Octubre / October 2010

 

 

 

    Home

Creating a Bright Future Today for

Children, Women, Men & Families

   

 

 

 

    

 

 

/ Welcome


Dedicated to Ending the Sexual Oppression of

Latina, Indigenous & African Women & Children in the

Americas 

Since March, 2001


Remember Them!


About the leading edge human rights work of Dr. Laura Bozzo


Search

Site Map


OUR REPORTS

All of our reports and commentaries: 1994 to present

About Us

2006 - Migration, Social Reform and Women's Right to Survive

2005 - Defending 'Maria' from Impunity

2003 Slavery Report


ISSUES INDEX

Our Site Map


The Crisis Facing Indigenous Women and Children

A young Indigenous girl child from Paraguay, South America, freed from sexual slavery by police in Argentina.

Native Latin America

Native Bolivia

Native Brazil

Native Colombia

Native El Salvador

Native Guatemala -

   Femicide & Genocide

Native Mexico

   Acteal Massacre

Native Peru

United States

Native Canada

African Diaspora

Haitian children are routinely enslaved in the Dominican Republic

Afro Latin America and the Caribbean

The Crisis Facing Latin American Women and Children

Introduction

Key Facts

HIV-AIDS Issues

About Machismo

Concept of Impunity

More Information

Central America / Mexico Region

Central America

El Salvador

Honduras

México

   Juarez Femicide

Nicaragua

Panama

Caribbean Region

Spanish Speaking

Cuba

Dominican Republic

Puerto Rico

French Speaking

Haiti / Dominica

English Speaking

Jamaica

Trinidad and Tobago

South American Region

Argentina

Brazil 

Columbia

Ecuador

Guyana

Paraguay

Venezuela

Crisis - U.S. Latinas

Crisis: U.S. Latinas

Washington, DC

Workplace Rape

U.S. Rape Cases

Sexual Slavery

Trafficking Overview

The Global Crisis

Latin American

   Sexual Slavery

U.S. Latina Slavery

Latina Child Sex

   Slavery in San Diego

Worst Cases

Urgent Human Rights Issues in Mexico

Oaxaca

Striking Mexican

   Women Teachers

   are Violently

   Attacked by Police

   in Oaxaca

Atenco

Foto: Belinda Hernández

Mexican Police

   Rape and Assault

   47 Women at

   Street Protest

Lydia Cacho

Journalist / Activist

   Lydia Cacho is

   Railroaded by the

   Legal Process for

   Exposing Child Sex

   Networks In Mexico

Other Issues

School Exploitation

Forced Sterilization

The Jutiapa, Guate-

   mala Child Porn

   Scandal

The Elio Carrion

   Shooting Case

President Bush's

  Immigration

  Proposal

Other Disasters

The Darfur Genocide

Impact of Hurricanes

  Stan and Wilma

Hurricane Katrina

Other Regions

Africa

Asia / Pacific

Middle East

Europe

Reference

Who's Who

Organizations

Books

Media Articles

 

Indigenous & Latina Women & Children's Human Rights News from the Americas 


 

 

Indigenous & Latina Women & Children's Human Rights News from the Americas 


 

 

Indigenous & Latina Women & Children's Human Rights News from the Americas 


 

 
Latin America
Women & Children at Risk
 
Title:  Trafficking Policy Scrutinized
 
Publisher:  (c) 2005 New York Newsday - newsday.com
Author:  Anthony M. DeStefano
Publish Date:  2005-07-24

Mix sex with the Bush administration and controversy is bound to follow.

Such is the case with the emotional issue of human trafficking - the migration of people to work in forced or fraudulent labor conditions often involving prostitution, or as farm and domestic workers.

The United States has been at the forefront of anti-trafficking efforts since the passage of a federal law in the closing days of the Clinton administration in 2000. Since then, American prosecutors have initiated scores of criminal cases in New York City and elsewhere. Tens of millions of dollars have been spent to address what many human-rights advocates see as modern-day slavery.

Earlier this month, the Department of State started the clock ticking on 14 nations, including allies Saudi Arabia and Qatar, which have until Oct. 1 to do more to combat trafficking as defined under American law or lose certain U.S. aid.

But critics believe the administration is using worldwide concern about trafficking to push a misguided effort aimed at abolishing prostitution to curry favor with conservative religious elements in the United States. That effort is based on half-baked research or no research at all, the critics maintain. The result, according to some human-rights activists, has been too much attention on sex trafficking and not enough on labor trafficking.

In a telephone interview with Newsday, Ambassador John Miller, head of the Department of State's office to monitor trafficking, agreed that trafficking is not just sex work. But he also believes that where sex trafficking is found, it is "inextricably linked with prostitution."

"We have to acknowledge that," Miller said of the professed trafficking-prostitution link. "To pretend otherwise is unrealistic."

That posture has been taken to task by a number of human rights experts and attorneys active in anti-trafficking efforts.

In an April 21 letter to Miller, a group of rights advocates said a Department of State fact sheet linking prostitution and sex trafficking contained statements that "are unsupported or unproven by valid research methods and data." Sources used in the government document failed to prove that prostitution in itself is a cause of trafficking, the letter stated. They cited other research showing a lack of labor protection fostered trafficking.

Miller acknowledged in the interview that because trafficking is a criminal activity data has been difficult to compile.

In a written response to the critics, Miller said he believed the estimate that 80 percent of the 600,000 to 800,000 people trafficked globally each year are female and that 70 percent of them are involved in commercial sex "correctly points out how a disproportionate burden of modern-day slavery falls on women and children."

Miller told Newsday that, while estimates of the number of U.S. trafficking victims have dropped from 50,000 a year in 1999 to about 17,000 in 2004, it was because of refined calculations and not because trafficking is waning.

The latest U.S. global report on trafficking mentions labor exploitation and in particular child camel jockeys in the Mideast, as well as the practice of bonded labor in South Asia, where people are obligated to work off debts that never decrease.

Still, the key U.S. debate over sex work and trafficking is expected to continue. Rep. Henry A. Waxman (D-Calif.) of the House Government Reform Committee wrote to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales in April voicing concern over the wisdom and legality of a Bush administration policy requiring foreign groups working with AIDS and trafficking victims to explicitly oppose prostitution before getting federal grants.

Waxman echoed the concerns of many in the HIV/AIDS health world that such a policy will make it harder to work with vulnerable populations.