Puebla, México y Latinoamérica,
que han reprimido a aquellas personas que se
atreven a denunciar y combatir el delito de
trata, y a la masacre de los migrantes
centroamericanos ejecutados hace unas semanas en
San Fernando, Tamaulipas, concluyó aquí el II
Congreso Latinoamericano sobre Trata y Tráfico
de Personas: Migración, Género y Derechos
Raquel Pastor, Secretaria Académica del Segundo
Congreso y representante del Centro de Estudios
Sociales y Culturales Antonio Montesinos AC de
México, al dar lectura al pronunciamiento
precisó que las y los integrantes al evento
condenan “los hechos que violentan los derechos
humanos, la migración forzada, el aumento de
casos de trata en la región”.
Demandamos, dijo, las investigaciones
correspondientes exhaustivas para que los
crímenes de Tamaulipas, no queden en la
impunidad y sean restituidos los derechos de las
familias de las víctimas.
De igual manera dijo, “condenamos también los
actos represivos y de persecución en contra de
aquellas personas que se atreven a denunciar,
como los que llevan a cabo algunos gobernantes
en Puebla, México y Latinoamérica para acallar y
encubrir la vulneración de los derechos de las
niñas víctimas de explotación sexual...
Second Latin American
Congress on Human Trafficking concludes with a
unanimous condemnation of forced migration and
slavery in Latin America
Puebla city in Puebla state – The Second Latin American Congress on
Human Trafficking ended four days of events
today by condemning government authorities in
Puebla State [Mexico], in Mexico itself as well
as among governments across Latin America for
repressing those persons who have dared to speak
up about, combat and report cases of human
trafficking. In addition, the Congress also
deplored the recent massacre of 72 Central and
South American migrants in the Mexican state of
Dr. Raquel Pastor, the Academic Secretary of the
Second Congress and a representative of the
Antonio Montesinos Center for Social and
Cultural Studies of Mexico, declared that the
participants in the Congress “denounce ongoing
events that violently deny human rights,
including forced migration and the increase in
human trafficking cases in the region.”
We demand, she said, exhaustive investigations
into the massacre in Tamaulipas, so that this
crime does not remain unchallenged, and so that
the rights of the victim’s families are
Equally, Dr. Pastor stated,
“we also condemn the acts
of repression and persecution that have been
taken against those persons who have dared to
report trafficking cases, such as those that
have been perpetrated by government officials
across Latin America, including in Puebla state,
the Lydia Cacho case], in their
efforts to cover-up and silence the sexual
exploitation of girl [and women] victims.
Dr. Pastor underlined the fact that the
participants in the Congress are speaking-up to
pressure the nations of Latin America to reform
and modernize their criminal justice systems, so
that the definition-of and persecution-of
trafficking crimes become focused on protecting
the dignity of girls, boys, adolescents and
Dr. Pastor asked that academic investigations be
undertaken with the participation of civil
society and government entities to allow for the
development of a body of knowledge about
trafficking, as well as to support the
development of public policies and protocols
that will result in actions and criminal
investigations that focus on those who suffer as
victims of these crimes.
Dr. Pastor stated - 'We demand these nations
address the proposals and the body of experience
that non-governmental organizations bring to the
table, and that they adopt the best practices
that NGOs have developed in the fields of
preventing trafficking, and attending to the
needs of victims. We especially call-upon Chile
and Paraguay to pass laws against human
trafficking, given that they are the only
nations in Latin America not to have done so.'
The Congress also expressed its support for
organizations in Puebla and Tlaxcala states, who
have developed the Agenda for the Protection of
Women and Girls Against Human Trafficking, and
who are demanding punishment for elected and
other officials at all levels of government who
have benefited from human trafficking
The creation of a Latin American 'Observatory'
[think tank] for Human Trafficking was
announced, with the goal of creating a center
that will allow for the analysis of
anti-trafficking efforts being carried out
across the nations of the region.
The Congress will also create a web site, a
system of statistical indicators, and will
create spaces to allow for dialog and reflection
among participants before and after each
The Third Latin American Congress on Human
Trafficking will take place in Lima, Peru in
2012. The themes will be: “Access to Justice and
the Restitution of Rights.”
Oscar Castro Soto, director of the Ignacio
Ellacuria Human Rights Institute at the
Ibero-American University in Puebla, stated that
some 600 persons attended the Second Congress.
Two hundred fifty presentations were make by
subject matter experts, and 7 sessions by
keynote speakers were presented.
Sep. 24, 201-
Haitian Women at Increased Risk of Trafficking
Puebla, Mexico - The January earthquake that
devastated Haiti put women and girls in the
poorest country in the hemisphere at an
increased risk of falling prey to people
trafficking, activists and experts warn.
"The phenomenon has become much more visible
since the earthquake, with the increase in the
forced displacement of persons," said Bridget
Wooding, a researcher who specializes in
immigration at the Latin American Faculty of
Social Sciences (FLACSO) in the Dominican
Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola
"There is huge vulnerability to a rise in human
trafficking and smuggling," she told IPS.
The Dominican Republic and the United States are
the main destinations for Haitian migrants. The
figures vary, but there are between 500,000 and
800,000 Haitians and people of Haitian descent
in the U.S. and between one and two million in
the Dominican Republic.
Women in Haiti "are exposed to forced
prostitution, rape, abandonment and
pornography," Mesadieu Guylande, a Haitian
expert with the Coalition Against Trafficking in
Women-Latin America and the Caribbean
(CATW-LAC), told IPS.
The situation in Haiti was one of the issues
discussed by representatives of NGOs, experts
and academics from throughout the region at the
Second Latin American Conference on Human
Smuggling and Trafficking, which ran Tuesday
through Friday in Puebla, 130 km south of Mexico
The 7.0-magnitude quake that hit the Haitian
capital on Jan. 12 and left a death toll of at
least 220,000 forced tens of thousands of people
to live in camps...
"We have evidence of a growth in trafficking and
smuggling of persons, which is reflected in the
increase in the number of children panhandling
in the streets of Santo Domingo, for example,"
said Wooding, co-author of the 2004 book "Needed
but Not Wanted", on Haitian immigration in the
The author was in Port-au-Prince when the quake
Even before the disaster, some 500,000 children
were not attending school in Haiti, a country of
around 9.5 million people, Guylande said.
Since 2007, there have been no convictions in
the Dominican Republic under Law 137-03 against
trafficking and smuggling, passed in 2003,
according to the U.S. State Department
Trafficking in Persons Report 2009.
As a result, the State Department reported that
the government of the Dominican Republic "does
not fully comply with the minimum standards for
the elimination of trafficking" and put the
country on its Tier 2 Watch List.
In Haiti, things are no different. Although the
government ratified the Protocol to Prevent,
Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons,
especially Women and Children, supplementing the
United Nations Convention against Transnational
Organized Crime, in force since Sept. 29, 2003,
it has failed to implement its provisions in
"The penal system is fragile and the judiciary
is neither independent nor trustworthy, a
situation that works in favor of traffickers,"
Sep. 24, 2010
Puebla, entre los estados que más producen
pornografía infantil, informa una ONG
México ocupa el primer lugar de América Latina
en la producción y distribución de pornografía
infantil, principalmente hacia Estados Unidos,
España y países de Oriente Medio, señaló ayer
Mayra Rojas Rosas, representante de la
Organización Infancia Común, durante el Segundo
Congreso Latinoamericano sobre Trata y Tráfico
de Personas que se realiza en la Universidad
Los estados con más casos de trata infantil,
puntualizó, son: Baja California, Sonora,
Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Guerrero, Quintana Roo,
Veracruz, Distrito Federal, Tlaxcala y Puebla.
“La gente cree que sólo son fotos o que sólo es
un video, pero eso daña y los daña para siempre
porque a veces son relaciones reales y otras
simuladas, pero esos niños están siendo
trastocados en su integridad y están siendo
sometidos a una serie de experiencias que no
tiene que sufrir un niño o un adolescente”,
Puebla – among the states with the highest rate
of producing child pornography – NGO
Mayra Rojas Rosas, director of the
non-governmental organization Common Infancy,
declared at the Second Latin American Congress
on Human Trafficking that Mexico occupies first
place among Latin American nations in the
production and distribution of child
pornography. She noted that most of these
illicit materials are destined to be sold in the
United States, Spain and in Middle Eastern
Rojas Rosas added that the states with the
highest levels of the
child pornography are Baja California, Sonora,
Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, Guerrero, Quintana Roo,
Veracruz, the Federal District [Mexico City],
Tlaxala and Puebla. “People think that it is
only a video, but participating in child
pornography damages the lives of the victims
forever. Some of the scenes are simulated, and
some are real, but the integrity of these
children is being disrupted. They are being
subjected to a series of experiences that no
child or adolescent should have to suffer
During a press conference on the subject, Rojas
Rosas lamented the fact that human trafficking
is being transformed into a business that is
larger and more easily sold than narcotics. In
response, she said, the only way to fight this
crime is through cooperation and a demand that
the problem be made ‘visible.’
“We are not talking about a problem of
persecution here. We are talking about the need
to engage in construction. We must change
legislation and generate spaces to provide for
an integral attention to the victims of
trafficking, so that they are given a chance to
develop a different type of life. The state must
assume part of the responsibility, because at
times, due to presumed acts of complicity and
omission, we have had problems,” said Rojas
In a separate press conference, Helen Le Goff, a
representative of the International Organization
for Migration (IOM) in Mexico, called upon
authorities to investigate and castigate
trafficking cases based upon their own sources
of information, without waiting for a formal
complaint to be filed by a victim (victim
complaint initiation is generally required by
Mexican law before a police investigation may be
During her presentation at the Congress, Le Goff
mentioned that studies conducted by Mexico’s
National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) estimate
that each year, 20,000 persons are victims of
human trafficking, principally in tourist cities
and in frontier regions. Most victims are
illegal immigrants, who have migrated from some
13 nations, including Guatemala, Honduras and El
Le Goff, “In addition to the 60% of victims who
experience labor trafficking, an additional 40%
were victims of sex trafficking.”
Le Goff concluded by stating that the the IOM is
launching a campaign called “No más trata de
personas” [No more Human Trafficking] in the
cities of Ciudad Juarez and Tapachula. The
project is being developed in collaboration with
the the CNDH. The project’s goal is to educate
the public about the risks of irregular
migration and human trafficking.
La Jornada de
Sep. 24, 2010
Giovanni, a nine-year-old girl who
lives in the violent Mexico City
neighborhood of Penitenciaria
Photo:Daniela Pastrana / IPS
Gender Violence Hits Behind the News
Mexico City - Amalia is an indigenous Maya girl
from a rural community in southern Quintana Roo,
on Mexico's Caribbean coast. She is 11 years
old, and in August became the youngest mother in
the country when she gave birth to a baby girl,
51 cm long and just under three kg.
Amalia was raped when she was 10, allegedly by
her stepfather. She did not have the option of
terminating the pregnancy because by the time it
emerged that she was pregnant it was too late
for a legal abortion.
Her case highlights the government's failures in
dealing with violence against girls, a
phenomenon that is overlooked due to the many
other types of violence plaguing Mexico, such as
the epidemic of drug-related murders, and the
human rights violations attributed to the
military and police.
Amalia "represents an accumulation of social
exclusions: she is female, a child, indigenous
and poor," Juan Martín Pérez, executive director
of the Network for Children's Rights in Mexico,
which brings together more than 50 pro-child
organizations, told TerraViva.
"It took more than 20 years for me to admit what
had happened. It's something that you never
forgive; you just learn to live with it," a
35-year-old professional from Mexico City told
TerraViva. She was sexually abused by an uncle
when she was Amalia's age.
In this Latin American country of 108 million
people, there are 18.4 million boys and 17.9
million girls under 18. Violence against
children occurs in one-third of households,
despite the many institutions across the country
entrusted with protecting their well-being.
A UNICEF (United Nations
Children's Fund) study ranked Mexico second for
mistreatment of children, after Portugal,
among the 33 member countries of the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD). The mortality rate
attributed to this phenomenon is 30 deaths for
every million minors.
According to UNICEF, a large portion of this
physical, sexual and psychological violence and
neglect remains hidden, and is sometimes
And while this crime is underreported, there is
even less information about the differences in
mistreatment based on gender. "There is a
statistical invisibility that prevents us from
getting a clear picture of the problem," said
Several recent studies provide isolated data for
an incomplete puzzle. For example, the latest
National Survey on Health and Nutrition reports
six pregnancies for every 1,000 girls ages 12 to
15, and 101 per 1,000 for ages 16 to 17.
In Quintana Roo, the state's secretary of
health, Juan Carlos Azueta, said that in 2009
5,500 adolescent pregnancies were reported, 16
percent of which were the result of rape -- a
proportion in line with the national average.
"I love my daughter, but I've never known how to
deal with her. She exasperates me, and I'm often
unfair to her," admitted Gloria, a mother of
three girls, whose eldest was born after she was
raped at the age of 15 by a married man.
"There is something in her that reminds me of
how I got pregnant, and nobody taught me how to
be a mother or how to deal with this memory
inside," said the abusive mother, who lives in
Atizapán, on the outskirts of Mexico City.
"La infancia cuenta" (Childhood Counts / 2009),
a web-based monitoring tool and publication by
the Network for Children's Rights in Mexico
dedicated to girls, states "there are specific
groups of females who are marginalized from the
educational system," such as adolescent mothers
or disabled or indigenous girls and adolescents.
According to Mexico's National Institute on
Statistics and Geography, 180,500 adolescent
mothers, ages 12 to 18, have not completed their
basic education. Girls have higher school
attendance rates than boys until age 16, when
the balance starts to tip, in part due to early
"At 15, I ran away from home with the man who is
now the father of my children, but things went
even worse for me," Citatli, now 45 and a
grandmother, told TerraViva. She lives in a
low-income neighborhood in the eastern part of
the Mexico City metropolitan area.
She had two children by the time she was 17,
"and the younger one was born prematurely after
I was beaten," she said. "I have always been
surrounded by violence. From my mother, my
brothers, my first husband, and now from my
children." Her only hope is that her five
grandchildren "don't turn out like that."
In Mexico, violent acts against girls,
adolescents and women are based on a social
construction that assumes males are superior,
several sources consulted by TerraViva agreed.
"We've made some limited progress, with a
federal law (against gender violence) and local
laws in all states, but we haven't seen
fundamental changes," said Axela Romero,
director of Integral Health for Women. "A
culture in which masculine is put above feminine
Giovanni, a nine-year-old girl who lives in the
violent Mexico City neighborhood of
Penitenciaria, knows all about that. She has
what is traditionally a boy's name because when
her mother was about to give birth to her
firstborn son, she lost the pregnancy due to "a
fright" when the father got involved in a fight.
So the name went to the little girl, when she
"I hate violence, and I hate it even more when
the men drink," Giovanni told TerraViva.
Years of gruesome unsolved murders of women --
known as "femicides" -- put Ciudad Juárez, on
Mexico's northern border, on the global map. At
least 800 women have been tortured and murdered
in the last 16 years, according to incomplete
Meanwhile, in some Mexican states, the laws are
tougher on women who undergo abortions than on
the rapists who impregnated them.
According to government surveys, more than 60
percent of male adolescents believe it is solely
the responsibility of the woman to take
precautions against pregnancy, and at least
one-fifth of students have witnessed incidents
at their schools, off in a corner, where one or
more boys inappropriately touched a girl without
But those incidents, like other forms of
aggression against girls, are likewise abandoned
in a corner.
*This story was
originally published by IPS TerraViva with the
support of UNIFEM and the Dutch MDG3 Fund.
Service (IPS) / TerraViva
Sep. 21, 2010
Bicentennial Nothing to Celebrate, Say
Mexico City - "I don't understand why we should
celebrate [Independence]. There will be no
freedom in Mexico until repression against
indigenous peoples is eliminated," says Sadhana,
whose name means "moon" in the indigenous
Over the course of the year, the Mexican
government has organized a series of lavish
celebrations to mark the 200th anniversary of
the start of the war of independence against the
Spanish Empire, Sep. 16, 1810. The main events,
held Sep. 15, included a military parade with
soldiers from several other countries and a
But to many of Mexico's indigenous peoples, the
festivities are an alien concept.
According to indigenous organizations, at least
a third of Mexico's 108 million people are of
native descent. But the government's National
Council on Population says the majority of
Mexicans are mestizo (of mixed European and
indigenous ancestry), while 14 million belong to
one of the country's 62 native groups.
"There is no birth certificate or other official
document that says we are indigenous. The
official calculations are based on the census
that asks just one question about this: if you
speak an indigenous language. That is the only
element they use to define who is indigenous,"
said Julio Atenco Vidal, of the Regional
Coordinator of Sierra de Zongolica Indigenous
Organisations, in the southeastern state of
"Furthermore, there are many who say they are
not indigenous, because it is associated with
backwardness," he told IPS.
Registered by her Mazahua parents with the name
"Daleth Ignacio Esquivel," Sadhana, 14,
participates in a dance group of Mexica origin.
They promote the recovery of their ancestral
language among youths in San Miguel, a town in
the central state of Mexico.
In the latest census of population and housing,
conducted in May and June, the question about
personal ethnic identification was added...
Of all the segments of the population,
indigenous women have the worst living
conditions, according to the National Commission
for the Development of Indigenous Peoples. These
women suffer serious health problems resulting
from nutritional deficiencies and high birth
From childhood, indigenous girls are obligated
to help their mothers. They tend to marry
between ages 13 and 16. And their "normal"
workday can last 18 hours daily.
Meanwhile, illiteracy among indigenous children
is five times greater than among mestizo
An extreme case of indigenous exclusion is found
in San Juan Copala, in the southern state of
Oaxaca, home of the Triqui community, which
declared itself "autonomous" in 2007. The Triqui
people have been under siege since January by
illegal armed groups that block the entry of
food and medicine, and teachers. Governmental
authorities have yet to intervene.
The ongoing harassment has led to at least a
dozen deaths since 2007 and earned a
denunciation from the United Nations Office of
the High Commissioner of Human Rights. In April,
the armed groups ambushed an international
humanitarian convoy that was attempting to bring
supplies to the Triqui village.
"We are celebrating the
construction of a type of stratified and racist
state, which is what has been created in Mexico,
often based on liberal ideas," said Rodolfo
Stavenhagen, a researcher at the Colegio de
México and former UN special rapporteur on the
situation of the human rights and fundamental
freedoms of indigenous peoples.
"Now is a good time to reform the concept of
'nation'. We must take steps in building an
indigenous citizenry and indigenous spaces that
have never before appeared in Mexico's
institutional fabric," Stavenhagen told IPS.
Along similar lines, 177 organizations from 15
states are working to breathe new life into the
indigenous movement. It has been largely
stagnant since 2001, when the government quashed
the efforts towards autonomy by the indigenous
Zapatista National Liberation Army, which took
up arms in January 1994 in the southern state of
Now, in a new national and international
context, the organizations are pursuing a model
of a "plurinational" and "pluricultural" state,
one that includes Mexico's array of indigenous
ethnicities "without adulteration or
"We don't have anything to celebrate," reads a
declaration from the National Indigenous
Movement, which met in the capital on Sep. 15
while the rest of the country commemorated 200
years of the Mexican republic.
The movement questioned "the irrational festive
nature of the great national celebration," on
which the government spent 200 million dollars,
"while our peoples are fighting hunger and
Sep. 24, 2010
- Co-organizer and Participant in the Second
Latin-American Congress on Migrant Smuggling and
The [United Nations affiliated] International
Organization for Migration (IOM) is
participating in the second Latin American
Congress on Migrant Smuggling and Human
Trafficking, taking place this week in Puebla,
The four-day event co-organized by IOM which
ends today, brings together hundreds of
government officials, experts from international
organizations, researchers, civil society and
students, as well as the general public, to
discuss issues of common concern related to
migrant smuggling and human trafficking in
More than 250 international experts are
presenting their counter-trafficking work and
shared experiences, with the more than 350
participants from every country in the
The main objective of the Congress is to promote
active discussion amongst key actors combating
human trafficking in Latin America, in order to
encourage the development of public policies and
legislation against trafficking in the region.
IOM Mexico, as a member of the Latin-American
Committee of the Congress, has been coordinating
as well as organizing the event. IOM experts
from Mexico, Costa Rica and Nicaragua have
participated in different panels, presenting IOM
activities in the region as well as discussing
the link between migration and human trafficking
and the need for protection of the human rights
of all migrants.
In Latin America, human trafficking for sexual
and labor exploitation has reached alarming
proportions in recent years. Since 2000, when
the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish
Trafficking in Persons was approved, many Latin
American countries have updated or drafted anti
human trafficking laws and have put in place
public policies aimed at combating the crime and
providing vital protection to the victims.
Organized criminal networks earn billions of
dollars each year from the traffic and
exploitation of persons who suffer severe
violations of their human rights. Common abuses
experienced by trafficking victims include rape,
torture, debt bondage, unlawful confinement, and
threats against their family or other persons
close to them, as well as other forms of
physical, sexual and psychological violence.
According to Mexico’s National Human Rights
Commission (CNDH by its Spanish acronym), with
whom IOM Mexico has recently signed a
cooperation agreement, each year more than
20,000 persons fall victim to human trafficking
in Mexico, mainly in border areas and in tourist
"Data on human trafficking in Mexico is rare and
there are only estimations on this serious
problem," said Thomas Lothar Weiss, IOM Chief of
Mission in Mexico.
"What we know is that Chiapas and Chihuahua,
where IOM has sub-offices, are two of the main
states of origin and destination of trafficking
in Mexico. One of the worst forms of trafficking
detected recently in Mexico is linked with the
kidnapping of people for recruitment in the
organized criminal groups," Weiss added...
Hélène Le Goff
Organization for Migration (IOM) México
Sep. 24, 2010
Chase leads deputies to possible human
San Antonio - A chase led Bexar County deputies
to a home they say may be part of human
Deputies chased a stolen truck to a home in the
11,000 block of Jarrett Road in Far Southwest
Bexar County around 11:00 a.m. Friday. The
deputies found 17 illegal immigrants living
inside the home in horrible conditions.
Investigators believe the illegal immigrants
were smuggled here and stayed cramped up inside
the small home, sleeping wherever they could
"The living conditions are pretty bad," said
Sgt. R. Fletcher of the Bexar County Sheriff's
Department. "And we're talking about 15 to 17
people in a 3 bedroom home..."
Sep. 24, 2010
Woman faces first such Manitoba charge; Victim
forced into prostitution, police say
Manitoba's first-ever human trafficking charge
has been laid after an older woman befriended a
21-year-old woman from northern Manitoba, then
allegedly forced her into the sex trade.
The 38-year-old is accused of taking the
victim's identification and clothing, punching
her in a fight and stopping her twice as she
attempted to run away, Winnipeg police said
The pair lived in a home in the 300 block of
Aikens Street. The older woman forced the girl
to turn over the cash she made to pay for food
and a roof over her head, investigators believe.
The Winnipeg Police Service vice unit began
probing the case after officers were initially
called to the home on a complaint of a fight
The woman was arrested Wednesday.
"The best way to describe it is we have an
individual whose human rights have been violated
to an extreme," said WPS spokesman Const. Jason
Michalyshen, noting investigators believe the
abuse started earlier this month.
"It's certainly not something we come across on
a regular basis."
The Criminal Code added a specific section
against human trafficking in 2005.
The Criminal Code describes a trafficker in
human beings as "a person (who) exploits another
person if they cause the victim to provide
labour or service for fear of their safety or
the safety of someone known to them."
...A source said the victim is from a remote
First Nations [indigenous] community and lived
in two city shelters before moving in with the
Theresa Peebles is charged with forcible
confinement, assault and three counts of
trafficking. All charges date from Sept. 5 to
Sept. 20 this year...
"These types of charges are difficult to lay.
There's a lot of criteria that need to be
established, and because it is fairly new
legislation, fairly new law, members of the
policing community are still learning and being
educated about it," Michalyshen said.
The Winnipeg Free
Sep. 24, 2010
Added: Sep. 24, 2010
Mexico, Latin America
y de los Ríos
of Mexico's Network for Women’s Life and
Liberty, speaks at the Second Latin
American Congress on Human Trafficking
con derechos y ciudadanía, debe exigir la sociedad
Lagarde en Congreso sobre Trata y Tráfico
El delito de trata de
personas no sólo debe ser visto como un hecho del
crimen organizado, sino como resultado de una
complejidad social apabullante, que abarca a la
sociedad y al Estado, y que éste último no se ha
reformado para hacer frente a sus obligaciones
legales, afirmó aquí la feminista Marcela Lagarde y
de los Ríos.
Ante los comités de
organización y académico del II Congreso
Latinoamericano sobre Trata y Tráfico de Personas:
Migración, Género y Derechos Humanos, se pronunció
por recurrir a los aportes teóricos de la
investigación de la perspectiva de género, para
definir y diferenciar los límites precisos sobre los
riesgos de ser objeto de trata, que corren las
mujeres y las niñas, por edad, clase social,
etnicidad, condiciones de migración, de legalidad e
with our rights of citizenship, must make demands
Feminist activist Marcela Lagarde addresses the
Second Latin American Congress on Human Trafficking
In her presentation
before the Second Latin American Congress on Human
Trafficking, feminist activist Marcela Lagarde y de
los Ríos stated that human trafficking should not be
seen only as an act perpetrated by organized crime,
but also as a overwhelmingly powerful social complex
that envelops our society and the state. In
response, she said, government has not reformed
itself to accept its legal obligations in this area.
During her presentation:
Human Rights Synergies for Women in Response to
Human Trafficking, Lagarde, who is the president of
the Network for Women’s Life and Liberty (in
Mexico), went on to discuss the fact that
investigating human trafficking from a gender
perspective requires that we understand the risks
that women and girls face upon becoming victims of
trafficking, because of their gender, social class,
ethnicity and their legal or illegal condition of
Lagarde explained that
when, for example, the topic of immigrants is
discussed, the term “inmigrantes”
(immigrants), not “las
migrantes” (women immigrants) is used.
declared, this imposes a brutal form of
discrimination when the topic of human
trafficking is discussed. When the term “personas”
(persons) is used in the context of our patriarchal
discourse, the term means, specifically, men.
Thus, the term
‘trafficking in persons’ is never translated to mean
that the human slavery of women and girls exists.
Female victims are almost never mentioned in the
context of human trafficking [in Mexico]. This
omission contributes to their invisibility.
Lagarde went on to say
that, if we approach the problem of human
trafficking without using a gender-based
perspective, we cannot arrive at a point where we
understand that this problem “is closely associated
with the [intentional] domination and dehumanization
These factors cause
society to focus its solutions to trafficking on
targeting organized crime, while at the same time
failing to work toward equality between men and
women and a respect for the sexual and reproductive
rights of girls and adolescents, said Lagarde...
The CIMAC Women's
Sep. 22, 2010
Mexico, Latin America
Ibero-American University rector David
Fernández Dávalos, shown at another
university event - spoke at the opening
ceremonies of the Second Latin American
Congress on Human Trafficking
Erradicar la trata no “le importa a nadie”:
Latinoamericano sobre Trata y Tráfico de Personas
Cada año, cerca de 100
mil mujeres provenientes de países de América Latina
y el Caribe, son llevadas con engaños y falsas
promesas de empleo, a diversas naciones del mundo,
sin que se conozcan las cifras nacionales oficiales,
estudios, las estadísticas, ni los informes
cuantitativos que permitan evidenciar el fenómeno de
la trata de personas.
Al inaugurar aquí el
Segundo Encuentro Latinoamericano sobre Trata y
Tráfico de Personas: Migración, Género y Derechos
Humanos, el rector de la Universidad Iberoamericana,
Puebla, David Fernández Dávalos, lamentó que este
problema no le importe a nadie, “ni a la academia,
ni a los gobernantes, ni a gran parte de la sociedad
En el mundo, dijo, más
de 4 millones de personas son víctimas del delito de
trata y de esa cifra, el 80 por ciento es sufrida
por mujeres, niños y niñas en sus diversas formas de
continuó, a la trata con fines de explotación sexual
y laboral, la adopción ilegal, el comercio de
órganos y el tráfico de droga, se suma la venta de
niñas y adolescentes en comunidades indígenas de
México, los abusos en el servicio doméstico, los
matrimonios serviles y la violencia familiar, son
validadas por sistemas patriarcales, machistas y
conservadores, que limitan la problemática y la
Ibero-American University rector David Fernández
Dávalos: "Nobody cares about eradicating human
Each year, close to
100,000 Latin American and Caribbean women are
taken, through the use of offers of work and other
false promises, to nations around the world. We do
not know the real numbers of victims. Neither
official national estimates nor quantitative studies
can really tell us the true scope of human
During the opening
ceremonies of the Second Latin American Congress on
Human Trafficking, which is being held on the campus
of the Ibero-American University in the city of
Puebla, in Puebla state, university rector David
Fernández Dávalos lamented that nobody cares about
human trafficking, "neither academia, nor those in
government, nor the great majority of civil
Fernández Dávalos noted
that globally, some 4 million persons are victims of
human trafficking. Of these, 80% are women and
children who suffer through diverse forms of sexual
Fernández Dávalos, in addition to the traditional
categories of sex and labor trafficking, illegal
adoptions, organ trafficking and drug trafficking,
we must also add the sale of children and youth in
the indigenous communities of Mexico [they are 30%
of the national population], abuses found in
domestic service, servile marriages and family
violence. These problems are all validated by [our]
conservative and machista [machismo-based]
patriarchal systems, which work to diminish
action to respond to the problem.
presented figures compiled by the Civil Guard of
Spain which indicate that 70% of the female victims
of human trafficking in that nation come originally
from Latin America, while in Japan, an estimated
1,700 Latin America women are held as sex slaves.
declared that public strategies must be created to
address human trafficking in each region of Latin
America. Today efforts at prevention, protection and
prosecution are inadequate.
Oscar Arturo Castro, who
is the director of the Ignacio Ellacuria Human
Rights Center at the university as well as member of
the organizing committee of the Congress, argued
that the dynamics of migration must be studied as
part of the problem of human slavery. Castro,
"because organized crime is taking advantage of
crime] exploits migration driven by greed, and
disregards human dignity, a reality that we can
observe in the example of the recent massacre of 72
Central American migrants in Tamaulipas, as well as
in the cases of the thousands of Central [and South]
American migrants who are kidnapped by drug
trafficking gangs across the entire territory of
The opening ceremonies
of the Congress were also attended by José Manuel
Grima, president of the Congress and Teresa Ulloa
Ziaurríz, director of the Coalition Against the
Trafficking Women and Girls - Latin American and
Caribbean branch. Some 300 presenters are expected
during the 4 days of planned conference sessions.
The CIMAC Women's
Sep. 21, 2010
Latina ineficaz en combate a trata de personas
Puebla city in Puebla state, Mexico - El combate a
la trata de personas ha sido ineficaz y ha derivado
en la creación de mercados intrarregionales, según
especialistas y activistas de América Latina
reunidos desde este martes en esta ciudad mexicana.
"El combate ha terminado en respuestas más formales
que reales, como los cambios legales. No hay interés
de los estados, no es una prioridad", criticó a IPS
Ana Hidalgo, de la oficina en Costa Rica de la
Organización Internacional para las Migraciones
(OIM), la institución intergubernamental que
promueve una migración ordenada y justa.
Hidalgo forma parte de los 450 académicos y
activistas que participan en Puebla, a 129
kilómetros al sur de Ciudad de México, en el Segundo
Congreso Latinoamericano sobre Trata y Tráfico de
Personas, inaugurado este martes y que concluirá
este viernes 24.
"Se atiende a una víctima y se inicia un proceso
penal, pero no hay sentencia porque hay impunidad.
El consumidor, léase el prostituyente o el violador,
no está captado en la fórmula", señaló la abogada
Ana Chávez, del Servicio Paz y Justicia de
En México cada año unas 20.000 personas serían
víctimas de la trata, según el no gubernamental
Centro de Estudios e Investigación en Desarrollo y
Asistencia Social (CEIDAS), uno de cuyos ejes es el
estudio de ese fenómeno.
En América Latina esa cifra es de 250.000 personas,
con una ganancia de 1.350 millones de dólares para
las bandas, según estadísticas de la mexicana
Secretaría (ministerio) de Seguridad Pública. Pero
los datos sobre el fenómeno son variables, si bien
las Naciones Unidas subraya que el delito se ha
exacerbado en el comienzo del siglo...
Inter Press Service
(IPS) / TerraViva
Sep. 21, 2010
English Language Version:
America: Five Million Women Have Fallen Prey to
The fight against human
trafficking in Latin America is ineffective and has
led to the emergence of intra-regional markets for
the trade, according to experts and activists
meeting this week in this Mexican city.
'Responses to the trade
in human beings have been more formal than real, as
have the changes in legislation. Governments are not
interested: it is not their priority,' Ana Hidalgo,
from the Costa Rican office of the International
Organization for Migration (IOM), told IPS.
Hidalgo is one of the
450 academics and activists taking part in the
Second Latin American Conference on Smuggling and
Trafficking of Human Beings, under the theme
'Migrations, Gender and Human Rights', Sept. 21-24
in Puebla, 129 kilometers south of Mexico City.
Ana Chávez, a lawyer
with Argentina's Peace and Justice Service (SERPAJ)
said, 'Victims are listened to, and criminal
prosecutions are initiated, but no one is sentenced
because of impunity. The consumers, that is, the
pimps, clients or rapists, do not come into the
In Mexico some 20,000
people a year fall victim to the modern-day slave
trade, according to the Centre for Studies and
Research on Social Development and Assistance
(CEIDAS), which monitors the issue.
The total number of
victims in Latin America amounts to 250,000 a year,
yielding a profit of 1.35 billion dollars for the
traffickers, according to statistics from the
Mexican Ministry of Public Security. But the data
vary widely. Whatever the case, the United Nations
warns that human trafficking has steadily grown over
the past decade.
Organizations like the
Coalition Against Trafficking of Women and Girls in
Latin America and the Caribbean (CATW-LAC) estimate
that over five million girls and women have been
trapped by these criminal networks in the region,
and another 10 million are in danger of falling into
Latin America is a
source and destination region for human trafficking,
a crime that especially affects the Dominican
Republic, Brazil and Colombia.
The conference host,
David Fernández Dávalos, president of the
Ibero-American University of Puebla (UIA-Puebla),
said in his inaugural speech that human trafficking
is a modern and particularly malignant version of
slavery, only under better cover and disguises.
On Aug. 31, U.N.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged member states to
implement a Global Plan of Action to Combat
Trafficking in Persons, because it is 'among the
worst human rights violations,' constituting
'slavery in the modern age,' and preying mostly on
'women and children.'
The congress coincides
with the International Day Against the Sexual
Exploitation and Trafficking of Women and Children
on Thursday, instituted in 1999 by the World
Conference of the Coalition Against Trafficking in
and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Mexico
concur that criminal mafias in this country have
been proved to combine trafficking in persons with
drug trafficking, along both the northern and
southern land borders (with the United States and
with Guatemala, respectively)...
In Mexico, a federal Law
to Prevent and Punish Trafficking in Persons has
been on the books since 2007, but the government has
yet to create a national program to implement it,
although this is stipulated in the law itself.
The Puebla Congress,
which follows the first such conference held in
Buenos Aires in 2008, is meeting one month after the
massacre of 72 undocumented migrants in the
northeastern state of Tamaulipas, which exemplified
the connection between drug trafficking and
trafficking in persons, and drew International
attention to the dangers faced by migrants in
Miguel Ortega, a member
of the Democratic Alliance of Civil Society
Organizations, a Mexican umbrella group representing
50 NGOs, told IPS: 'In first place, the problem is
invisible, and until the state makes appropriate
changes to the laws, there will be no progress. We
want to see prompt and decisive action.'
IOM's Hidalgo said, 'our
investigations and research have found that
Nicaraguan women are trafficked into Guatemala and
Costa Rica, and Honduran women are trafficked into
Guatemala and Mexico.'
Women from Colombia and
Peru have been forced into prostitution in the
southern Ecuadorean province of El Oro, according to
a two-year investigation by Martha Ruiz, a
consultant responsible for updating and redrafting
Ecuador's National Plan against Human Trafficking.
SERPAJ's Chávez said,
'We have not been able to get governments to take
responsibility for investigating these crimes. The
states themselves are a factor in generating these
Out of the 32 Mexican
states, eight make no reference to human trafficking
in their state laws. Mario Fuentes, head of CEIDAS,
wrote this week in the newspaper Excélsior that the
country is laboring under 'severe backwardness and
challenges in this field, because it lacks a
national program to deal with the problem, as well
as a system of statistics.'
Inter Press Service
Sep. 22, 2010
Democratic U.S. Senator
Patrick Leahy of Vermont has insisted
upon linking U.S. aid to human rights
improvements in Mexico
groups against giving US anti-drug aid to Mexico
groups Tuesday urged US lawmakers not to authorize
36 million dollars in anti-drug trafficking aid to
Mexico because of human rights violations by its
Mexico City - Human
rights groups Tuesday urged US lawmakers not to
authorize 36 million dollars in anti-drug
trafficking aid to Mexico because of human rights
violations by its security forces.
"Releasing these funds
would send the message that the United States
condones the grave human rights violations committed
in Mexico, including torture, rape, killings, and
enforced disappearances," they said in a letter to
Seven human rights
groups signed the petition including Amnesty
International, Human Rights Watch, the Washington
Office on Latin America and Mexico's Association for
the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights.
An annual US State
Department report on September 2 gave the Senate its
assessment of the state of human rights in Mexico,
required before the disbursement of additional aid
in the Plan Merida drug interdiction program, under
which Mexico got 36 million dollars last year.
Mexico is facing
spiraling drug-related violence that has cost the
lives of more than 28,000 murders since 2006,
despite a major police-military crackdown on crime
by President Felipe Calderon.
The rights groups
recognized that Mexico was facing "a severe public
"However, human rights
violations committed by Mexican security forces are
not only deplorable in their own right, but also
significantly undermine the effectiveness of
Mexico's public security efforts."
Sep. 15, 2010
The CIMAC women’s news
agency’s collection of more than 370 factual
articles on cases of the rape of civilian women in
Mexico by military service members.
author and anti-trafficking activist
Lydia Cacho Ribeiro
Photo: CIMAC Women's
News Agency - Mexico
Internacional al Escritor Valiente para Lydia Cacho
y denuncia de red de pederastia en México
La periodista Lydia Cacho Ribeiro recibirá el
próximo 20 de octubre el Premio Internacional al
Escritor Valiente, que otorga la Asociación de
Escritores PEN Internacional, distinción que se
confiere a quienes escriben y sufren persecución por
En un comunicado, la Asociación sin fines de lucro
informó que otorgará a Cacho el reconocimiento por
su investigación y denuncia de una red de
pederastia, y sus presuntos vínculos con autoridades
y empresarios en México...
Lydia Cacho receives
award for valiant
This coming 20th of October, 2010,
journalist and author Lydia Cacho Ribeiro will
receive International Writer of Courage Prize from
the PEN international writer’s association. The
prize is awarded to writers who face persecution for
a press release, the non-profit association declared
that Cacho had been chosen in recognition of her
investigation and denunciation of a child sex
trafficking network that is presumed to have had
ties with Mexican business leaders and authorities.
PEN press release mentioned that, after the release
of her 2005 book about the case, the “Demons of
Eden, The Powers Behind Pornography,” Cacho was
arrested, accused of defamation and became the
subject of death threats.
Cacho is a member of the editorial board of the
CIMAC women’s news agency, for which she serves as
its correspondent in the city of Cancun. She is also
a co-founder of the Journalists Network of Mexico,
Central America and the Caribbean. Since the year
2000, Cacho has been a special consultant on human
rights and women’s health issues for the United
Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM).
her most recent book, “Slaves of Power, A Journey to
the Heart of the Sex Trafficking of Women and Girls
Across the World,” Cacho reveals that between 20,00
and half a million victims of trafficking exist [in
Mexico]. The great majority exist to make profits
for the prostitution mafias.
Cacho spent 5 years researching the operations of
large and small international sex trafficking
organizations. She conducted interviews with a large
number of victims as well as actual members of the
trafficking mafias. See the CIMAC article on Cacho’s
work at this
Cacho’s efforts have been recognized in awards from:
Human Rights Watch; Mexico’s National Journalism
Prize; the Amnesty Award of 2007, the Oxfam Award of
2007; the 2009 Hermila Galindo prize for her
distinguished work in defense and promotion of human
rights for women.
April of 2010, Cacho was selected as the World Hero
for Press Freedom by the International Press
Institute. Cacho was also one of 60 journalists
honored during the World Congress, celebrated in
During September, 2010, Cacho received the Manuel
Leguineche International Journalism Prize, which was
awarded to her by the Spanish Federation of
Journalism Associations (FAPE). That prize was
dedicated by FAPE to the many journalists who have
been murdered in Mexico.
By the Editors
CIMAC Women's News
Sep. 17, 2010
journalist Lydia Cacho receives PEN prize
London - A Mexican journalist who was arrested and
threatened after exposing a pedophile ring is to
receive a major writing prize.
Writers' charity PEN says Lydia Cacho is the
recipient of its International Writer of Courage
Prize, which goes to writers persecuted for their
Cacho was arrested, charged with libel and received
death threats after publishing a book about a child
sex abuse ring involving business figures in Cancun
The awards will be presented in London on Oct. 20.
The Associated Press
Sep. 16, 2010
Journalist / Activist
Lydia Cacho is
Railroaded by the Legal
Process in Mexico for Having
Networks In Mexico
The World, Chile
Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
(right) with former Chilean president
Michelle Bachelet, on 14 September 2010
Bachelet: ONU Mujeres Será un Enorme Desafío
La ex presidenta de Chile, Michelle Bachelet
describió su nombramiento al frente de ONU Mujeres
como un enorme desafío que acoge con beneplácito.
En una entrevista exclusiva con la Radio de la ONU,
Bachelet indicó que su designación representa un
reconocimiento a los logros de su gobierno y a los
avances de su país en políticas destinadas al
adelanto de la mujer.
Consideró que su experiencia como mandataria y su
relación con otros jefes de Estado contribuirán a
avanzar en el objetivo de la igualdad de los
“Mi experiencia también en todo lo vinculado al
trabajo de igualdad de las mujeres, igualdad de
derechos, a luchar contra la violencia, a luchar
contra la discriminación, esta ha sido la historia
de mi vida. No sólo con respecto a las mujeres, sino
de los hombres, mujeres, niños, ancianos. Toda esta
experiencia la quiero entregar en esta tarea que es
la dirección de esta nueva estructura de Naciones
La nueva Entidad para la Igualdad entre los Géneros,
“ONU Mujeres”, fue creada por la Asamblea General el
pasado 2 de julio, y fusiona cuatro organismos de la
ONU que se ocupaban del tema. Comenzará a operar en
enero de 2011.
Radio ONU - UN Radio
Sep. 15, 2010
Chilean president to head new high-profile UN
Ban Ki-moon (right) with Michelle Bachelet
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today named former
Chilean president Michelle Bachelet to head United
Nations Women (UN Women), a newly created entity to
oversee all of the world body’s programmes aimed at
promoting women’s rights and full participation in
The new body – which will receive a large boost in
funding and become operational in January – merges
four UN agencies and offices: the UN Development
Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Division for the
Advancement of Women (DAW), the Office of the
Special Adviser on Gender Issues, and the UN
International Research and Training Institute for
the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW).
“UN Women will promote the interests of women and
girls across the globe,” Mr. Ban told reporters in
announcing the appointment. “Ms. Bachelet brings to
this critical position a history of dynamic global
leadership, highly honed political skills and
uncommon ability to create consensus and focus among
UN agencies and many partners in both the public and
“I’m confident that under her strong leadership we
can improve the lives of millions of women and girls
throughout the world.”
Ms. Bachelet, Chile’s first female president who
prioritized women’s issues throughout her tenure and
since leaving office has been working with UNIFEM to
advocate for the needs of Haitian women following
January’s devastating earthquake, was chosen over
two other candidates.
The new entity is set to have an annual budget of at
least $500 million, double the current combined
resources of the four agencies it comprises.
“As you know the creation of UN Women is the
culmination of almost four years’ effort and today’s
announcement has been made possible thanks to the
hard work of the Member States and the many partners
who share our commitment to this agenda, and this
has been a top and very personal priority of mine,”
Mr. Ban said.
He stressed that at next week’s UN Summit on the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) women and
children will be “at the very core of our final
push” to realize the ambitious targets for slashing
extreme poverty and hunger, maternal and infant
mortality, rampant diseases, and lack of access to
education and health services, all by the deadline
The United Nations
Sep. 14, 2010
Named Head of UN Agency for Women
Former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet became
the head of UN Women, a new agency that merges four
UN agencies devoted to women’s and gender issues. In
his announcement of the position, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “Ms. Bachelet
brings to this critical position a history of
dynamic global leadership.”
Americas Quarterly -
Sep. 16, 2010
Closes Open-Door Policy
Authorities announced that Ecuador will begin
requiring entry visas for visitors from nine Asian
and African countries, ending the country’s policy
of universal free entry. The government says it
added the exceptions to its visa laws in an effort
to stop the use of Ecuador as a base for human
trafficking, reports IPS News.
Americas Quarterly -
Sep. 16, 2010
Governments seek coordination to fight sex
Child trafficking is one of the fastest growing
crimes in the world - an underground business, often
conducted on the internet, and driven by enormous
profits. According to UNICEF, an estimated 2.5
million children, the majority of them girls, are
sexually exploited in the multibillion-dollar
commercial sex industry.
While the problem is usually associated with
countries with unstable economic and political
systems, today it is the biggest in Europe, the
United States, Russia and Africa.
[We disagree with the
conclusion that . Mexico alone has many more victims
of child sex trafficking than the United States. The
Dominican Republic, Colombia, Peru, Brazil and
Argentina each have more child victims than the U.S.
has at any given time. It is unacceptable that the
Latin American sex trafficking problem remains
'invisible' to large segments of journalists,
researchers and decision makers. Human smuggling and
trafficking in Mexico amounts to a $15 to $20
billion per year criminal industry. The UN's
International Organization for Migration has noted
that sex trafficking across Latin America totals an
estimated $16 billion in annual revenues. That
amount in half of the commonly used global number
for all human trafficking profits - $32 billion. -
"Last year we identified 56 cases of young people
who have experienced sexual exploitation just in the
Washington D.C. area," Andrea Powell, executive
director of FAIR Fund stated. Powell co-founded the
organization eight years ago to stop the trafficking
of youth worldwide. It has assisted thousands of
teen-aged girls and boys so far in the United
States, Bosnia, Serbia, Russia and Uganda.
"Asia" is one of her group's success stories: Lured
into prostitution, she often worked 15-hour days in
the sex trade…"It was just gross. I separated
myself, my mind; I was in another place when it
happened," she recalls, "It was like it was not me."
...FAIR Fund helped her turn her life around.
"To put it in a nutshell, they have helped me
transform to who I am now," Asia says, "I am not the
same person. "But for every "Asia" there are many
more who are not so fortunate.
U.S. Congressman Chris Smith is one of the strongest
advocates for rights of victims of human
"At least a 100,000 American girls, mostly runaways,
average age of 13, are on the streets. And within 48
hours, if they are not brought back home or to some
shelter, through the use of drugs, crack cocaine, or
some other harmful drugs, the pimps are able to turn
those girls into forced prostitutes," Smith said.
"They abuse them, they rape them. They get STDs,
including HIV and AIDS."
Many children are brought to the U.S. from other
countries, mostly Latin America, Southeast Asia,
south and eastern Europe. Roma children are often
brought from Bosnia or Serbia to steal or clean
houses. Children from East Africa are brought to
work as domestic servants or farm labor, while
children from India are forced to work in the
garment business. Their families often do not have
any idea what has become of them. In many countries,
including the US, even police officers who come to
brothels or strip clubs buy sex from the victims
instead of helping them...
Amra Alirejsovic writes for
Voice of America.
Sep. 13, 2010
Chicago man gets 30 years for molesting girls
After the West Chicago woman returned home from her
daughters' school event, the two girls told her a
secret they shared about her live-in boyfriend.
"I had no idea what I was about to hear," the mother
wrote in a victim-impact statement. "Both my
daughters then said that he had sexually molested
them. I am so angry because this man has taken
something so sacred. They are going to have to live
with the pain and memories of his actions for the
rest of their lives."
Francisco Moyotl was sentenced Thursday to 30 years
in prison after he pleaded guilty to committing
predatory criminal sexual assault of a child and
aggravated criminal sexual abuse.
The 42-year-old West Chicago man must serve 85
percent of the prison term before being eligible for
parole. He also likely will face deportation because
he is not a U.S. citizen...
The Daily Herald
Sep. 16, 2010
New York, USA
32-year-old sex offender arrested for rape of
75-year-old woman in Bronx
A hulking sex offender raped a 75-year-old Bronx
woman who employed his mother as a caretaker, police
Marcos Cuevas sneaked into a private senior citizens
residence on Sunday and had wormed his way into the
apartment of another woman - a neighbor of the
victim - when she happened to come by for a visit,
"I'm looking for my mother," the brawny pervert told
"She's not here," the elderly victim replied. "She's
off on weekends."
So Cuevas, 32, tied the wrists of the victim and her
76-year-old pal behind their backs - and then raped
the younger woman, police said.
The tattooed terror, who stands 6-foot-2 and weighs
295 pounds, also robbed the 76-year-old of $10
before fleeing the Bronx building, cops said.
When detectives arrived, the rape victim had no
problem identifying her attacker because his mom,
Iris, works as a home care attendant for her
95-year-old mother, police said.
A Level 3, or high risk, sex offender, Cuevas was
caught later on E. 141st St. in Manhattan.
Cuevas was charged with rape, robbery, sex abuse and
unlawful imprisonment. His alleged victim was in
stable condition at Lincoln Hospital.
Ivonne Suarez, who said she is Cuevas' wife,
defended her "Gentle Giant" and insisted the rape
accusation was dreamed up by a "crazy woman."
"He would never do this after spending that time in
jail," said Suarez, 40. "The woman is senile. She
made up this story. My husband wouldn't lay a hand
...Cuevas spent nearly a decade behind bars for
raping two Manhattan women - one of them at
knifepoint in Harlem - in 1996.
Sentenced to seven to 14 years in prison, Cuevas was
twice denied parole by boards that deemed him a
danger to society. He won a conditional release in
November 2005, but a year later he was back in jail
after violating his parole in August 2006.
He wasn't released again until November 2009,
according to records.
Kevin Deutsch and Corky Siemaszko
The New York Daily
Bernardino County Priest Accused of Sexually Abusing
Castillo maintains his innocence.
Ontario - A Catholic priest in San Bernardino County
is accused of sexually abusing two boys within the
last two years.
Rev. Alex Castillo was removed from duty as an
active priest in June.
He served at four churches within the Diocese of San
Bernardino, including Our Lady of Guadelupe in
The parents of two adolescent boys, who are
brothers, claim Castillo sexually abused their sons.
Castillo maintains his innocence.
The accusations were revealed in a letter read in
church over the weekend.
Parishioners say the man they call "Reverend Alex"
is strict and spiritual.
"It's a good person. It's a good father. He's been
here for quite a few years," parishioner Benjamin
Rosas told KTLA.
Church members say they were told Castillo was sick
when he left back in June.
The diocese will only say he's in a place where he
no longer has any contact with parishioners. They
won't say where.
Police will not comment on the allegations.
The San Bernardino Diocese is asking any potential
victims to come forward.
Sep. 14, 2010
girl says she was raped
Dayton - Police are looking for a man, possibly
Hispanic in connection with the sexual assault of a
Officers say the girl was walking home from school
near Bolton Avenue when a man started following her.
He then jumped out , grabbed the girl, threw her
over his shoulders, and took her into a vacant house
where she was assaulted.
Police say the man is between the ages of 18 and 20
and weighs about 140 pounds. He has a teardrop
tattoo under one of his eyes, and he is dressed in
If you have any information about this crime, please
Charlie Van Sant
Sep. 17, 2010
wrong solution in Mexico
administration is right to consider boosting
funding, but increased militarization to combat drug
cartels is misguided. The U.S. would be wiser to
address rampant corruption.
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton made a
dangerous mistake Wednesday when she spoke of
Mexico's drug cartels as "insurgents" and suggested
reviving President Clinton's Plan Colombia to
address the issue. That program set up U.S. military
bases in Colombia and funneled billions of dollars
in military aid to fight the country's
drug-trafficking left-wing insurgency. The last
thing the United States needs today is a new
quagmire south of the Rio Grande.
Mexico is different from Colombia. Colombia was up
against a rebel organization bent on taking over the
government. In contrast, Mexican drug traffickers
are businessmen who we can assume are principally
concerned with increasing their profits. In the end,
they prefer to use "silver," or bribes, over "lead,"
or bullets. Although they are quick to kill or
decapitate members of rival gangs, they much prefer
a pliant police officer, soldier or mayor to a dead
one. This is why government officials make up such a
small percentage of the dead — only about 3,000 out
of 28,000, according to official statistics...
Plan Colombia was highly problematic. More than $4
billion of military aid and the construction of U.S.
military bases did reduce the violence.
Nevertheless, Colombian cocaine still flows freely
into the U.S. market and is one of the most
important sources of income for the Mexican cartels.
U.S. military support in Colombia also led to
skyrocketing human rights abuses and numerous
"disappeared" citizens, at a considerable cost to
the country's social fabric. Nongovernmental
organization and media reports have found that much
of the aid was channeled to [ultra-conservative]
paramilitary groups and that the U.S. presence
emboldened the Colombian military to act with
[One] strategic move would be to aggressively fund
and support independent investigative journalism and
alternative media outlets, which have played a major
role in holding government accountable. Journalism
has become a high-risk profession in Mexico. Both
cartels and the government have done their best to
suppress the truth about corruption.
Unfortunately, neither strong anti-corruption
agencies nor support for journalists have formed a
part of the new focus on social programs, which
months ago the Obama administration suggested as a
possible focus for future funding to Mexico. Under
the influence of the Calderon government, most of
the talk has been about much "softer" initiatives,
such as drug education, urban renewal, scholarships
and community development programs. All of this is
fine, but none of it will attack the roots of the
present failure to rein in the drug cartels in
It is time to turn the corner in U.S. policy toward
Mexico. Instead of sending more money [for] attack
helicopters, military bases or social development
programs, the U.S. could make a significant
contribution to peace in North America by helping to
aggressively combat corruption and supporting
freedom of expression.
John M. Ackerman is a
professor at the Institute for Legal Research at the
National Autonomous University of Mexico,
editor-in-chief of the Mexican Law Review and a
columnist for La Jornada newspaper and Proceso
John M. Ackerman
Sep. 10, 2010
New Mexico, USA
Mexico receives $1.6 million from Justice Department
The U.S. Department of Justice has awarded the state
of New Mexico $1.64 million in grants for public
[The grants included ...$215,000] to create a
special agent position assigned to the [state
attorney general's office's] Border Violence
Division to investigate human trafficking cases.
The grants were announced by Democratic U.S. Sen.
The Associated Press
Sep. 11, 2010
Mexico, The United
Los Angeles Times
metro columnist Hector Tobar
is a former
Mexico City bureau chief for the
Photo: L.A. Times
the outrage over immigrant slayings in Mexico?
...For those of us who remember the tragedy of Latin
America's recent past, seeing the images of last
month's massacre of 72 immigrants in northern Mexico
is like reentering an old and very familiar
Not long ago, dictators ruled most of Latin America.
They had large groups of people kidnapped, tortured
and executed in secret. Their crimes against
humanity hit nearly every corner of the region, from
cosmopolitan Buenos Aires to provincial Guatemala
But this new act of mass murder was not the work of
a military junta run by generals. It didn't take
place in a tiny banana republic without a judicial
system worthy of the name.
It happened in the proud, multiparty democracy
called Mexico, a country with ample social freedoms,
including a vibrant free press. And it wasn't an
isolated occurrence. A report last year by Mexico's
human rights ombudsman said at least 400 mass
kidnappings are reported in Mexico every year, many
involving the rape and murder of hostages.
Modern death squads are operating freely in northern
Mexico, extorting those who wish to come here, where
relatives and jobs await. The kidnappings and
murders of immigrants carried out by these groups
are a stain on Mexican democracy, and many
commentators there recognize this.
"The abuse against migrants is an everyday
embarrassment we don't want to talk about because it
would rob us of all our moral authority before our
neighbors to the north," columnist Alfonso Zarate
wrote in response to the massacre in the newspaper
"Mexico demands respect for the human rights of
'illegal' workers in the U.S.," Zarate continued, "
… but is now itself under the microscope of the
international community, which is rightly
scandalized and indignant."
...As with the many killings of police officers and
officials in Mexico, the San Fernando massacre was
an act of psychological warfare. Such extreme
violence is meant to spread fear and thus make it
easier for the killers to impose their will on the
If we stay silent about their crime, if we treat it
as just another episode in Mexico's unwinnable drug
wars, then we'll allows the killers to win.
And yet, here in the United States, the expressions
of outrage from the immigrant rights movement have
been muted. You could say they are a mere whisper
compared with the very loud campaign against
Arizona's SB 1070, a law whose most controversial
provisions will probably never go into effect.
We should see the killings as a blunt reminder of
the reasons why people so desperately want to come
here. And we should speak of San Fernando with the
same horror as we do
El Mozote and the
Naval Mechanics School of Buenos Aires — sites of
the most heinous crimes committed by the militaries
of El Salvador and Argentina in the 1970s and '80s.
It's not just the killers who deserve our moral
outrage, it's the failed judicial systems that allow
them to thrive without fear of punishment.
In Latin America, the massacre has already provoked
much reflection and protest. The government of
Honduras, home to the largest number of its victims,
announced it would take new steps to try to
discourage illegal immigration to the U.S.
In Mexico, the northern city of Saltillo witnessed a
rare event just days after the Aug. 23 massacre: a
march by 200 undocumented immigrants, carrying the
flags of El Salvador, Guatemala and other Central
"Our countries deny us the opportunity for economic
development," the demonstrators said in a written
statement, after marching through the city with
covered faces. "But Mexico denies us the opportunity
To stop SB 1070, we've seen Angelenos drive across
the desert to Phoenix to march, to denounce both the
governor of Arizona and the mad sheriff of Maricopa
County, Joe Arpaio.
But I've yet to hear of any rallies at the Mexican
consulate or anywhere else here in Los Angeles,
demanding that the Mexican government prosecute
those guilty of so many migrant killings and
Most of the country's leading immigrant rights
groups haven't even bothered to issue a news
That doesn't surprise me. Generally speaking, the
U.S. immigrant rights movement doesn't have much to
say about the social and political conditions that
lead so many to leave their native countries and
place themselves at the mercy of an increasingly
violent smuggling industry.
This is wrong. We can't turn a blind eye to the
deeper, seemingly intractable injustices that are
the obvious root cause of the problem.
Simply put: It's wrong that people have to undertake
the journey to the U.S. in the first place. People
shouldn't have to leave the land of their ancestors,
their extended families, their barrios and their
They leave because the promise of democracy in
Mexico and Central America remains unfulfilled.
The Tamaulipas murders are really just the most
sickening expression of a vast system of inequality
and corruption that still defines life for millions
U.S. immigration reform, unfortunately, won't do
anything to strengthen the rule of law in those
countries that supply the greatest number of
migrants. It won't stop the power of the criminal
groups that infiltrate government and intimidate
officials, not just in certain regions of Mexico but
in much of Central America.
There's a movement for democracy and government
accountability in those places. But it's often under
...Many more of us need to stand with those who work
to keep the promise of democracy and justice alive
in northern Mexico, Guatemala and other places.
It matters not just to them but to us.
And now, as in the age of the dictators, it's a
matter of life and death.
The Los Angeles Times
Sep. 9, 2010
Clarifying the Issues in an Age of Impunity
September 9th, 2010 article by Los Angeles Times
columnist Hector Tobar:
Where's the outrage over
immigrant slayings in Mexico?,
speaks volumes of truth in regard to the world's
lack of response to the human rights crises that
terrorize the daily lives of the people of Mexico
and the rest of Latin America. While much attention
is paid to the injustices that immigrants, including
the undocumented, face in the United States, few
U.S. human rights organizations, including those
that exist within the Latino community, dare to
address the root causes of the oppression that
drives millions to flee to the U.S. in response.
We go beyond Mr. Tobar's analysis to state that the
same problem, that of an imbalanced attention to
human rights tragedies, also exists in regard to the
mass gender atrocities that are today a constant in
Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America. Our project,
exists to counter that lack of awareness and action
by focusing the world's attention on the problems of
criminal impunity and state corruption and
complacency. These dynamics have created conditions
in Mexico that have resulted in conditions where
rule of law is weak, and where both criminal
networks and corrupt law enforcement and military
forces compete to see how many Central and South
American migrants they can kidnap, rob, rape and, in
many cases, sell into slavery.
It is clear to us that the criminal impunity that
dominates in Mexico has spread its influence across
the United States. The fact that Latin American
victims of human slavery account for approximately
60% of the U.S. total of enslaved persons is one
indicator of that reality. The related fact that
Mexico's human smuggling networks now earn between
$15 and 20 billion annually by smuggling immigrants
to the U.S. under often inhuman conditions,
according to a recent CNN report, is another red
flag that should start the alarm bells ringing in
Mexico's governmental and social institutions are
not capable of addressing criminal impunity, and
especially its human trafficking component, without
being pushed hard to do so. U.S. Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton's recent statement indicating that
Mexico's drug cartels are mounting an
'insurgency-like' campaign against Mexican
governmental rule, should give pause to anyone who
thinks that bringing human slavery under control in
that nation will happen anytime soon.
Both the global human rights community and the U.S.
federal government must shift focus and begin to
address this crisis as the emergency that it truly
is. There is no hope for ending human trafficking in
Latin America, nor in the United States, while
criminal impunity and state inaction continue to
reign in Mexico.
End impunity now!
Sep. 10/14, 2009
Also mentioned in Hector Tobar's September 9,
2010 Los Angeles Times article was the El Mozote
Rescue From Atlacatl Battalion
Atlacatl Battallion massacred hundreds of unarmed
villagers in the town of El Mozote
About the El
Mozote Massacre in El Salvador, perpetrated on
December 10, 1981
case of anti-indigenous repression through state
sanctioned rape and mass-murder
...The women were
disposed of next. "First they picked out the young
girls and took them away to the hills," where they
were raped before being killed, Amaya reported.
"Then they picked out the old women and took them to
Israel Marquez's house on the square.
We heard the shots there."
The children died last.
"An order arrived from a Lieutenant Caceres to
Lieutenant Ortega to go ahead and kill the children
too," Amaya observed. "A soldier said 'Lieutenant,
somebody here says he won't kill children.' 'Who's
the sonofabitch who said that?' the lieutenant
answered. 'I am going to kill him.' I could hear
them shouting from where I was crouching in the
A boy named Chepe, age
7, was the only child to survive the siege. He later
described the terrors he witnessed:
"They slit some of the
kids' throats, and many they hanged from the tree
... The soldiers kept telling us, 'You are
guerrillas and this is justice. This is justice.'
Finally, there were only three of us left. I watched
them hang my brother. He was two years old. I could
see that I was going to be killed soon, and I
thought it would be better to die running, so I ran.
I slipped through the soldiers and dove into the
bushes. They fired into the bushes, but none of
their bullets hit me."
suspected illegal immigrants found captive in
The group, which
included juveniles, was being held in a
10-by-12-foot room that was locked from the outside
and had boarded-up windows.
Federal agents found 37 suspected illegal
immigrants, smuggled into the United States from six
countries, crammed into a small house in Riverside
where some had been held captive for weeks,
authorities said Wednesday.
Immigration agents raided the "drop house" after a
relative of one of the captives called the Los
Angeles Police Department. The caller told police
the smugglers had threatened to kill his relative
because the family failed to come up with enough
money to pay for his release, according to Virginia
Kice, spokeswoman for U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement in Los Angeles.
Agents found the immigrants — including two toddlers
and a baby — in a small bedroom, measuring about 10
by 12 feet. The room was locked from the outside and
the windows were boarded up. The home is in one of
the city's older neighborhoods along Martin Luther
King Boulevard, about a mile east of the 91 Freeway.
"As far as we know, they were all in pretty good
physical condition, though some reported that they
had not eaten for days," said Claude Arnold, special
agent in charge for ICE in Los Angeles.
Six suspected smugglers have been detained and are
being questioned, but no arrests have been made,
"We're still in the process of interviewing
everyone," Arnold said. "In these circumstances, it
does take some time to sort this out."
Agents took an additional seven immigrants linked to
the same smuggling scheme into custody earlier in
the day as they were being taken to other
destinations in the Los Angeles area.
The 44 smuggled immigrants are from Guatemala, El
Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Ecuador and the
Dominican Republic. The group included 34 men, four
women and six juveniles.
Those smuggled into the country illegally will
eventually go though deportation proceedings.
However, any immigrants who were assaulted by a
smuggler or were victims of another crime will be
treated as victims and could be eligible for a
victims' visa, he said.
Two weeks ago, federal immigration agents found a
drop house in Baldwin Park with 35 smuggled illegal
immigrants from Central and South America.
The Los Angeles Times
Sep. 9, 2010
Breaks Up a Trafficking Ring for Male Prostitution
Madrid - The Spanish police said Tuesday that it had
dismantled for the first time a human trafficking
network bringing men rather than women into the
country to work as prostitutes.
The police said 14 people, almost all of them
Brazilian, were arrested over recent weeks as part
of an inquiry into the network’s activities begun in
The sex workers were recruited in Brazil, with their
travel costs to Spain initially covered by the
trafficking network’ organizers in return for a
pledge to work subsequently for them, according to a
police statement. Most of the recruits, however,
expected to work as models or nightclub dancers,
although some allegedly knew that they were coming
to Spain to offer sex.
The police estimated that between 60 and 80 men were
brought to Spain by the network, most of them in
their 20s and originating from Brazil’s northern
state of Maranhão. They reached Spain by passing
through third countries.
The bulk of the arrests occurred on the island of
Majorca, including that of the Brazilian accused of
being the ringleader, whose identity was not
disclosed by the police. The prostitutes ended up
owing the network as much as €4,000 each and were
sometimes threatened with death if they refused to
pay the debt, according to the Spanish police.
Although it is the first time that police officers
have broken up a professional male prostitution
trafficking network, five people were arrested in
2006 in Spain’s western region of Extremadura for
their involvement in an illegal Brazilian
prostitution business. More recently, the police
have dismantled several gangs exploiting female sex
workers, generally from Eastern Europe or Africa. In
July, 105 people were arrested for their involvement
in a dozen prostitution centers around Madrid in one
of the largest clampdowns to date.
A police spokeswoman who asked not to be identified
said that Brazilian officials had been involved.
Some of the prostitutes were also placed in custody
for working illegally in Spain.
The New York Times
Aug. 31, 2010
in Puebla opens the Ignacio Ellacuría
Human Rights Institute in March of 2010
vs trata de personas en México son insuficientes:
Cada minuto y medio se comete un delito de trata de
personas en el mundo, y en México, aún sabiendo los
lugares y rutas donde operan las redes, las acciones
que se realizan para evitarlo son insuficientes,
Oscar Castro Soto, director del Instituto de
Derechos Humanos “Ignacio Ellacurría” de la
Universidad Iberoamericana (UIA), indicó que cada
año 400,000 personas son víctimas de dicho delito en
En la presentación de la agenda del “II Congreso
latinoamericano de trata y tráfico de personas”, el
director explicó que 80% de las victimas son niños y
mujeres utilizados para explotación sexual y
trabajos domésticos, ya sea de forma conciente o en
contra de su voluntad.
Las rutas identificadas son: Paraguay, Bolivia,
Chile y Argentina; Brasil y España; Panamá,
Nicaragua y Costa Rica; y El Salvador, Honduras,
Guatemala, México y Estados Unidos, expresaron
académicos de la UIA.
Las redes de trata y de pornografía infantil en
México que están vinculadas al narcotráfico, se
encuentran en regiones de Tapachula, Cancún,
Acapulco, Veracruz, Tijuana, Tlaxcala, Puebla,
Ciudad Juárez y La Merced, en el Distrito Federal,
Las instituciones federales y estatales de México,
con excepción del Instituto de Mujeres del Distrito
Federal, no se sumaron a la convocatoria del evento
internacional a realizarse del 20 al 24 de
septiembre en la UIA de Puebla en la que
participaran funcionarios de varios países, lo que
ocasionó la sorpresa de varios especialistas.
Raquel Pastor, integrante del Comité Académico del
Congreso, señaló en un comunicado, el apoyo del foro
para ayudar a quienes trabajan en la persecución del
delito de trata, ya que en México no existen
instituciones especializadas que atiendan a las
víctimas de dicho delito.
Mexico's actions against human
trafficking are insufficient: Ibero-American
According to Oscar Castro Soto, director of the
Ignacio Ellacurría Institute for Human Rights at
Mexico's Ibero-American University (UIA) in Puebla
state, every minute and a half a human trafficking
crime is committed somewhere in the world. In
Mexico, despite the fact that trafficking locations
and routes are known, [state] actions to prevent
such crimes are inadequate. According to Castro
Soto, 400,000 persons become victims of trafficking
each year globally.
Castro Soto presented his observations in the
just-released agenda for the upcoming Second Latin
American Congress on Human Trafficking, which will
be held at the UIA campus in Puebla between
September 20th and 24th, 2010. He explained that 80%
of the victims of human trafficking are children and
women, who either consciously or against their will
are utilized for sexual exploitation or domestic
Known [Latin American] trafficking routes exist in
Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Panama,
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras,
Guatemala, Mexico, the United States and Spain,
stated Castro Soto
[Soto-Castro's statement omits important human
trafficking routes that involve the Dominican
Republic and Colombia, the two largest sources of
sex trafficking victims in Latin America -
Castro Soto's statement noted that within Mexico,
human trafficking and child pornography networks are
tied to narco-trafficking organizations. These
criminal groups may be found in Tapachula, Cancún,
Acapulco, Veracruz, Tijuana, Tlaxcala, Puebla,
Ciudad Juárez and the La Merced sector of Mexico
With the exception of the National Women's
Institute, Mexican federal agencies chose not to
participate in the conference. This decision brought
expressions of surprise from some of the specialists
involved with the event. Government officials of
several other nations plan to attend.
Raquel Pastor, who is a member of the academic
committee of the Congress, stated in a press release
that the goal of the Congress was to assist those in
government who seek to prosecute human trafficking
crimes, given the fact the Mexico currently does not
have institutions set-up to assist victims.
El Semanario - Mexico
Sep. 07, 2010
From the CATW-LAC flyer
for their third annual awards ceremony
La Coalición Regional Contra
El Tráfico De Mujeres Y Niñas En América Latina Y El
Caribe presentará su "Tercer Premio
Latino-americano por La Vida y la Seguridad de las
Mujeres y Niñas en America Latina y el Caribe
During the upcoming Secnd
Latin American Congress on Human Trafficking, which
will be held at the UIA campus in Puebla, Mexico,
between September 20th through 24th, 2010, the
Coalition Against Trafficking in Women - Latin
American and Caribbean branch (CATW-LAC), will
present its Third Award for the Defense of Life and
Security for Women and Girls in Latin America.
UIA Puebla se inaugurará el Instituto de Derechos
Humanos Ignacio Ellacuría |22 de Marzo de 2010|
The UIA in Puebla opens the Ignacio
Ellacuría Human Rights Institute on March 22nd,
March 22, 2010
Other important news stories from
2009 and 2010
New York, USA
Luis CdeBaca (second from left) and
other presenters at UN / Brandeis
in Plain Sight: The News Media's Role in Exposing
The Schuster Institute for Investigative Journalism
at Brandeis University cosponsored a first-ever
United Nations panel discussion about how the news
media is exposing and explaining modern slavery and
human trafficking -- and how to do it better. Below
are the transcript and video from that conference,
held at the United Nations headquarters in New York
City on June 16 and co-sponsored by the United
States Mission to the United Nations and the United
Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
Take a look as some leading media-makers and
policymakers debate coverage of human trafficking.
What hinders good reporting on human trafficking?
What do journalists fear when they report on slaves
and slavery? Why cover the subject in the first
place? What are the common reporting mistakes and
missteps that can do more harm than good to
trafficking victims, and to government, NGO, and
individual efforts to end the traffic of persons for
others' profit and pleasure?
Among the main points: Panelists urged reporters and
editors to avoid salacious details and splashy,
"sexy" headlines that can prevent a more nuanced
examination of trafficked persons' lives and
Journalists lamented the lack of solid data, noting
that the available statistics are contradictory,
unreliable, insufficient, and often skewed by
ideology. As an example, the two
officials on the panel -- Ambassador Luis CdeBaca,
head of the U.S. Office to Monitor and Combat
Trafficking in Persons, and Under-Secretary-General
Antonio Maria Costa, executive director of the U.N.
Office on Drugs and Crime -- disagreed on the number
of rescued trafficking victims. Costa thought the
number was likely less than half CdeBaca's estimate
(from the International Labour Organization) of
50,000 victims rescued worldwide...
Read the transcript
The Huffington Post
July 15, 2010
In response to the above article by the Huffington
Post, on the topic of press coverage of the issue of
human trafficking, we would like to point out that
project came into existence because of a lack of
interest and/or willingness on the part of many (but
not all) reporters and editors in the press, and
also on the part of government agencies and
academics, to acknowledge and target the rampant
sexual violence faced by Latina and indigenous women
and children across both Latin America and the Latin
Diaspora in the Untied States, Canada, and in other
advanced economies such as those of western Europe
Ten years after starting
more substantial press coverage is taking place.
However, the crisis of ongoing mass gender
atrocities that plague Latin America, including
human trafficking, community based sexual violence,
a gender hostile living environment and government
and social complicity (and especially in regard to
the region's completely marginalized indigenous and
African descended victims - who are especially
targeted for victimization), continue to be largely
ignored or intentionally untouched by the press,
official government action, academic investigation
and NGO effort.
Therefore we persist in broadcasting the message
that the crisis in Latin America and its Diaspora
cannot and will not be ignored.
End impunity now!
July 21, 2010
Video of Mexican
Fernando Gómez Mont's
presentation at the Feb.
23rd and 24th, 2010
congressional Forum for
Analysis and Discussion
in Regard to Criminal
Law to Control Human
[Ten minutes - In
Feb. 26, 2010
Lead, Follow or Get Out
of the Way!
Fernando Gómez Mont's
presentation at the
congressional Forum for
Analysis and Discussion
in Regard to Criminal
Law to Control Human
Trafficking has been
widely quoted in the
Mexican press. We have
posted some of those
articles here (see
The video of Secretary
Mont's discourse shows
that he is passionate
about the idea of
raising awareness about
human trafficking. He
[trafficking] visible is
the first step towards
Secretary Mont believes
that the solution to
human trafficking in
Mexico will come from
raising awareness about
trafficking and from
understanding the fact
that machismo, its
violence and also the
extreme poverty are the
dynamics that push
at-risk children and
youth into the hands of
During Secretary Mont's
talk he expressed his
strongly held belief
that federalizing the
is, in effect, throwing
good money after bad. In
his view, the source of
the problem is not those
whom criminal statutes
would target, but the
fundamental social ills
that drive the problem.
The Secretary's views
have an element of
wisdom in them. We
believe, however, that
his approach is far too
victims of human
trafficking exist in
Mexico (according to
veteran activist Teresa
Ulloa of the Coalition
Against Trafficking in
Women - Latin American
and Caribbean branch -
A note about
that, if the
- CSEC, at
CSEC for its
is known to
in the world
in the city
in Mexico is
be so widely
Regardless of what the
actual figures are, they
include a very large
number of victims.
While officials such as
enforcement and rescue
and restoration efforts,
while instead relying
upon arriving at some
far-off day when Mexican
society raises its
awareness and empathy
for victims (and that is
Mont's policy proposal
as stated during the
recent trafficking law
forum), tens of
thousands of victims who
are being kidnapped,
raped, enslaved and sold
to the highest bidder
need our help. They need
our urgent intervention.
As a result of their
typically live for only
a few years, if that,
according to experts.
The reality is that the
tragic plight of victims
can and must be
prevented. Those who
have already been
victimized must be
rescued and restored to
That is not too
much to ask from a
Mexico that calls itself
a member of civilized
Mexico exists at the
very top of world-wide
statistics on the
enslavement of human
beings. Save the
Children recognizes the
southern border region
of Mexico as being the
largest zone for the
exploitation of children
on Planet Earth.
Colombian and Mexican
drug cartels, Japanese
Yakuza mafias and the
Russian Mob are all
(kidnapping, raping, and
exporting) many of
the thousands of Central
and South American
migrant women who cross
into Mexico. They also
prey upon thousands of
girls and women (and
especially those who are
Indigenous), who remain
unprotected by the
otherwise modern state
of Mexico, where Roman
Empire era feudal
traditions of exploiting
the poor and the
Indigenous as slaves are
honored and defended by
the wealthy elites who
profit (economically and
sexually) from such
Within this social
environment, the more
extreme forms of modern
slavery are not seen as
being outrageous by the
average citizen. These
forms of brutal
exploitation have been
used continuously in
Mexico for 500 years.
We reiterate our view,
as expressed in our Feb.
26th and 27th 2010
Interior Secretary Mont
has presided over the
two year delay in
provisions of the
the Law to Prevent, and
Trafficking, passed by
Congress in 2007.
required to enable
the law were left
unpublished by the
for 11 months after
the law was passed.
When the regulation
were published, they
were weak, and left
out a role for the
agency, the Special
Against Women and
Human Trafficking in
failed to target
Commission to Fight
called for in the
law, was only
stood-up in late
2009, two years
after the law's
passage, and only
agitation by members
act to create the
National Program to
called for in the
2007 law, has yet to
be created by the
In early February of
2010, Senator Irma
stated that the 2007
and its long-sought
regulations were a
'dead letter' due to
the power of
impunity that has
of the delaying tactics
that were used to thwart
the will and intent of
Congress in passing the
law originated in the
National Action Party
(PAN) administration of
Calderón. All aspects of
the 2007 law that called
commissions and programs
were the responsibility
of Interior Secretary
Mont to implement. That
job was never performed,
and the 2007 law is now
accurately referred to
as a "dead letter" by
members of Congress.
Those of us in the world
community who actively
support the use of
criminal sanctions to
suppress and ultimately
defeat the multi-billion
dollar power of human
must come to the aid of
the many political and
organization leaders in
Mexico who are working
to create a
breakthrough, to end the
impasse which the
traditionalist forces in
the PAN political
machine have thrown-up
as a gauntlet to defeat
Mont's vision for the
future, which involves
continuing on a course
of complete inaction
on the law enforcement
front, must be rejected
as a capitulation to the
status quo, and as a nod
to the traffickers.
While "Little Brown
Maria in the Brothel" -
our metaphor for the
suffers yet another day
chained to a bed in
Juárez, Mexico City,
Tlaxcala, Tapachula and
Cancun, the entire law
infrastructure of Mexico
sits by and does
virtually nothing to
stop this mass gender
atrocity from happening.
That is a completely
unacceptable state of
affairs for a Mexico
that is a member of the
world community, and
that is a signatory to
that fight human
trafficking and that
defend women and
children's human rights.
We once again call upon
U.S. Ambassador at Large
Luis CdeBaca, director
of the Trafficking in
Persons office at the
Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton, and
President Barack Obama
to stand-up and speak
out with the moral
authority of the United
States in support of the
forces of change in
Political leaders and
organizations around the
world also have a
speak-up, and to let the
government of President
Felipe Calderón know
that the fact that his
supported presenting a
forum on trafficking,
and the holding of a few
press conferences, is
not enough of a policy
turn-around to be
The PAN must take strong
action to aggressively
combat the explosive
growth in human slavery
in Mexico in accordance
standards. Those at
risk, and those who are
today victims, await
your effective response
to their emergency,
Enacting a 'general'
federal law that is
enforceable in all of
Mexico's states would be
a good fist step to show
the world that sincere
and honest voices
against modern day
slavery do exist in
Congress, and are
willing to draw a line
in the sand on this
As for Secretary Mont,
we suggest, kind sir,
that you consider the
adage, and either "lead,
follow, or get out of
the way" of progress.
No more delays!
There is no time to
End impunity now!
- Chuck Goolsby
March 1, 2010
Víctimas del tráfico de
personas, 5 millones de
mujeres y niñas en
De esa cifra, más de 500
mil casos ocurren en
Five million victims of
Human Trafficking Exist
in Latin America
Coahuila state - Teresa
Ulloa Ziaurriz, the
director of the
Trafficking in Women's
Latin American /
office, announced this
past Monday that more
than five million women
and girls are currently
victims of human
trafficking in Latin
America and the
forum on successful
treatment approaches for
trafficking victims held
by the Women's Institute
of Coahuila, Ulloa
Ziaurriz stated that
500,000 of these cases
exist in Mexico, where
women and girls are
trafficked for sexual
pornography and the
illegal harvesting of
Ziaurriz said that human
trafficking is the
second largest criminal
industry in the world
today, a fact that has
given rise to the
existence of a very
large number of
trafficking networks who
operate with the
complicity of both
officials and business
a country of origin,
transit and also
trafficked persons. Of
500,000 victims in
Mexico, 87% are
subjected to commercial
Ziaurriz pointed out
that locally in Coahuila
state, the nation's
problem shows up in the
form of child
prostitution in cities
such as Ciudad Acuña as
well as other population
centers along Mexico's
border with the United
- Notimex / La
Mexico: Más de un millón
de menores se
prostituyen en el centro
del país: especialista
Expert: More than one
million minors are
sexually exploited in
city, in Tlaxcala state
- Around 1.5 million
people in the central
region of Mexico are
engaged in prostitution,
and some 75% of them are
between 12 and 13 years
of age, reported Teresa
Ulloa, director of the
Against Trafficking in
Women and Girls in Latin
America and the
La Jornada de Oriente
Sep. 26, 200
[Note: The figure of 75%
of 1.5 million indicates
that 1.1 million girls
between the ages of 12
and 13 at any given time
engage in prostitution
in central Mexico alone.
Added: Dec. 03, 2009
violencia en México
podrían ser plan de
vinculados con el
crimen son una
Madrid. Las muertes
por violencia en
México en los
últimos años, 15 mil
en los últimos tres
años, podrían formar
parte de un plan de
"limpieza social por
parte del Estado
este lunes en Madrid
Deaths from violence
in Mexico could be
the results of
whether murders are
Madrid. Deaths from
violence in Mexico
in recent years,
during the past
three years, could
form part of a plan
of "social cleansing
by the Mexican
Lydia Cacho in
Madrid, Spain on
are beginning to
investigate at this
time in Mexico
15,000 murders are
cleansing by the
Cacho said in a
press conference in
which she denounced
persecution of the
press in her
three years ago, we
have been witnessing
Mexico "justified by
the war " (on
drugs), in which "
Cacho was kidnapped
[by rogue state
police agents] and
tortured in Mexico
information about a
pedophile ring in
and politicians were
Court of Human
Rights (IACHR) will
determine in an
the rights of the
journalist in that
The foundation that
bears Cacho's name,
created in Madrid a
year ago, is
organizing a concert
to raise funds to
help pay for her
defense before the
Cacho is the author
of [the child sex
The Demons of
Eden. In recent
years she has
awards for her work
on behalf of human
rights carried out
Cano World Press
Agence France Presse
Nov. 23, 2009
Part of Problem, Not
Madrid - A
journalist known for
exposes of pedophile
rings and child
prostitution said on
cartels is “not a
battle for justice
and social peace.”
Lydia Cacho, who has
faced death threats
persecution for her
writings, told a
press conference in
Accompanied by the
head of the Lydia
Alicia Luna; and
the author said the
nearly three years
since Calderón took
office have seen
and harassment of
The period has also
said, exceeding the
carnage in Colombia
at the height of
that country’s drug
investigate if those
15,000 killings are
cleansing on the
part of the Mexican
state,” she said.
Calderón, she noted,
“insists on saying
that many of those
and that the rest
are criminals who
kill one another.”
“It is a war among
the powerful and not
a battle for justice
and social peace,”
she said of the
cartels, which has
criticism for human
Cacho also lamented
media, saying that
many outlets color
their reporting to
avoid trouble with
the government and
and crusader for
Lydia Cacho became
famous thanks to the
furor over her 2005
book “Los demonios
del Eden” (The
Demons of Eden),
and their associates
in the Mexican
In the book, she
magnate Kamel Nacif
as a friend and
protector of accused
Succar Kuri, who has
since been sent back
to Mexico from the
United States to
business is based in
the central state of
Cacho of defamation
- a criminal offense
- in Mexico and
arranged to have her
ignoring a summons
to appear in court
for the case.
In February 2006,
which Nacif was
with Puebla Governor
Mario Marin and
officials to have
Cacho taken into
custody and then
Nacif, known as the
“denim king” for his
dominance of the
author’s arrest by
personnel not to
send her the
released on bail and
the case against her
Nov. 24, 2009
Railroaded by the
Legal Process for
Exposing Child Sex
Networks In Mexico
Perils of Plan
Mexico: Going Beyond
Mexico is the United
neighbor and yet
most U.S. citizens
about what is
happening within the
Mexico and Mexicans
are often demonized
in the U.S. press.
The single biggest
reason for this is
the way that the
been recast in terms
of security over the
past few years...
of Mexico has led to
a steep increase in
homicides related to
the drug war. It has
led to rape and
abuse of women by
against the armed
Even these stark
figures do not
seriousness of what
is happening in
Many abuses are not
reported at all for
the simple reason
that there is no
justice will be
done. The Mexican
Armed Forces are not
subject to civilian
justice systems, but
to their own
These very rarely
scores of reported
torture cases, for
example, not a
single case has been
prosecuted by the
army in recent
The situation with
the police and
system is not much
is rampant due to
the immense economic
power of the drug
cartels. Local and
state police, the
and the justice
system are so highly
controlled by the
cartels that in most
cases it is
impossible to tell
the good guys from
the bad guys.
of Mexico has also
led to what rights
groups call "the
leaders have been
framed under drug
by the military with
the pretext of the
drug war. In
one of the first
to replace local
police forces and
occupy whole towns,
among the first
people picked up
leaders - not on
drug charges but on
warrants for leading
operations in the
Sierra Madre cited a
sharp increase in
they link to the
and the NAFTA-SPP
[North American Free
Trade Act - Security
at opening up
natural resources to
All this - the human
the opposition -
would be grave cause
for concern under
any conditions. What
that in addition to
costs to Mexican
society, the war on
drugs doesn't work
to achieve its own
Nov. 23, 2009
Added: Dec. 03, 2009
The Numbers Don't
Add Up in Mexico's
Drug Seizures are
Human Rights Abuses
Just a week before
completes half of
his six-year term,
[leading Mexico City
Jornada reports that
murders outside of
the law] have
occurred during his
6,500 of those
occurred in 2009,
according to La
Jornada’s sources in
While executions are
on the rise, drug
seizures are down,
and drug production
is up, Mexico is
also experiencing an
alarming increase in
human rights abuses
government agents -
army - in Calderón’s
war on drugs. As
Mexican human rights
noted, human rights
by members of the
armed forces have
over the past two
statistic is based
received by the
No Mas Abusos (No
More Abuses), a
joint project of the
Miguel Agustín Pro
Juárez Human Rights
Center, the Fundar
Center for Analysis
and other government
Dec. 1, 2009
Archive - October
El Paso - …Mexican
official Gustavo de
la Rosa Hickerson
[has] reported 170
instances of Mexican
and killing innocent
people in Chihuahua
The Associated Press
According to press
reports from Mexico,
secret society is
the dominant faction
within the ruling
El Yunque holds the
belief that all
including those who
improving the lives
of women, indigenous
people and the poor,
the children of
Satan. They take
with those beliefs.
During the 1960s, El
Although today they
profess to adhere to
process to affect
change, it is not a
stretch, given their
violent history, to
conclude that Lydia
that the federal
government of Mexico
may be engaging in
killings" (which is
just a fancy way to
sanctioned murder of
may be valid. Cacho
is a credible first
hand witness to the
acts of impunity
at-times to control
free and independent
thinking in Mexico.
We have documented
of human rights for
women in Mexico for
Mexico is one of the
very hottest spots
for the gender
rights crisis in the
The systematic use
personnel of rape
with total impunity,
indigenous women and
girls, is one
example of the
The case of the
carried out by
dozens of policemen
against women social
protesters in the
Mexico in 2006 is
another stark case.
through which the
U.S. Government is
drug war to the tune
of $450 million over
several years, is
financing not only
that war, but it is
of the El Yunque
El Yunque, which has
been identified as
being an anti-
Mexico, does not
deserve even one
dollar of U.S.
Defeat the drug
Provide funding for
El Yunque's quest to
build empire in
people's basic human
Dec. 4, 2009
About El Yunque
Organization of the
Anvil, or simply
El Yunque (The
the name of a secret
to the reporter
Alvaro Delgado, "is
to defend the
elements of the]
and fight the forces
of Satan, whether
through violence or
kingdom of God in
the land that is
subject to the
to the mandates of
the Catholic Church,
infiltration of all
its members at the
highest levels of
(mostly from the
have been named as
alleged founders and
members of The
About El Yunque
hoy en día, y
define bien la
mujeres y en
niñas de todas
Pedimos a todas
las personas de
para inform al
de esta crisis,
y que aumentamos
electos y otros
deben cambiar el
statu quo y
fin, a las
de violencia de
que afectan cada
vez mas a las
mujeres y las
niñas de las
¡Basta ya con la
impunidad y la
children in the
We ask that all
hard to continue
crisis, and that
we all ramp-up
makers, who must
status quo and
finally, to the
women and girls
End Impunity and
March 8, 2008
Read our special section
on the crisis in the
The city of Tapachula,
located in Chiapas state
near Mexico's border
is one of the largest
and most lawless child
sex trafficking markets
in all of Latin America.
new news section tracks
events related to this
over half of the
estimated 21,000 sex
slaves and other sex
workers are underage,
and where especially
migrant women and girls
from Central and South
America, who seek to
migrate to the United
States, have their
freedom taken from them,
to become a money-making
gangs of violent
A 2007 study by the
[End Child Prostitution
revealed that over
prostituted in 1,552
bars and brothels in
Added June 15, 2008
Global Slavery: Everyday Heroes
Leading the Way
Humanity United and
Change-makers, a project of
Ashoka International, are
conducting a global online
competition to identify
innovative approaches to
exposing, confronting and ending
modern-day human slavery.
over 200 entries from 45 nations
Teresa Ulloa: Agarra la Onda
Iniciación Sexual y Consumo de
la Prostitución ('Get It
Together Young Man: Masculinity,
Sexual Initiation and
Consumption of Prostitution).
Equidad Laboral Y La Mujer
Equality and the Afro-Colombian
Alianza Por Tus Derechos, Costa
Our borders: say no to
traffick-ing of persons,
news feed is a major source of
Spanish language news articles
translated and posted on
Prevención de la migración
temprana y fortalecimiento de
los lazos familiares en apoyo a
las Trabajadoras del Hogar en
(Preventing early migration and
serving women in Quechua and
Spanish in largely Indigenous
Carla Conde - Freuden-dorff, on
her work assisting Dominican
women trafficked to Argentina
Contribute your comments and
questions about competition
June 15, 2008
Entrepreneur for Society
Drayton discusses the founding
of Ashoka... "Our job is not to
give people fish, it's not to
teach them how to fish, it's to
build new and better fishing
A woman is paraded
before Johns on Mexico
City's San Tomas Street,
where kidnap victims are
prostitu-tion and are
(C) NY Times
The Girls Next Door
The New York Times'
ground-breaking story on child
and youth sex trafficking from
Mexico into the United States
[About Montserrat, a former
child trafficking victim:]
cell of sex traffickers offered
three age ranges of sex partners
-- toddler to age 4, 5 to 12 and
teens -- as well as what she
called a ''damage
group.'' ''In the
damage group they can hit you or
do anything they wanted...''
New York Times Magazine
January 25, 2004
Hurricane Wilma -
The impact of
natural disasters on women and children's human
rights in the Americas
Trafficking of Women and Children in the
- Organization of American States
More than 163,000 Hispanic
children... are reported missing and exploited
in the United States every year.
- National Center
for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC)
March 22, 2006
Beyond Machismo - A Cuban
"I am a recovering
macho, a product of an oppressive society, a
society where gender, race and class domination
do not exist in isolated compart-ments, nor are
they neatly relegated to uniform categories of
repression. They are created in the space where
they interact and conflict with each other, a
space I will call machismo."
theologian and ethicist
Dr. Miguel de la Torre
"Familia" by Salvadoran
artist Zelie Lardé. (1901-1974)
Who will protect them from